Cure Kinetics Study of Unfilled and Carbon Black Filled Synthetic Isoprene Rubber
Event:174th Technical Meeting Location: Louisville, KY Date: October 14, 2008 Author: Avraam I. Isayev* and Ximei Sun Paper Number: 91
The reversion type cure kinetic and induction time models were successfully utilized to predict the isothermal and nonisothermal evolution of the state of cure in vulcanization of the unfilled and carbon black (CB)-filled IR compounds measured by APA 2000. The rate constants for the reversion reaction and the formation of the stable and unstable crosslinks and the parameters of the induction time function with the Arrhenius temperature dependences were determined from the isothermal cure measurements. The equation was proposed to adequately describe the measured dependence of the difference between the maximum and minimum torques as a function of isothermal curing temperature. The measured induction time as a function of heating rate and step temperature variation was successfully predicted based on parameters of the isothermal induction time model. Isothermal cure modeling at each curing temperature individually or at all the curing temperatures simultaneously showed the excellent agreement with the experimental data for both curing and reversion. More severe reversion in the CB-filled IR in comparison with the unfilled IR was explained by comparing their reversion rate constants.