Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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165th Technical Meeting

Date: May 17, 2004
Location: Grand Rapids, MI

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $555.00

200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

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Paper# 13 13

Accelerated Aging Of Tires, Part II

Author: John M. Baldwin*, David R. Bauer, Kevin R. Ellwood
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to determine the conditions whereby a new tire can be artificially aged in an accelerated manner, in order to duplicate the actual mechanism of chemical aging...


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Paper# 4

Calculation Methods for Spherical Elastomer Bearings

Author:
Abstract: This paper describes the mathematical treatment of the response of a spherical elastomeric bearing to a single axial force. It gives the mathematical equations to produce pad bulge shear strains...


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Paper# D

* speaker

Author:
Abstract: The worldwide capacity for all synthetic elastomers is about 15,000 kilotons per year and is comparable to natural rubber, which is estimated to be 17,000 kilotons per year. These are estimated...


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Paper# Xviii

Keltan Great Grades

Author:
Abstract: Recently, DSM Elastomers has optimised its Keltan grade slate striving for the broadest covering of all EPDM applications with best-in-class products. The optimisation of the "Great Grade Slate"...


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Paper# Xvi

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Copolymers: The Forgotten Rubber

Author:
Abstract: Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers (EVM) are special purpose rubbers possessing many important and interesting properties. Only the EVM copolymers containing between 40 and 80 weight % vinyl acetate...


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Paper# F

Elastomers for Shoe Applications

Author:
Abstract: This paper covers various elasiomerlc materials used in the manufacture of footwear. There are numerous categories of shoes: casual, athletic, safety, etc. Each type has different performance...


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Paper# G

APPLICATIONS - POWER TRANSMISSION PRODUCTS

Author:
Abstract: Power transmission products, a major business unit of industrial rubber products, provides a good example of the evolution of product design and construction to satisfy performance and cost...


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Paper# Xi

60, rue Auber Vitry-sur-Seine, France

Author:
Abstract: Fourier transform (FT) rheometry was used to investigate the non-linear viscoelastic behavior of a series of carbon black filled rubber compounds, with various filler levels. Using a purposely...


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Paper# 26

IMPROVED HYSTERSIS IN TRUCK TREAD COMPOUNDS BY USING ARAMID SHORT FIBERS

Author:
Abstract: The preparation of an intricate engineering component can be accomplished by using aramid short fibers as the reinforcing medium of an elastomer, especially tread compounds with a target to improve...


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Paper# 24a

Effect of Carbon Black on Properties of Rubber Nanocomposites

Author:
Abstract: Polymer based nanocomposites were prepared using brominated poly (isobutylene -co- paramethyl styrene) (BIMS) rubber and octadecyl amine modified montmorillonite nanoclay. The effect of nature and...


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Paper# 1

Simplifying the Thermal Analysis of A Rolling Tire with the Deformation Index Method

Author:
Abstract: Tire operating temperature is one of the most important factors for tire durability and failure. This is because the tire temperature affects both the strength and degradation of tire components....


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Paper# 2

Effects of Nitrogen Inflation on Tire Aging and

Author:
Abstract: There has been a substantial amount of interest in N2 inflation of tires over the years. N2tire inflation is used in the aerospace and racing industries and is beginning to make inroads into the...


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Paper# 22

Use of High Molecular Weight EPDM in Blends to Enhance Properties

Author:
Abstract: Significant developments in gas-phase process polymerization and manufacturing technology by DuPont Dow Elastomers have led to new and useful high molecular weight, Mw, (or high Mooney viscosity)...


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Paper# C

Fundamentals of Thermoplastic Elastomers Produced by

Author:
Abstract: Conventional thermoplastic elastomers are microphase separated block copolymers of varied architecture. Thermoplastic elastomers produced by dynam vulcanization (thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs))...


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Paper# 5

Fatigue Crack Growth and Tearing Energy

Author:
Abstract: noting the stepeby-step change in critical assumptions defining tearing energy and the consequent changes in its meaning when applied to correlating fatigue crack growth. Frequently used shortcut...


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Paper# 6

E-mail: GurvicMR@utrc.utc.com

Author:
Abstract: Analysis of complex structures is often based on multi-scale modeling, where effective properties of certain sub-structures are used instead of actual properties of smaller components. Laminated...


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Paper# 8

SEM STUDY OF DEFORMATION AND FAILURE MECHANISMS IN STRAINED ELASTOMERS

Author:
Abstract: By C. T. Liu* AFRLIPRSM 10 E. Saturn Blvd. Edwards AFB CA 93524-7680 T. W. Hawkins & A. Brand AFRLIPRSP 10 E. Saturn Blvd. Edwards AFB CA 93524-7680 Fu-Pen Chiang Department of Mechanical...


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Paper# 9

ANALYSIS OF FATIGUE LIFE UNDER COMPLEX LOADING: REVISITING CADWELL, MERILL, SLOMAN, AND YOST

Author:
Abstract: An early study by Cadwell, Merrill, Sloman, and Yost reports fatigue lives under several combinations of static axial load and cyclic simple shear. The results have practical importance because...


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Paper# 19

The Need For Low Lead Wire and Cable Compounds

Author:
Abstract: There has been an increasing global trend in the wire and cable industry to restrict and remove the presence of lead in materials used for insulation and jacketing applications. This paper will...


