Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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163rd Technical Meeting

Date: April 28, 2003
Location: San Francisco, CA

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $575.00

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

192nd Technical Meeting - 2017 Fall

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Paper# 3

ROLE OF STRAIN CRYSTALLIZATION IN THE FATIGUE RESISTANCE OF DOUBLE NETWORK ELASTOMERS

Author:
Abstract: Double networks were prepared from guayule rubber (GR), deproteinized natural rubber (DPNR), and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), and their properties compared to conventional ffsingle networ it...


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Paper# 1

Elastic lnstabilities in Rubber: Aneurysms, Wrinkles and Knots

Author:
Abstract: Materials that undergo large elastic deformations can exhibit novel instabilities. Several examples are considered here: development of an aneurysm on inflating a cylindrical rubber tube [1],...


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Paper# 4

Study of Vulcanization and Degradation Chemistry in Natural Rubber by Solid-State C-13 NMR and Physical Property Measurements

Author:
Abstract: Sulfur-vulcanization and heat aging of natural rubber was investigated by solid-state C-13 NNER along with the measurements of physical properties. C-13 NNER detects all of the sulfurization...


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Paper# 6

THE EFFECT OF MOLECULAR WEIGHT ON PROPERTIES OF FLUOROELASTOMERS CURED WITH BISPHENOL AF

Author:
Abstract: Three monodisperse Vinylidene fluorideltetrafluoroethylenelheXafluoropropylene terpolymers were prepared by iodine degenerative chain transfer and used to assess the effect of molecular weight on...


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Paper# 81

STUDY ON THE WASTE TIRE POWDEMTHERMOPLASTIC BLENDS

Author:
Abstract: By Jin Kuk Kim: Sung Hyo Lee, Sung Hyuk Hwang Dept. of Polymer Sci. & Eng, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea 660-701 Phone: 82-55-751-5299', e-mai1:rubber@nongae. gsnu.ac.kr


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Paper# 80

A CONTINUOUS DE-VULCANISATION METHOD

Author:
Abstract: A new and novel continuous mixer for rubber compounds, developed in a co-operation between the Rubber Process Engineering Centre at Loughborough University and Carter Bros (Rochdale) Ltd in the UK,...


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Paper# 79

FTIR SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES ON CURING OF BROMINATED POLY(ISOBUTYLENE-co-4-METHYLSTYRENE)

Author:
Abstract: The curing of brominated poly(isobutylene-co-4-methylstyrene) or BIMS with ZnOXHSt, ZnOXZn(St)2 or Zn(St)2 was investigated using FTIR spectroscopy. Changes of carbonyl absorption were monitored by...


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Paper# 78

by Jean L. Leblanc*, Thoranit Navarat University P. & M. Curie (Paris 6)

Author:
Abstract: Thermoplastics elastomers of the TPV class are commercially available from various suppliers, in grades differing essentially with respect to hardness and other application properties. Whatever...


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Paper# 9

Vinyl Enchainment in SSBR Polymerization: Steric and Structural Effects

Author:
Abstract: In modified, Li-initiated solution SBR polymerization, NTIR data has revealed a decrease in normalized vinyl enchainm ent occurs when the concentration of styrene comonomer is increased. This...


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Paper# 77

Presented at a meeting of the

Author:
Abstract: phenomenon is called iiviscosity agingii. For practical reasons the commercial PVC resins for plastisol applications are designed to minimize the viscosity aging. They are also designed to give a...


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Paper# 76

Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Segmental Relaxation in Polymethylphenylsiloxane

Author:
Abstract: C.M. Roland1s*, S. Pawlusz, S. J Rzoska2, J. Ziolo2 and M. Paluchz lNavaZ Research Laboratory, Cnernisiry Division, Code 6120, Washington, DC 203 75-5342 2]nsiiiiiie ofPnysics, University of...


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Paper# 75

MR. Gurvich, 110:: Characterization of Anisotropic Elastameric Materials . . . A Page 1 of24

Author:
Abstract: Existing efforts in constitutive modeling of elastomers are primarily focused on isotropic materials. On the other hand, anisotropic elastic models were successfully developed for traditional...


