Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Soybean Oil as a Plasticizer for Micronized Recycled Crumb Rubber

E17 shafranska soybean oil as a plasticizer

Event: 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019
Location: Cleveland, OH
Date: October 08, 2019
Author: Olena Shafranska
Paper Number: E17

Price: $20.00

  • The ability of different types of soybean oils to plasticize micronized recycled rubber and enable incorporation into new rubber compounds was explored. Mechano-chemical de-vulcanization of micronized recycled rubber powder with the aid of different soy-derived processing oils, particularly unmodified soy oils and polystyrene-modified soy oils in the presence of tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) was investigated in an internal mixer. The effect of physical properties of oils and their chemical structures on mixing characteristics and cross-link density (CLD) of de-vulcanized rubber was studied. 1H NMR spectroscopy analysis and CLD testing confirm the ability of fatty-acid chain unsaturations in soy-derived oils to chemically interact with the rubber polymer at reactive mixing conditions. Different amount of recycled rubber powder chemically de-vulcanized in the presence of soy-based oils was used for the formulation of poly(styrene-butadiene) (SBR) rubber compounds. Vulcanized SBR rubbers were tested for mechanical properties, gel content, and CLD. Both tensile testing and CLD data demonstrate an increase of CLD in the rubbers containing reactively mixed recycled rubber, comparing to the rubber compounds containing untreated recycled rubber powder. The highest tensile strength was observed for the compounds containing polystyrene-modified soy oil used both for reactive mixing of recycled rubber and as a processing oil in SBR formulation, suggesting a positive contribution of modified soy oil on the physical properties of SBR rubber compounds.

    Papers from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

    Items from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019