Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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184th Technical Meeting

Date: October 08, 2013
Location: Cleveland, OH

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $900.00

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

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Paper# 103 103 s monthey

Designing Modern Process Promoters to Maximize the Performance of Silica Reinforcement in Tires - Part 2

Author: Steven Monthey*, Jon Nienaber, and Dr. Martin Saewe
Abstract: In our first study of this new generation of process promoters for compounds containing high loading of silica, we showed how their unique design improved the processing and maintained the...


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Paper# 117 117 l gooch

Adding Mixing Capability to an Existing Rubber Goods Production Facility: Practical Considerations

Author: Lawrence R. Gooch*
Abstract: The decision to replace all or a portion of purchased compounded rubber with an in-house compounding and mixing facility requires a careful evaluation of several issues. These issues are divided...


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Paper# 77 77 w waddell

The Effect of Pressure Loss under Simulated Driving Conditions:

Author: Walter H. Waddell* and R. Christopher Napier
Abstract: Studies of the relationship between tire pressure and rolling resistance have relied on static testing of inflation pressure loss rates (IPLR). In order to examine the pressure loss and resulting...


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Paper# 5 5 jebbanema  loubna

Aqueous Dispersions of Functionalized Low Molecular Weight Polymers for Rubber Textile Adhesion

Author: Loubna J ebbanema*, William R. Dougherty
Abstract: The use of aqueous dispersions of functionalized low molecular weight polymers for rubber to textile adhesion applications is introduced. Functionalized low molecular weight polymers have...


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Paper# 500 key note address

An Industrial Comparative: Custom Molded Rubber Products

Author: F. J. Walker
Abstract: Keynote Address Key business trends: Industry snapshot, Company by category, Rubber company size by number of employees, Market size by state, Revenue, employment, Import/Export, Future Demand


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Paper# 1 1 n golok

Nano Fly Ash - The Future Workhorse of the Rubber Industry.) A

Author: Golok Bihari Nando, Thomas Paul
Abstract: Fly ash, a waste from the thermal power plants contains mostly silica (58%) and alumina (27%). Attempts have been made to utilize it as reinforcing filler in the rubber industry. Fly ash was...


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Paper# 2 2 c mcafree

Finely Ground Pumice (Natural Amorphous Silica) as a Potential FillerlReinforcement Material for Silicone Elastomers

Author: Carl D. McAfee*, Mike Dulisse
Abstract: This paper evaluates the use of finely ground pumice (natural amorphous silica) as a potential fillerlreinforcement material option for elastomers. A two level, four factor, fractional factorial...


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Paper# 3 3 n hershberger

The Effect of Binding Free Sulfur in Vulcanized Soybean Oil

Author: Nicole Hershberger*
Abstract: The effect that different accelerators have on binding the free sulfur in vulcanized vegetable oil (VVO) to improve long term heat aging properties in a natural rubber (NR) compound were evaluated....


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Paper# 7 7 m myers

Hybrid Aqueous and Solvent Adhesive Systems for Flubber-to-Substrate Bonding

Author: Mason V. Myers* and Brady A. Hultman LORD Corporation
Abstract: New emission, volatile organic compound (VOC), and hazardous air pollutant (HAP) regulations continue to affect the existing primer and adhesive offerings for rubber-to-substrate bonding. These new...


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Paper# 9 9 b carney

Next Generation Adhesives/Elastomers for Modern Engineering Applications

Author: Brian Carney*, James Halladay
Abstract: Challenging high temperature applications in the automotive and oiVgas drilling industries are driving the need for specialty elastomers and adhesives that can withstand these conditions. A variety...


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Paper# 11 11 h salem

Explosive Decompression of Elastomeric Materials in Oil & Gas Sealing Applications

Author: Hamid Salem*, Ray Zonoz, Preston Broom
Abstract: Explosive decompression (ED), also known as rapid gas decompression (RGD), is a phenomenon that occurs in elastomeric parts such as o-rings under high pressure of gases which, when released slowly...


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Paper# 12 12 b stuck

Effect of Different Nitrile Elastomers in Down Hole Drilling Applications With a Review of Testing and Failure Analysis

Author: Bonnie Stuck*, Nicole Hershberger
Abstract: This paper discusses the use of rubber products in oilfield drilling applications and the analysis of their possible failure modes. Background information on the actual rubber products and their...


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Paper# 13 13 r wang

ITACONIC ACID AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR SYNTHESIS RUBBERS

Author: Runguo Wang*, Xinxin Zhou, Weiwei Lei, Hui Yao, Liqun Zhang, Kuo-chih Hua, Joseph Kulig
Abstract: With extensive interest in sustainable development, the chemical industry is making great attempts to replace petrochemical-based monomers with natural ones. It is strategically important to revise...


