A PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF CARBON BLACK I SILICA I NANOCLAY MASTERBATCH FROM FRESH NATURAL RUBBER LATEX
Event:182nd Technical Meeting Location: Cincinnati, OH Date: October 09, 2012 Author: Sasidharan Krishnan,* Rosamma Alex, James Jacob and Thomas Kurian Paper Number: 5
A process for production of carbon blackfsilicalnanoclay ternary filler masterbatch from fresh natural rubber (NR) latex was standardized. The filler, nano clay at doses varying from 3-10 parts per hundred rubber (phr) along with carbon black and silica at a dose of 25]25 phr was incorporated in fresh NR latex by a modified coagulation process. The coagulum, containing fillers was dried at 70 DC in an air oven to get latex filler masterbatch which was processed further in the conventional way. The compounds prepared from the masterbatch were vulcanized as per standard methods and used for determining mechanical and dynamic properties.The latex mixed with filler dispersions, coagulated immediately on addition of acids. The master batch compounds containing only silicalcarbon black showed higher level of vulcanization as compared to the corresponding dry mixes.The vulcanization level of nanoclay incorporated mixes increased as the content of nanoclay increased. The mechanical properties like tensile strength, modulus, tear strength, abrasion resistance and hardness increased with proportion of nanoclay in the mixes up to 5 phr and with further amount the change was only marginal. The heat build-up values for the tri-filler masterbatches that contained 5 to 10 phr nanoclay was similar to the 25l25 carbon blackfsilica master batch.Lower tan delta values were observed for all the master batches containing nanoclay in the ranges 3-10 phr compared to the control dry mix containing 25]25 carbon blackfsilica, showing better polymer filler interaction. Within the nanoclay containing mixes the lowest tan delta peak height was observed for the ternary mix containing 5 phr nanoclay. The tan delta values at 600C are lower for all the master batches than the dry rubber mix containing 25l25 carbon blackfsilica. The tri-filler system containing 5 phr nanoclay showed the lowest tan delta at 600C and the highest storage modulus within the different ternary filler masterbatches. The improvement in mechanical properties and dynamic properties shown by the silicalcarbon black] nanoclay master batches over the conventional mill mixed compounds was attributed to factors related to filler dispersion and higher level of vulcanization. Better filler dispersion was evidenced from the result of filler dispersion data obtained using Dispersion Analyzer and nanoclay exfoliation observed from X-Ray diffractog rams. Better polymer -filler interaction and good filler dispersion was also revealed from dynamic mechanical analysis.The rubber mixes containing carbon blackfsilica]nanoclay tri-filler system prepared by a modified coagulation process from fresh natural rubber latex has specific beneficial properties over the conventional dry rubber based mixes that can find application in a variety of rubber products and specifically tyres.
By Sasidharan Krishnan, Rosamma Alex, James Jacob, and Thomas Kurian