Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Insights into Vulcanization for Reinforcement of Rubber

A11 corrected paper yuko ikeda  japan

Event: 200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021
Location: Pittsburgh, PA
Date: October 05, 2021
Author: Yuko Ikeda
Paper Number: A11

Price: $20.00

  • The sulfur cross-linking and the reinforcement by filler are the two most important issues governing the vulcanizate properties of rubber. Lots of various studies have been carried out to gain better understanding of the two. The findings have enlightened rubber industry practitioners and rubber researchers. However, there are still unknown aspects on the vulcanization and the filler-fillings for rubbers. Therefore, it is now necessary to more deeply research essential natures of the sulfur cross-linking and the reinforcement in order to achieve a paradigm shift of rubber science and technology. In this presentation, sulfur cross-linking reagents are shown to play important roles not only to link the rubber chains but also to control the network morphology for the reinforcement of rubber. Zinc is a main key for the two roles. A new reaction mechanisms via bridging bidentate zinc/stearate complexes for N-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-ylsulfanyl)cyclohexanamine accelerated vulcanization of isoprene rubber is introduced to support the idea. Feature of inhomogeneous network structures in vulcanizates is also presented to characterize a reinforcement effect of network domains in a rubber matrix. The novel insights are important for rubber industry in the future.

    Papers from 200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021

    Items from 200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021