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Paper# 16 16 z wang

Design, Synthesis and Properties of All-Bio-Based and ProcessabIeEIastomer From Epoxidized Soybean Oil

Author: Zhao Wang, Liqun Zhang*, Xing Zhang
Abstract: A class of processable and all-bio-based elastomers poly (epoxidized soybean oil-co-decamethylene diamine, PESD) were synthesized only from epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) and decamethylene diamine...


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Paper# 17 17 h kang

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-BASED POLYESTER

Author: Hailan Kang*, Bowen Fang, Xiaoran Hu, Liqun Zhang, Jun Ma
Abstract: Polymer synthesis taking advantage of renewable resources over petroleum-based raw materials is indeed a feasible solution to the growing environmental threat and the depletion in fossil feed...


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Paper# 19 19 a benarous

Water based bonding agents.

Author: Aissa Benarous
Abstract: An in depth analysis of the bonding capabilities of water based bonding agents when compared to solvent based systems. This paper outlines the practical application and use of environmentally...


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Paper# 21 21 r vesnin

New Adhesion Promoters Based on Synthetic Resins

Author: Floman Vesnin*, Alexandra Morozova and Anastasia Sheshina
Abstract: The purpose of our work was to obtain promoters which could increase the strength of adhesion between rubber and brass-plated steel cord, comparing them with each other and with known adhesion...


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Paper# 27 27 m galimberti

RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN RUBBER NANOCOMPOSITES

Author: Galimberti Maurizio*
Abstract: This paper discusses rubber nanocomposites prepared via melt blending and based on the following nanofillers: organically modified clays (OC), carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphitic nanofillers made...


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Paper# 28 28 votruba drzal

A Materials Approach to Fuel-Efficient Tires

Author: Peter L. Votruba-Drzal, Raphael Kollah,
Abstract: Presentation Slides. The objective of the PPG project is to design, develop, and demonstrate fuel efficient and safety regulation compliant tire filler and barrier coating technologies that will...


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Paper# 29 29 m jacobsson

Energy Saver BlacksTM - Carbon Blacks Designed to Reduce Compound Hysteresis

Author: Michael J acobsson*, Peter Cameron, Joel Neilsen, Leszek Nikiel, and Wesley Warnpler
Abstract: Chemical modification allows improvement in certain filler properties without a simultaneous negative impact on other competing properties. Energy Saver BlacksTM are chemically modified fillers...


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Paper# 31 31 t okel

Silica Morphology: Beyond the Surface to Expand the ffMagictt Triangle

Author: Timothy A. Okel*, Colin P. McCann
Abstract: Increasing fuel costs, legislation, and public attention encourage the automotive industry to pursue more environmentally friendly tires having improved fuel efficiency, safety, and longevity....


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Paper# 32 32 w dierkes

The interaction of functionalized SBRs with silica and ZnO and its effect on dynamic mechanical properties

Author: S. Maghami, T. V. Tolpekina, S. M. Schultz, W. K. Dierkes*, J. W. M. Noordermeer
Abstract: Since its introduction in 1992, silica has become a widely used filler in passenger tire treads. Compared to carbon black filled compounds, it brings about the benefit of lower rolling resistance...


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Paper# 33 33 j martin

BRINGING INNOVATION TO THE SURFACE: FUNCTIONALIZED SILICAS FOR IMPROVED NATURAL RUBBER TRUCK TIRE VULCANIZATES

Author: Justin J. Martin*, Timothy A. Okel
Abstract: The simultaneous improvement of rolling resistance, wear and traction, known as expanding the tire f"magic'i triangle, requires new approaches to rubber composite development. Precipitated silica...


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Paper# 35 35 d meyer

Blended Elastomer Systems for Specialty Cable Jackets

Author: Daryl Meyer*, Martin Hoch, Joerg Stumbaum
Abstract: Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVM), having vinyl acetate levels from 40 to 90%, is a specialty elastomer that is used in specialty cable jackets with the key features providing oil resistance, high heat...


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Paper# 36 36 z zhu

NOVEL THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANE ELASTOMERS

Author: Zhenya Zhu*, Darren R. Johnson, Eric Cecilio, Phaniraj T. Nagaraj, Gregory B. Szymanski, Ronald O. Rosenberg and Yujie Ding
Abstract: Novel thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) elastomers are developed based on low free (LF) monomer technology. These TPUs are manufactured using prepolymer intermediates in which unreacted free...


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Paper# 37 37 n warasitthinon

Fullerene-Nanocomposites using Hydrogenated Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber

Author: Nuthathai Warasitthinon*, Artee Panwar, Henning Richter, Viktor Vejins, John Dick, Carol Barry, and Joey Mead
Abstract: Nanotechnology provides for new innovations in the rubber industry with the use of novel carbon nanofillers to improve the properties of rubber compounds. Fullerene, a nanoscale filler, has unique...