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Paper# 74

TOWARDS A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE SCANNING VIBRATING NEEDLE CUREMETER

Author:
Abstract: The Scanning Vibrating Needle Curemeter (SVNC) profiles liquid elastomer cures with dual outputs which can be likened to those of the S' & S" traces with time for MDR analyses of solid rubber...


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Paper# 15

SUSE OF COAGENTS FOR ADHESIVE AND DYNAMIC PROPERTY IMPROVEMENTS IN PEROXIDE-CURED POLYISOPRENEP

Author:
Abstract: Peroxide curing is typically favored over sulfur vulcanization of elastomers in applications where superior heat-aged performance is desired. The drawback of this system is that properties such as...


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Paper# 17

Polymer-Solvent Interactions in Uncross-linked and Cross-linked Polymer Systems

Author:
Abstract: The polymer-solvent interaction parameter was derived for uncross-linked and cross- linked non-polar polymers (NR, cis-1,4-BR, 1,2-BR, EPDM etc.) by vapor pressure measurements and equilibrium...


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Paper# 18

ENTANGLEMENTS IN POLYMER NETWORKS

Author:
Abstract: We are studying the amount and complexity of entanglements in different types of polymer networks. Using the Bond-Fluctuation-Method we have generated cross-linked and end-linked systems with a...


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Paper# 19

REINFORCEMENT AND NONLINEAR VISCOELASTICITY OF POLYMER MELTS CONTAINING MIXTURES OF NAN OFILLERS

Author:
Abstract: The reinforcement and concomitant nonlinear viscoelastic behavior with strain have been investigated for composites of linear polymers above the glass transition temperature with various binary...


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Paper# 73

CONTROLLING ABRASION RESISTANCE OF BIMSIBR BLENDS BY CURE STATE AND BLEND COMPOSTION

Author:
Abstract: Abrasion resistance and physical properties of compounds of blended saturated and unsaturated elastomers are studied in terms of cure state and blend composition. The saturated and unsaturated...


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Paper# 21

by Katrin Reincke* 1, Wolfgang Grellmann I and Gert Heinrich 2t

Author:
Abstract: A general overview of methods of technical fracture mechanics is given which is followed by a short discussion of some possibilities for determination of tearing energy T for elastom ers. In the...


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Paper# 22

Simultaneous Control of 1,4-cis Selectivity and Molecular Weight of Polymer in Polymerization

Author:
Abstract: Simultaneous control of 1,4-cis selective polymerization and molecular weight of polymer in the polymerization of butadiene (BD) with Co(acac)3lMAO catalyst was investigated. The polymerization of...


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Paper# 23

Quaternary Ammonium BIMS Ionomers

Author:
Abstract: Quaternizations of benzyl bromide units in brominated poly(isobutylene-co-p- methylstyrene), or BIMS, elastomers with tertiary amines can be readily accomplished either by solution techniques or by...


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Paper# 24

New Fluoroelastomer Developments For Aerospace Sealing Applications

Author:
Abstract: Extreme conditions of heat and cold are inherent to flight. Today, the vast majority of the worldsa military, commercial and business aircraft depend upon fluorohydrocarbon elastomers to maintain...


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Paper# 25

The Effects of Dynamic Vulcanization on the Morphology and Rheology of TPVis and their Nanocomposites.

Author:
Abstract: Thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVls) have been extensively studied over the past decade due to the promise they show as high performance elastomers. Hence we specifically address the effects of...


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Paper# 28

ELASTOMERIC BRANCHED POLY(ETHYENE OXIDE) AS A MATRIX FOR

Author:
Abstract: ABSTRACT Elastomers are an unique material that shows rubber elasticity in its rubbery state. This review concerns use of amorphous, soft and flexible rubbery matrix for functionality materials,...


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Paper# 29

Novel Elastomeric Coatings for use on Rubber Components

Author:
Abstract: Elastomeric materials are utilized in numerous dynamic applications including hoses, seals, tires, mountings, dampers, and insulating devices found in automobiles and other vehicles. In many...


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Paper# 30

ttLoWer Molecular Weight Paraftinic Oils In EPDM Sponge and Dense Applicationsii

Author:
Abstract: There is an increased technological interest in the use of lower molecular weight paraffinic oils or naphthenic oils for EPDM rubber applications due to increased availability and lower cost...


