Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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Carbon Black Network Breakdown

Gozen  arif omer

Event: 181st Technical Meeting
Location: San Antonio, TX
Date: April 22, 2012
Author: Omer Gozen, Mindaugas Rackaitis and Christopher Robertson
Paper Number:

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  • Understanding the extent of mechanical deformation in filler-based polymeric systems has been of great interest in performance-related tire and non-tire applications. In this study, we have focused our efforts on investigating the network breakdown of reinforcing carbon black by itself and in cured polybutadiene rubber through conductive rheological measurements in a strain-controlled ARES rheometer at different strain levels. According to the analysis of electrical current fluctuations, our results have shown a profound effect that carbon black network exhibits Payne effect without the surrounding polymer matrix. At lower strain levels (0.1 to 0.5%) the current that runs through the carbon black cake displays almost a sinusoidal behavior. Upon an increase in the strain level, the amplitude of the current goes over a maximum similarly as it is observed in a carbon-black-filled polybutadiene rubber. This behavior can be correlated to the breakdown of the carbon black network. Fast Fourier Transform (FTT) analysis shows appearance of multiple frequencies in the current signal that suggests the existence of finite size pieces of network that are broken from the sample and are responsible for higher harmonics. This method can be a useful way to reveal the microscopic behavior of filler particles and particle networks in filled rubber or other similar systems.

    Papers from 181st Technical Meeting

    Items from 181st Technical Meeting