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Paper# 38 38 e cole

PFE 101 Introduction to Perfluoroelastomers

Author: Ed Cole*
Abstract: Overview of PFE Polymers, inlcuding applications & markets, properties, compounding, mixing, and processing.


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Paper# 39 39 f rouillard

Influence of the Formulation of Elastomers on their Fatigue Properties in Crack Growth

Author: Francois Rouillarda*, Nicolas Flochea and Laurent Perierb
Abstract: Elastomers exhibit complex fracture mechanical properties. The crack growth rate depends on polymers, fillers, curing state... For various applications, elastomeric parts often work under complex...


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Paper# 40 40 e terrill

New Modified Tear Test

Author: Edward R Terrill*
Abstract: Numerous rubber tear tests have been used for rubber evaluations. The various methods include crescent tear (ASTM D624 Die C), notched crescent tear (ASTM D624 Die B), T-peel (ASTM D1876-O1), and...


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Paper# 41 41 d chang

The New Concept in Accelerate the Life Test of

Author: David Chang
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present and share the latest development advance technology of accelerate the life test in rubber testing. With the experiences of developing instruments for our...


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Paper# 42 42 m goodrich

Contributing Factors of Variability Associated with Abrasion Resistance Testing of Conveyor Belt Cover Compounds

Author: Matthew D. Goodrich*
Abstract: Abrasion testing has become a permanent fixture in the laboratories of many companies throughout the rubber industry. Regardless of the method employed, the underlying principle involves the...


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Paper# 43 43 m huang

Test for Evaluating Extrusion Resistance under High Strain for Drilling Applications

Author: Ming Yu Huang* and Calvin D. Crowdis
Abstract: Elastomer extrusion under pressure is a significant concern in oil and gas industries where elastomer materials are used for sealing applications. This paper presents a laboratory test designed to...


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Paper# 44 44 m roland

Reentanglement Kinetics in Polyisobutylene

Author: D. Roy and C.M. Roland*
Abstract: The rheological properties of a polyisobutylene (IM) having a molecular weight five times the entanglement molecular weight were measured, along with interrupted shear flow experiments to quantify...


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Paper# 54 54 e cichomski

STRUCTURAL INFLUENCES OF SILANE COUPLING AGENTS ON THE DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF A SBR/SILICA COMPOUND

Author: E. Cichomski*, T.V. Tolpekina, S. Schultz, W.K. Dierkes, J Noordermeer
Abstract: The elastomer compound used for tire treads is a composite material of which the dynamic properties can be adjusted over a relatively broad range by modification of the polymer-filler interaction....


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Paper# 55 55 l gatti

Interaction of Silica Types with Other Compounding Ingredients for Modifying Viscoelastic Properties in Tread Compound Design

Author: Louis F. Gatti*
Abstract: The changes in dynamic and physical properties of a fuel efficient, high performance, SSBR compound are evaluated in a partial factorial DOE experiment. This is done to develop a priority for the...


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Paper# 56 56 n vleugels

Influence of oligomeric resins on traction and rolling resistance of silica tire treads

Author: N. Vleugels*, W. Pille-Wolf, W.K. Dierkes, J. W. M. Noordermeer
Abstract: This study concerns the silica-reinforcement of synthetic rubber compounds for passenger tire treads with the objective to gain insight into the beneficial effects of oligomeric resins, derived...


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Paper# 57 57 c hardiman

Emulsil (TM) Silica Masterbatch -Answering the Challenge of Silica Mixing

Author: Christopher Hardiman*, Howard Colvin,
Abstract: The use of silica in tire products is expanding due to its superior performance in rolling resistance, treadwear and wet traction. Global tire labeling initiatives along with increased consumer...


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Paper# 58 58 t carvagno

PERFORMANCE RESINS IN TIRE COMPOUNDING

Author: Terri R. Carvagno*, Antoinette van Bennekom, Soumendra K. Basu, Gert-Jan van Ruler
Abstract: When it comes to performance, not all resins are equal. With increasing global tire regulations, tire companies are developing new solutions to enhance tire tread performance. Although resins have...


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Paper# 59 59 j kim

Improvement of Wet Traction Without Sacrificing Rolling Resistance by Employing Organic Sulfur Vulcanizer for Solution SBR and Silica Based Tire

Author: Jinhwan Kim
Abstract: In order to improve wet traction of the tire based on a solution SBR (S-SBR) and silica, an organic sulfur vulcanizer was synthesized by reacting inorganic sulfur with cardanol compound. The...


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Paper# 60 60 y xu

Kinetics behavior of butadiene/Isoprene/Styrene polymerization with tin-containing organolithium as initiator

Author: Yibing Xu, Lin Xu, Guozhu Yu, Chuanqing Li, Hongde Xu, Shuliang Han
Abstract: A novel tin-functionalized integrated rubber of butadiene-isoprene-styrene tri-copolymer (SIBR) was prepared with self-made tin-containing organolithium (SnLi) as initiator, cyclohexane as solvent...