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Paper# 32

New Liquid Silicone Rubber Sponge having Open -Cell Structure

Author:
Abstract: Silicone rubber sponge has been widely used in many fields, such as electrical and electronic parts, business machines and automobiles. It has two excellent properties: one is as a silicone...


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Paper# 33a

CHARACTERIZATION OF ETHYLEN E-BUTEN E

Author:
Abstract: Metallocene plastomers have developed into the preferred impact modifiers for polypropylene especially automotive thermoplastic olefins (TPO) for both exterior and interior parts. Established...


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Paper# 35

INNERLINERS FOR TRUCK AND OFF-THE-ROAD TIRES A REVIEW

Author:
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to review the medium truck tire and off-the-road innerliners and their properties starting with a brief history of bias tires followed by emphasis on medium radial...


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Paper# 35a

TRUCK INDUSTRY TRENDS IMPACT ON TIRES

Author:
Abstract: This Paper provides an overview of today*s Truck Industry and the resulting impact of associated factors and conditions on Truck Tires and the Tire Development Process. Prepared as a session...


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Paper# 36

Service Life Prediction for Elastomeric Tire Components

Author:
Abstract: The automotive industry is demanding more and more tailor-made tire testing for sport utility, multipurpose and other types of vehicles in order to meet the performance requirements based on...


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Paper# 71

Double Networks of cis 1,4-Polyisoprene

Author:
Abstract: Gum and black-filled double networks of cis-1,4 polyisoprene, crosslinked with sulfur donors, have been prepared by first partially curing sheets, then stretching them and completing cure. Double...


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Paper# 39

Rubber Division, Am. Chem. Soc., 163111 Technical Meeting, San Francisco CA, April 28-30, 2003

Author:
Abstract:


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Paper# 40

NOVEL THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Author:
Abstract: DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL & BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO, LONDON, ONTARIO, CANADAN6A 5B9 PHONE: (519)661-4184fFAX: (519)850-2343, EMAIL:...


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Paper# 41

PRESERVATION OF ENZYMES IN ELECTROSPUN NANOFIBERS

Author:
Abstract: Electrospinning is a process that utilizes a high voltage electric field to generate a thin charged jet of polymer solution, which destabilizes and transforms into a spiraling, highly elongating...


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Paper# 42

MECHANISTIC STUDY OF THE ROLE OF ONE-COMPONENT RESINS IN

Author:
Abstract: Adhesion between rubber and brass-coated steel cords is enhanced by using resins as adhesion promoters. Experiments were carried out using a squalene liquid rubber modeling approach to study the...


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Paper# 43

Effect of compound Ingredients on Adhesion Between Rubber and Brass-Plated Steel Cord

Author:
Abstract: Effect of several ingredients in the rubber on adhesion characteristics between brass-plated steel cord and rubber was thoroughly investigated. Amine component is generated by...


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Paper# 45

EFFECT OF COATING THICKNESS AND PENETRATION ON

Author:
Abstract: Rubber has been used in combination with textiles for many years. Many applications have been developed by taking advantage of the combined properties of the two components. For example, the shear...


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Paper# 46

Truck and Off-the Road Compound Processing.

Author:
Abstract: A truck tire is a complex system of interaction components each with unique functions and specific properties for maximum effectiveness. These components are designed and fabricated to meet the...


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Paper# 47

Getting More Truck Tire ttMileageii with Advanced Filler Technology

Author:
Abstract: Truck tire durability is a complex function of compound selection, mixingXprocessing, final assembly, tire design, vehicle fitment, and ultimately, consumer use - or abuse. The formidable task...


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Paper# 48

NEW REINFORCING MATERIALS FOR RISING TIRE PERFORMANCE DEMANDS

Author:
Abstract: The general phenomenon freinforcement by carbon blackii accompanies the rubber industry and especially the tire industry now for more than a century. The most important aspect of the introduction...


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Paper# 49

Dynamic Contact of Tires with Road Tracks

Author:
Abstract: The frictional physics behind the interaction of tire treads with road tracks during braking is discussed on the basis of two recent theoretical approaches of dynamic contact of elastomers with...


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Paper# 70

The ultimate way to NR processing2 - high efficiency and good dynamic properties with a zinc free novel additive

Author:
Abstract: Viscosity reduction of Natural Rubber (NR) is a common problem in the entire rubber industry, and especially in tires where viscosity stabilized grades of NR are too expensive and not even...


