Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Characterizing Tensile Strength Distribution to Evaluate Filler Dispersion Effects and Reliability of Rubber

D18   rbertson rubbertensile strength distribution   endurica birla axel

Event: 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019
Location: Cleveland, OH
Date: October 08, 2019
Author: Chris Robertson
Paper Number: D18

Price: $20.00

  • Rubber fracture mechanics can be used to predict fatigue lifetime of an elastomer product, and the essential inputs are the crack growth rate law and the size of crack precursors. A distribution of crack precursor sizes leads to a distribution of failure properties, such as fatigue lifetime and tensile strength. Undispersed filler agglomerates or other large inclusions/contaminants in the rubber can act as crack precursors that limit the strength and lifetime of the material. To demonstrate these relationships, we use tensile strength data from 50 specimens to characterize the failure distribution behavior of each rubber compound and compare the results to filler agglomerate size distribution measured using microscopy. Poor mixing is simulated by adding a portion of the carbon black filler late in the mixing process, and glass microspheres are introduced during milling to reproduce the effects of large inclusions.

    Papers from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

    Items from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019