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Paper# 61 61 c tolliver

Identifying Important Variables in Compression Set Testing

Author: Chris Tolliver* and David Clark
Abstract: A commonly practiced compression set test within the rubber industry is ASTM D395 Method B. This method can be very descriptive in some guidelines, like a 0.250 um maximum plate roughness. However,...


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Paper# 62 62 e heinig

Incorporating Compressive Stress Relaxation into the Compound Development Process

Author: Edine M. Heinig* and Lindsey M. Servin
Abstract: Compressive stress relaxation (CSR) is gaining momentum as a test of compound suitability particularly in the automotive and off-road equipment sectors. Although sometimes viewed as a glorified...


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Paper# 63 63 p tuckner

Compression Stress Relaxation Testing: Testing Approaches, Configurations and Modeling

Author: Paul Tuckner*
Abstract: This paper will expand on some of the testing performed in a previous paper presented in 2012 at the ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting called "A Parametric Evaluation of Hardness, Compression Set...


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Paper# 64 64 f rouillard

Viscoelastic Characterization at Low Temperature of HNBR Rubber for Sealing Applications

Author: Francois Rouillard*, Patrick Heuillet and Benoit Omnes
Abstract: Rubber compounds exhibit non linear viscoelastic mechanical behavior, stress-strain response strongly depends on time and temperature parameters. For many applications and mainly sealing ones,...


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Paper# 65 65 k varnhorn

A new Polychloroprene polymer for improved curing with 3-Methyl-thiazolidine-thione-2 (MTT)

Author: Kay Varnhorn*
Abstract: This paper presents the new Baypren GF M020 VP, an elastomer with excellent cure behavior when used with MTT and also improved resulting mechanical properties. The vulcanization of Polychloroprene...


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Paper# 67 67 r ziebell %281%29

PROCESS ENHANCEMENTS THROUGH RHEOLOGY FOR A NEW GENERATION OF

Author: Rick Ziebell*, Christopher Windiate
Abstract: Silicone elastomers encompass a broad range of synthetic rubber applications and having been in existence for nearly 70 years, fabricators and end-users alike have sought to exploit the range of...


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Paper# 68 68 h zhang

Rheology Characterization of UV Curable Silicone Elastomers

Author: Huiping Zhang*, Mary Krenceski, Beate Ganter
Abstract: Vulcanization using UV light makes it possible for command cure of silicone rubbers. It combines fast cure with long work life, two counter-intuitive properties for most heat-cured or...


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Paper# 69 69 j dick

APPLICATIONS FOR THE RPA ENHANCED DYNAMIC RANGE IN MEASURING SILANIZATION REACTIONS FROM THE MIXING OF SILICA- LOADED STOCKS

Author: John 8. Dick* and Edward Norton
Abstract: With the introduction of silica into tire treads in the 1990s, the use of organo-silanes also greatly increased as well in order to achieve the needed improvements in tire rolling resistance. To...


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Paper# 71 71 k fukutani

Numerical Study on Distributive Mixing Characteristics in a Partially Filled Internal

Author: Kazuhisa Fukutani*, Kousuke Higashi, Sayaka Yamada
Abstract: Three-dimensional flow simulation had been carried out to investigate distributive mixing in partially-filled tangential internal batch mixers. The chamber of the mixer was assumed to be partially...


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Paper# 72 72 harishkumar

Advanced Dispersion Techniques of CNTS for High Performance Elastomers

Author: Chougule Harishkumar* and Robert H. Schuster
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered as very promising nanomaterials for polymeric nanocomposites because of both the efficiency and the high conductivity. In order to overcome difficulties...


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Paper# 74 74 h pawlowski

Optimizing the Filler Dispersion from a Rubber Mixer Using a DMA and Optical Methods

Author: Henry PawIowski* and Dean Chamis
Abstract: In the last two decades, Dynamic Mechanical methods have been used to thoroughly analyze filled compounds. Typically, these methods have used strain sweeps on both the uncured and cured states to...


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Paper# 75 75 g buytaert

Less is More, also in Steel Cord

Author: Guy Buytaert*, Dr. Yiwen Luo
Abstract: Bekaert has developed a new metallic coating for steel cord, that allows cobalt salts to be removed from tires, making tires more durable and eco-friendly. With a Cu-Zn-Co ternary alloy coating,...


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Paper# 76 76 j popio

Development of New Test Protocols to Study Tire Rolling Resistance using Simulated Driving Conditions

Author: James A. Popio*, Douglas Rice and Madhura Rajapakshe
Abstract: Surveys have shown that a majority of passenger vehicle tires do not receive proper inflation pressure maintenance. It is estimated that the increased rolling resistance due to underinflated light...