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Paper# 52

Effective Process for Precuring Tire

Author:
Abstract: The use of precured components in the construction oftires is effective in reducing cost and weight. The process must be precisely controlled to not adversely effect the final assemble and...


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Paper# 56

is There Life After Retirement from the RubberlElastomer Field'..9

Author:
Abstract: By Andrew P. Foldi chemical engineer Ph.D. chemist retired from DuPont consultant (C&.C Consultants) past volunteer for WEC (World Environment Center) volunteer for RSVP (Retired Senior Volunteer...


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Paper# 58

On the Filler Flocculation in Silica-Filled Rubbers Part II. Filler Flocculation and Polymer-Filler

Author:
Abstract: Filler flocculation and polymer-filler interaction in silica-filled rubbers containing different functional end-groups were investigated. Lithium-hexamethyleneimine initiated polymers terminated...


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Paper# 59

MOISTURE EFFECTS ON TESPD-SILICAICBISBR CONIPOUNDS

Author:
Abstract: Moisture was treated on the silica surface and it was added into TESPD (triethoxysilylpropyl)disulfide)l carbon black (CB)lS-SBR compound and mixed in an internal mixer. The effects of moisture...


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Paper# 61

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES EVOLUTION IN A ROTOCURING PROCESS

Author:
Abstract: Curing is the final step in rubber sheet manufacturing whereby a composite material, built from rubber layers, is formed to the desired shape in a heated rotocuring press. The curing process has a...


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Paper# 63

ACS Rubber Division Meeting, San Francisco

Author:
Abstract: A rapid procedure using solvent extraction has been developed to obtain clean polymers from cured materials. Using different conditions (temperature, pressure and solvent), the method automatically...


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Paper# 69

FATIGUE OF CORD-RUBBER COMPOSITES: V. CORD REINFORCEMENT EFFECT

Author:
Abstract: Fatigue behavior of cord-rubber composite materials forming the belt region of radial pneumatic tires has been characterized to assess their dependence on stress, strain and temperature history as...


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Paper# 65

FILLER PHASE DISTRIBUTION IN

Author:
Abstract: Tapping phase atomic force microscopy (AFM) is proven to be a powerful technique for evaluating the morphology ofelastomer blends. Vwthout staining or etching, polymer domains and filler...


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Paper# 66

Cleveland, Ohio 44106

Author:
Abstract: The diffusion of binary solvents of benzene and cyclohexane in polyisoprene rubber networks was observed by FTIR mapping spectroscopy. The spatial correlation of solvent diffusion and rubber...


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Paper# 67

Fractography of Tire Tread Separations

Author:
Abstract: In-service catastrophic radial tire failure is often a separation ofthe tread and outer steel belt from the tire casing and inner steel belt. These separations generally occur in the field at high...


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Paper# 68

Analysis of Contact Stresses of A Rubber Block And Their Effect on Tire HeelXToe Wear

Author:
Abstract: Contact stresses between the tread blocks of a tire and the road surface are critical characteristics for tire wear performance evaluation, especially, irregular wear. Heelltoe wear is a form of...


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Paper# 64

TESTING OF COMPOSITIONAL DISTRIBUTION IN BROMINATED ISOBUTYLENE ELASTOMERS

Author:
Abstract: A method based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been devel- oped for the characterization of the compositional distribution of brominated poly(isobutylene-...


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Paper# 2 2

Strain-induced molecular orientation and crystallization in natural and synthetic rubbers under uniaxial deformation by in-situ synchrotron X-ray study

Author: Shigeyuki Toki*, Igors Sics, Benjamin S. Hsiao*, Syozo Murakami , Masatoshi Tosaka, Yuko Ikeda and Andy H. Tsou
Abstract: In-Sim synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) studies and simultaneous measurements of stresses and strains during uniaxial stretching of various vulcanized rubbers were applied (at room...


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Paper# 5 5

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND PROPERTIES OF 3-ARMED, STAR-BRANCHED TAPERED BLOCK COPOLYMERS OF STYRENE AND BUTADIENE: NEW THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS

Author: RODERIC P. QUIRK*, KUO-CHIH HUA, LEI ZHU, AND SERGIO A. MOCTEZUNIA E.
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to develop useful, one-step synthetic procedures for 3-armed, star- branched tapered SlB block copolym ers using a hydrocarbon-soluble trilithium initiator. The...