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Paper# 11

Application of Modulus Profiling to Understand Aging in Rubber and Plastic Components

Author:
Abstract: A series of controlled aging experiments (laboratory and service) were conducted on a variety of rubber and plastic components. After laboratory and service aging conditions, we studied the modulus...


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Paper# A

Natural Rubber

Author:
Abstract: Total global rubber consumption in 2003 was approximately 19.6 million metric tons of which 8.1 million tons were natural rubber and the remaining was synthetic rubber. Natural rubber is therefore...


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Paper# 13a

May 17-19, 2004 Rubber Division, AC8

Author:
Abstract: caused by a tire puncture. Most cars, light trucks and heavy truckslbuses are equipped with spare tires, which give temporary mobility for traveling to service stations where punctured tires are...


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Paper# 20

UV-Cure Flame-Retardant Buffer Resins for Fiber Optic Cables

Author:
Abstract: Fiber optic cables are of increasing importance for local area networks, and residential applications. Flame retardant UV-cure materials have shown promise for the manufacture of tight-buffer...


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Paper# 15

DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF LOW VOLTAGE EPR

Author:
Abstract: Ethylene propylene copolymers and terpolymers (EPR) have been traditionally used in both medium voltage and low voltage insulation compounds. Performance attributes such as long service life (30...


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Paper# 16

ZINC 2-MERCAPTOTOLUIMIDAZOLE WITH OTHER ANTIOXIDANTS IN WIRE & CABLE COMPOUNDS

Author:
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to observe the synergies of Zinc 2-Mercaptotoluimidazole with other antioxidants in an EPDM wire cover compound cured with three different peroxide systems. We...


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Paper# 18

THE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF METALLOCENE EPDM FOR WIRE AND CABLE APPLICATIONS

Author:
Abstract: New regulations have led to the need for non-lead compounds to be used in wire and cable applications. There are two approaches for lead free EPDM wire and cable compounds. One is to find...


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Paper# 10

Structural Evolution and Mechanical Properties in New TPE during

Author:
Abstract: Shigeyuki Toki1*, Igors Sicsl, Chris Burgerl, Dufei Fangl, Benjamin S. Hsiaol, Andy H. Tsou2 and Sudhin Dattaz 1Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook Stony Brook, NY...


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Paper# 3 3

NON-LINEAR DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF RUBBER COMPOUNDS: STA TIC PRE-S T RAIN AND TIME DEPENDEN T EFFECTS

Author: T. RICCO, G. RAMORINO *, D. VETTURI AND A. MAGALINI
Abstract: In many applications the overall performance of rubber components is governed by the dynamic behavior of the material of which they are constituted. For instance, the dynamic behavior of the...


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Paper# 14 14

OVERVIEW OF INSULATING MATERIALS FOR INDUSTRIAL WIRE AND CABLE PRODUCTS - APPLICATIONS, REQUIREMENTS, AND APPROVAL PROCESS

Author: Matt Breen* and Vipin M. Kothari
Abstract: This paper describes various industrial wire and cable products. It discusses the selection of the insulating materials to cover the conductors, taking into consideration the requirements of...


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Paper# 21 21

Hi-tech fluoro polymers, now used in increasing volume production, gain important benefit from hi-tech process additives

Author: Joachim Bertrand
Abstract: Steadily increasing requests from many industries regarding technical the performance of a rubber part in meeting severe technical specifications and official regulations has an important influence...


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Paper# 23 23

Tear Resistance of Black-Filled Natural Rubber

Author: G. R. Hamed* and B. Adamu
Abstract: We have published extensively on cut growth in edge-cut tensile specimens pulled at constant rate. Highly crosslinked, amorphous rubbers fracture simply. A crack initiates from a cut tip and...


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Paper# 25 25

HOMOGENIZING RESINS HOW DO THEY IMPROVE YOUR POLYMER BLENDS

Author: Karl Menting* and Manfred Hensel
Abstract: Homogenizing resins are multifunctional processing additives. They are widely used both for tires and mechanical goods. Their main purpose is to improve the blending of non compatible polymers by...


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Paper# B. B

Novel Elastomers for Tire Applications

Author: Adel F. Halasa and W. L. Hsu
Abstract:


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Paper# E E

ISOBUTYLENE-BASED ELASTOMERS

Author: Andy H. Tsou* and Walter H. Waddell
Abstract: lsobutylene polymers of commercial importance include homopolymers and copolymers containing small amounts of isoprene or p-methylstyrene. They are produced by carbocationic polymerization of...


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Paper# H. Education Symposium H

TIRE APPLICATIONS OF ELASTOMERS. 1: TREADS

Author: M. Brendan Rodgers*, Donald S. Tracey, and Walter H. Waddell
Abstract: Education Symposium, Paper H: Tires are among the most complex composite products in mass production. Classification oftires (i.e. passenger, truck, off road, etc), the associated nomenclature,...


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Paper# I. Education Symposium I

TIRE APPLICATIONS OF ELASTOMERS. 2: CASING

Author: Walter H. Waddell* and M. Brendan Rodgers
Abstract: The construction of a tire casing influences a variety of performance parameters such as vehicle stability, durability, and retreadability in the case of commercial tires. The capability of a...


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Paper# J. Education Symposium J

TIRE APPLICATIONS OF ELASTOMERS. 3: INNERLINERS

Author: Walter H. Waddell* and M. Brendan Rodgers
Abstract: The TREAD Act (Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation Act) is having a major impact on the tire industry. The innerliner plays a critical role in maintaining tire...


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