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Paper# 78 78 l evans

The Effect of Tread Loss on Tire Rolling Resistance

Author: Larry R. Evans*
Abstract: Six tires with known inflation pressure loss rates (IPLR) by ASTM F1112 (static) and ISO 28580 rolling resistance (RRC) values were selected in order to develop a dynamic IPLR value obtained during...


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Paper# 80 80 b jiang

Nonlinear Dynamic Modeling of Elastomer with Langevin-chain Spring and Newtonian Dashpot

Author: By Bing Jiang*
Abstract: This paper developed a simple material model in which the classical Kelvin-Voigt model is modified by the Langevin-chain spring and the Newtonian dashpot. The full range of the force-deformation...


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Paper# 81 81 g wu

CORRELATION BETWEEN BLADE ABRASION AND REAL ROAD WEAR TESTING

Author: Guangchang Wu*, Alan Thomas, James Busfield
Abstract: In the last fifty years, the mechanisms of rubber abrasion have been studied by a large number of different researchers. Even though the exact mechanism is still not clear, there is a general...


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Paper# 83 83 l tunnicliffe

MECHANISMS OF PARTICULATE REINFORCEMENT OF RUBBERS AT SMALL STRAINS

Author: By Lewis B Tunnicliffe, Alan G Thomas, and James J C Busfield
Abstract: Understanding the reinforcement of rubber by particulate fillers has posed a challenge to academics and industrialists for many years. Whilst the stiffening of rubbers by rigid particulates is...


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Paper# 84 84 e terrill

Modulus-Fatigue Resistance of Silica-filled Tire Tread Formulations

Author: By Edward R Terrill*, Helen C. Terrill, and James T. Lewis
Abstract: A modulus fatigue test method was found to be useful for ranking fatigue resistance (damage resistance) of tread compounds. This test method has been reported by Beijing University of Chemical...


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Paper# 85 85 j martens

TIME DOMAIN LOW FIELD NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE FOR INVESTIGATING SILANE COUPLING IN A SILICA FILLED SBR MODEL TREAD COMPOUND

Author: By Jonathan E. Martens*, Edward R. Terrill, and James T. Lewis
Abstract: Time domain low field proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) was used to investigate the effect of silane coupling level in a model silica filled solution styrene- butadiene (SBR) rubber tire...


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Paper# 86 86 j noordermeer

MORPHOLOGY OF SILICA REINFORCED NATURAL RUBBER: THE EFFECT OF SILANE COUPLING AGENT

Author: S. Salina Sarkawi, Wilma K. Dierkesl, Jacques W.M. Noordermeer*
Abstract: A good dispersion of silica in a rubber vulcanizate is important as it influences the filler-to-rubber interaction and consequently the final properties. This paper presents an investigation into...


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Paper# 87 87 j walker

Effects of Polymer Structure & Type on Resistance to Methanol containing Fuels

Author: F .J. Walker*
Abstract: Europe and the United States use conventional gasoline and/or gasoline with ethanol. The uses of methanol blended fuels for automobiles are prevalent in China. This provides challenges and...


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Paper# 88 88 d clark

Differences in Commercial Motor Oils and the Effects on Sealing Materials

Author: David Clark
Abstract: Sealing materials are tested and validated in Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) factory fill motor oils. However, the consumer may not continue to use the recommended motor oil in favor of...


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Paper# 89 89 y aoyagi

The Analysis of FKM rubber for oil seal in Automotive

Author: Yuichi Aoyagi*, H. Sano
Abstract: The environment of shaft seals which is used at an enginels rear side is particularly severe, and thus FKM rubber is used because of its high heat resistance. It is important to precisely quantify...


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Paper# 91 91 j means

Chemlok Adhesive Systems for Bonding Lightweight Substrates

Author: By Jeffrey D. Means*, Gregory J. Facchine and Tejbans S. Kohli
Abstract: Lightweight substrates, specifically engineered thermoplastics, are becoming more prevalent for industrial, aerospace, and automotive rubber-to-substrate bonding applications. Most target...


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Paper# 92 92 f fraser

Use of Crosslink Density Measurements to Assess Heat History in Molded Rubber Parts

Author: Fred Fraser* and Ryan Fleming
Abstract: There is a question asked repeatedly in the analysis of rubber, especially of a part returned from the field: "has the rubber decomposed?" or "is the rubber viable?". If the rubber piece is from a...


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Paper# 93 93 m van duin

Zeolite activation of resol curing of EPDM in thermoset and dynamic vulcanisation

Author: Martin van Duin*, Philip Hough
Abstract: Sulfur vulcanisation and peroxide curing are the main cross-linking technologies for EPDM rubber. Resol curing is the ffwork horsell for the dynamic vulcanisation of EPDMlPP-based thermoplastic...