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Paper# 7 7

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF (1,0)- DIHYDROXYL-TELECHELIC POLYISOBUTYLENE VIA LIVING CARBOCATIONIC INITIATION AND COUPLING

Author: Judit E. Puskas,* Jingshe Song, Yaohong Chen
Abstract: Low molecular Weight on-(primary hydroxyl)-on-(tert.chloride)-polyisobutylenes (PIBs, Mn w 4000 - 6000 glmol) were synthesized by living carbocationic polymerization at -60 *C via direct initiation...


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Paper# 8 8

EFFECTS OF COMPOSITION AND PROCESSING CONDITIONS ON MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER BLENDS OF SEBS/PP/OIL AND OF DYNAMICALLY VULCANIZED EPDM/PP/OIL

Author: P. SENGUPTA AND J. NOORDERMEER
Abstract: Thermoplastic elastomer blends of SEB SfPPloil and dynamically vulcanized blends of EPDNUPPloil (TPVTs) are competitive materials used for similar sorts of applications. This work presents a...


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Paper# 10 10

EFFECT OF CASTING SOLVENT ON THE PROPERTIES AND HIGHER-ORDER STRUCTURE OF VTOLOGEN TYPE POLY(OXYTETRAMETI-IYLENE) TONENE ELASTOMER

Author: Y. IKEDA
Abstract: The effect of casting solvent on the properties and morphology of viologen type poly(oXytetramethylene) ionene (PTV) elastomer was investigated by a small-angle X-ray scattering, differential...


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Paper# 11 11

Softening NR Compounds: A comparison of methods used by the industry to Increase productivity of NR compounds by various methods of softening

Author: Frederick Ignatz-Hoover and Byron To
Abstract: Productivity in mixing NR compounds is governed by the time required to mix and disperse carbon black homogeneously and completely into NR. Compounds of NR are, in practice, mixed until a desired...


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Paper# 12 12

PLASMA POLYMERIZATION ON SULFUR TO DECREASE THE BLOOMING EFFECT ON RUBBER MIXTURES AND ITS EFFECT ON RUBBER VULCANIZATION WITH DIFFERENT ACCELERATORS

Author: E. Vidal-Escales, W.J. Van Ooij, N. Agullo and S. Borros*
Abstract: Sulfur vulcanization is a process widely used in tire industry. Despite all the advantages of such processing methodology, there is an important aspect that must be taken into account when...


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Paper# 14 14

Effect of Carbon Black on Crosslinking

Author: A. N. Gent and J. A. Hartwell*
Abstract: For a number of different vulcanization systems, the equilibrium swelling ratios for carbon-black-filled and unfilled samples are shown to be linearly related, as found by Lorenz and Parks [1],...


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Paper# 20 20

ANALYSIS OF NETWORK STRUCTURES IN FILLED ELASTOMERS BY AMPLITUDE DEPENDENT MEASUREMENTS UNDER MONO- AND BIMODAL SINUSOIDAL DEFORMATION

Author: C. Wrana *, C. Fischer, V. Hartel
Abstract: In many applications of elastomers the frequency dependent viscoelastic properties govern the overall performance. For instance, the rolling resistance and the wet grip behaviour of a tire are...


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Paper# 38 38

A Fundamental Review of Cut & Chip Testing

Author: David L. Schwarz* & Donald W. Askea
Abstract: A laboratory method for measuring cut and chip resistance of vulcanized rubber compounds was introduced to the industry several years ago.1 A primary focus for this method is the testing of...


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Paper# 50 50

USE OF LC, NMR AND MS FOR SULFIDOSILANE MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION

Author: MICHAEL W. BACKER, CHAD A. BUESING, JENNIFER L. DINGMAN, JOHN M. GOHNDRONE, SANLIN HU, WILLIAM C. MAKI, BRYAN THOMAS, HONGIUN YUE AND SHAWN K. MEALEY*
Abstract: Bifunctional organosilanes, such as bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)tetrasulfane (TESPT) and bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)disulfane (TESPD), are useful as silica to rubber coupling agents in tire tread...


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