Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Silica Development for Sidewall Compounds

C12 dos santos freire   manuscript

Event: 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019
Location: Cleveland, OH
Date: October 08, 2019
Author: Lucas Dos Santos Freire
Paper Number: C12

Price: $20.00

  • Tire tread is the single largest contributor to tire rolling resistance. Because of this, most developments to improve tire rolling resistance have focused on the incorporation of precipitated silicas into the tread compounds. However, still approximately 50% of the tire rolling resistance is attributed to the energy dissipation of non-tread components. The next largest contributor to rolling resistance after the tread is the sidewall, which contributes to about 20% of the tire rolling resistance. For this reason, the sidewall is an excellent candidate to achieve additional fuel efficiency improvements by taking advantage of the known reduction in hysteresis obtained when using silica in place of carbon black. The sidewall is a compound rich in natural rubber which needs to have good weathering, tear, abrasion, fatigue, and ozone-induced cracking resistance. Hysteresis improvements cannot be achieved at the expense of resistance to these degradative forces. Initial studies showed that treated silica can deliver reduced hysteresis, but the impact on other key performance properties required further investigation. Results are presented here showing the effect of partially replacing carbon black with treated silica in a sidewall model formulation. Emphasis is placed in reducing hysteresis while maintaining other performance properties.

    Papers from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

    Items from 196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019