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Paper# 94 94 p dluzneski

Scorch Protection Technology for Peroxide Curing of Elastomers

Author: Peter Dluzneski* and Leonard Palys
Abstract: Peroxides can be used to crosslink a wide variety of elastomers and plastics including totally saturated polymers that are not curable by other means. In selecting the appropriate peroxide to use...


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Paper# 96 96 p engel

The Practical Impact of the America Invents Act on Research and Development in Industry

Author: Paul Engel
Abstract: Discusses in impact of The America Invents Act (AIA) was signed into law on September 16, 2011. From an industry perspective, the AIA necessarily changes IP strategy. In fact, tried and true...


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Paper# 97 97 j ward

YOU HAVE A PATENT: MARKING YOUR PATENTED PRODUCTS UNDER THE AMERICA INVENTS ACT.

Author: Jacob M. Ward*
Abstract: The Leahy-Smith America lnvents Act (AIA), which became fully effective on March 16, 2013, represented the first major overhaul of U.S. patent law in over 60 years. Among the important changes in...


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Paper# 98 98 u giese

Systematic investigations into devulcanization of used rubber materials by means of model vulcanization

Author: Ulrich Giese*, Mareike Hess
Abstract: Concerning sustainability, economical aspects and the limited raw material resources effective devul- canization processes are the best choice for the recycling of used sulfur crosslinked rubber...


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Paper# 99 99 w dierkes

Thermo-chemical de-vulcanization of sulfur-vulcanized SBR

Author: S. Saiwari, W.K. Dierkes* and J.W.M. Noordermeer
Abstract: Ground tire rubber (GTR) from whole passenger car tires is composed of several types of rubbers and fillers, making de-vulcanization of this material rather complicated. The most critical component...


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Paper# 100 100 j tardiff

Evaluation of Recycled Rubber Material in Automotive Rubber Formulations

Author: Janice L. Tardiff*, Peter Rohweder, Cynthia M. Flanigan, Madeline Harper
Abstract: The automotive industry uses a significant amount of rubber and is in a unique position to incorporate recycled tire materials into a range of vehicle parts, which would divert large amounts of...


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Paper# 101 101 a s wang

De-Vulcanized Tire Rubber Asphalt Additive

Author: Wang Shifeng*, Punith V. Shivaprasad, Hari Chandra, Chandrasekaran R. Pillai
Abstract: Our previous efforts were directed towards producing a De-Vulcanized Tire Rubber (DVTR) suitable for modifying asphalt for use in sealants and roofing materials. Our present work, however, has...


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Paper# 105 105 k bates

MIssing Paper

Author:
Abstract:


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Paper# 106 106 m hoffmann

The Influence of Process Oils on the Properties of Tire Tread Compounds Based on Functionalized SSBR

Author: By Markus Hoffmann*, Isabella Joelsson Fiahmn and Kamyar Alavi
Abstract: One of the challenges of the automotive industry is to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicle park, without compromising on the safety aspects or the driving experience. This is also...


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Paper# 108 108 b rodgers

The Vulcanization System For Bromobutyl Based Tire lnnerliner Compounds

Author: Brendan Rodgers*, Bernard D'Cruz
Abstract: The halobutyl innerliner compound used in radial tires has a typical vulcanization system consisting ofzinc oxide, stearic acid, sulfur, and 2-bis-benzothiazole-2,2-disultide (MBTS). Such...


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Paper# 109 109 l goss

Review of cure systems for high performance rubberappncahons

Author: Leo C. Goss Jr.*, Martin Sawe
Abstract: Increasing constraints in space and engine compartment temperature have placed increased demands in thermal and chemical resistance of many under the hood polymers. Increased influence from...


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Paper# 110 110 i yarzabal

Innovant solution ETU replacement in CR and EPDM compound

Author: Isabelle YARZABAL
Abstract: Missing Paper


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Paper# 111 111 e mcbride

Advancements in AEM Polymers for Improved Processing and Improved Properties

Author: Edward McBride, Theresa Dobel
Abstract: There have been a series of developments for AEM polymers that have led to compounds with better processability andlor better cured physical properties. For some injection molded compounds the...


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Paper# 112 112 c li pi shan

Development of High Mooney Viscosity, Homogeneous Long-chain Branched EPDM

Author: Li Pi Shan, Colin; Clayfield, Tim; Den Doelder, Jaap
Abstract: The design of EPDM for sponge bulb profiles is the most demanding of all applications in automotive weatherstrip. The dynamic sealing characteristics of the profile provides NVH dampening and...


