Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Rubber Bonding: Novel Measurements for Cure Rate of Adhesives and Measurements of Reactivity of Applied Dried Adhesives

D01 stevens rubber bonding a novel measurements for cure rate of adhesives

Event: 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019
Location: Cleveland, OH
Date: October 08, 2019
Author: Christopher Stevens
Paper Number: D01

Price: $20.00

  • This paper characterises extremely reactive rubber bonding agents, similar to those used for rubber-to-metal application. The first half of the paper addresses the measurement of the rate of cure. Should a solid film of the dried adhesive be measured in a curemeter (such as the MDR) at normal rubber vulcanisation conditions, then an exothermic explosion can occur, with severe degradation of the sample and significant quantities of smoke. DMA machines can be utilised to obtain cure curves of such materials, but have very high variability due to the lack of constraint on the sample. An RPA has been successfully adopted with a multi-stage to determine the cure rate of adhesives without explosion. Cure rates of adhesives can now be compared to cure rates of the rubber for which bonding is desired. The second half of the paper addresses measurement of bonding agent reactivity once it has been applied to the substrate and dried. Peel adhesion to rubber compound tests have shown that 100% rubber tear was always observed, and that there was no measurement of the reactivity of the adhesive. In this instance, adhesive was applied as an overcoat to a rubber impregnated glass cord. The various measurements have assessed: the self-crosslinking of the adhesive with itself, the reaction between the adhesive and the rubber inside the cord (by DSC) and the reactivity of the adhesive to combine with unsaturation by using a squalene reaction test. The sensitivity and usefulness of the various tests have been assessed and compared.

    Papers from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

    Items from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019