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Paper# 113 113 e boras

Closslinking of Carboxylated Nitrile Rubbers with Resol Resins

Author: Eric Boras* and Dr. Hans Magg
Abstract: The traditional markets for technical rubber products made of carboxylated nitrile rubber (XNBR), a terpolymer containing butadiene, acrylonitrile and unsaturated carboxylic acid, are industrial...


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Paper# 114 114 e casserly

The Global Presence of Heavy Naphthenics as Extender Oils

Author: Edward Casserly*
Abstract: Petroleum refining technology has improved over the decades, especially in the last 40 years, leading to higher quality mineral oils. In the first half of the 20th century, simple refining...


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Paper# 115 115 l guy

HIGH PERFORMANCE SILICAS REINFORCED ELASTOMERS: A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE INTERFACE NATURE TO IMPROVE BALANCE BETWEEN HYSTERESIS AND REINFORCEMENT

Author: Laurent Guy *, Alain Monton, Philippe Jost, Stephane Goyard, Soline De Cayeux
Abstract: Zeosil 1165MP was launched 20 years ago and has progressively become the global standard for full silica tire tread technology, used in the production of fuel efficient green tires. In many zones,...


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Paper# 116 116 r kushida

Effects of mixing history on the secondary structure of fillers and the mechanical properties of silica filled rubber composites

Author: Rinko Kushida*, Yoshiko Kijima and Fumito Yatsuyanagi
Abstract: The modification of rubber with filler in the mixing process results in formation of bound rubber defined as insoluble portion in the composite by solvent. The bound rubber formed in silica filled...


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Paper# 118 118 d tucker

Optimization of Modulated DSC Analysis for Rubber Compounds

Author: D. M. Tucker PhD*, R. A. Webb, Y. Fayman and A. G. Olsen
Abstract: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is commonly used to characterize the thermal properties of materials such as rubbers and plastics. The typical conventional DSC analysis is done using a...


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Paper# 119 119 n singha

Grafting of Poly(meth)Ac1ylate On Polyolefinic Elastomers Via Controlled Radical Polymerization

Author: Dhruba J. Haloi, Kinsuk Naskar, Nikhil K. Singha*
Abstract: Being non-polar in nature polyolefinic elastomers (POE) have poor compatibility towards polar fillers and polar polymers. They have also poor resistance to oils and fuels. Their bond-ability...


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Paper# C-11 C 11 l slutzky

Type IV Hypoallergenic Natural Rubber Thin Films: Multivariate Comparative Analysis of Ultra-low Protein Hevea Latex vs. Circumallergenic Guayule Latex

Author: J. Lauren Slutzky*, Alfred Soboyejo, and Katrina Cornish
Abstract: Student Colloquium Natural rubber latex from the Brazilian rubber tree, Hevea bmsiliensis, is commonly used for thin film barrier applications in products such as condoms, medical gloves, and...


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Paper# C-3 C 3 s birkar

Injection molding of thermoplastic elastomers for microstructured substrates

Author: Srnita Birkar*, Joey Mead and Carol Barry
Abstract: Previous work has shown that the hardness of thermoplastic elastomers significantly influences the replication of surface micro features injection molded using positive tooling (i.e., projections)....


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Paper# C-5 C 5 j che

New Insights into Strain-Induced Crystallization and Temperature-Induced Crystallization of Un-Vulcanized and Peroxide-Vulcanized Natural Rubber

Author: Justin Che*, Christian Burger, Shigeyuki Toki, Lixia Rong, Benjamin S. Hsiao
Abstract: New insights into the strain-induced crystallization (SIC) and temperature-induced crystallization (TIC) of un-Vulcanized natural rubber (NR) and peroxide Vulcanized natural rubber (PVNR) have been...


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Paper# C-6 C 6 y sun

Tear of Carbon Black-Filled Natural Rubber Vulcanizate Cured with Dicumyl Peroxide

Author: Yu Sun*, Yanxiao Li, Zhenpeng Li and Gary R. Hamed
Abstract: The strength of rubber cured with dicumyl peroxide (DCP) has been studied previously. 1 First, a brief introduction of fracture mechanics and peroxide vulcanization basics will be discussed. An...


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Paper# C-7 C 7 k bahl

Lignin - Carbon Black Hybrid Fillers Towards Development of Energy Efficient Rubber Compounds

Author: Kushal Bahl, Sadhan C.Jana
Abstract: Student Colloquiem


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Paper# C-8 C 8 s singh

DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH TEMPERATURE INSULATION COMPOUND

Author: Sangita Singh*, P.K.Guchhait, N.K.Singha and T.K.Chaki
Abstract: Student Colloquium Elastomers are extensively used in thermal insulation system. Among different elastomers, EPDM has interesting properties, such as excellent resistance to ageing and oxidative...


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Paper# C-9 C 9 s mohapatra

Exploring the Possibility of Cardanol-g-Natural Rubber as a Substitute to Aromatic Oil Plasticizer in Natural Rubber

Author: Sunita Mohapatra* , Golok B Nando
Abstract: Student Colloquium The use of aromatic oil as a plasticizer in the rubber industry which pervades for more than a century is now limited due to its carcinogenic effect because of the presence of...


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Paper# P--1 P 1 j scavuzzo

Elastomers Physically Cross-Linked By Oligo(B-Alanine)

Author: Joseph J. Scavuzzot, Li Jiat
Abstract: Student Poster: If an elastomeric polymer were capped on both ends with oligo(β-Alanine), could thermoplastic elastomer like properties be obtained, and would the secondary structure of the...


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Paper# P-10 P 10 y sun

EFFECT OF CARBON BLACK AND GRAPHENE ON THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIORS OF ICUM L PEROXIDE DCP CURED RUBBER VULCANIZATE

Author: Yu Sun, Zhenpeng Li, Aozhen Xie, Yu Zhu*, Gary R Hamed
Abstract: Student Poster


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Paper# P-11 P 11 a charif

A Piezoelectric Thermoplastic Elastomer Containing a Bent-core Liquid

Author: Andrea C. Charif, Judit E. Puskas, Antal Jakli And Nicholas Diorio
Abstract: Student Poster: Liquid crystal Polymer composites combine the mechanical properties and easy processability of polymeric materials and the optical and electrical properties of liquid crystals...


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Paper# P-12 P 12 m yang

Effect of Sample Geometry on the Fracture of Natural Rubber Vulcanizates

Author: Ming-Hang Yang and Gary R. Hamed
Abstract: Student Poster


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Paper# P-2 P 2 m de jesus vega

Rheological Behavior in Highly Filled SBR-Carbon Nanotube Composites Using a Moving Die Rubber Process Analyzer

Author: Marisely De Jesus Vega*, John Shearer, Artee Panwar, Carol Barry, Joey Mead, John Dick
Abstract: Student Poster: The dynamic properties of silica-filled SBR carbon nanotube composites were investigated using a rubber process analyzer. Both the Payne and Mullins effects were studied using this...


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Paper# P-3 P 3 y chen

Carbon Nanotube/Silica Composite for Natural Rubber Reinforcement

Author: Yusheng Chen, Yi Pang
Abstract: Student Poster: Herein, we reported a new method to produce novel nanotube/silica composite. Comparing with normal silica and simply add nantoube, this nanotube/silica composite exhibit a great...


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Paper# P-4 P 4 w peng

Abrasion Properties of HNBR/Fullerene Nanocomposites

Author: Weilin Peng, Nuthathai Warasitthinon, Artee Panwar, John Shearer, Viktor Vejins, Carol Barry, Joey Mead
Abstract: Student Poster: Abrasion properties of rubber are important for applications in automobiles, sealing, and shoe soles. Nanofillers, such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and fullerenes...


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Paper# P-5 P 5 m xie

Mechanical properties of Nitrile Rubber reinforced with Carbon Black and Nano-cellulose

Author: Minne Xie, Nuthathai Wa asitthinon, Artee Panwar, John Shearer, Carol Barry, Joey Mead
Abstract: Student Poster: Nanocellulose is a novel lightweight and strong nanofiller. These properties lend the filler to use in a variety of applications. In this work, nanocellulose was added into a carbon...


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Paper# P-6 P 6  gonzalez

Recycling Rubber Flash

Author: Gabriel Gonzalez
Abstract: Student Poster: 60 billion pounds of rubber is used each year globally in the rubber industry. Most is used in tires, the remaining is used in many applications such as molded, extruded, and...


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Paper# P-7 P 7  gergely

Novel Filler Reinforced Polyisobutylene-based Thermoplastic Elastomers

Author: Attila L. Gergely*, Judit E. Puskas and Gabor Kaszas
Abstract: Student Poster: Recently we reported a new class of twophase living carbocationic polymerization.4,5 Specifically, the copolymerization of IB and Allo showed living character up to ~6 minutes or...


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Paper# P-8 P 8 a alvarez

Modular Surface Functionalization Of Polyisobutylene-Based Thermoplastic Elastomers.

Author: Alejandra Alvarez , Judit E. Puskas, Lingyun Liu
Abstract: Student Poster: Report on efforts to vary surface chemistry and topology of polyisobutylene-based biomaterials using a modular approach.


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Paper# P-9 P 9  castano

Green Polymer Chemistry: Synthesis of poly(isobutylene-b- -caprolactone) using enzyme catalysis

Author: Marcela Castano, Alejandra Alvarez, Matthew L. Becker, Judit E. Puskas
Abstract: Student Poster: The synthesis of a poly(isobutylene-b-8-caprolactone) block copolymer was accomplished by the combination of living cationic polymerization of isobutylene (IB) with the ring-opening...


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