Technical Paper Archive

This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.

For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to:

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200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021

Date: October 05, 2021
Location: Pittsburgh, PA

International Elastomer Conference 2021

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $700.00

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

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Paper# A01 Hoover future of sulfur slides

The Future of Sulfur in the Rubber Industry

Author: Fred Ignatz-Hoover
Abstract: SLIDES ONLY Sulfur has played a critical role in the tire and rubber goods industries. There are 30 well characterized allotropes of sulfur. An allotrope is defined as a material in a solid...

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Paper# A05 A05 monte 50 years of innovation why titanates  zirconates are different

50-Years of Innovation: Why Titanates & Zirconates are Different than Silanes

Author: Salvatore Monte

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Paper# A10 A10 bhowmick rubber div acs 2021

Reinforcement of Elastomers by Nanoparticles: PLENARY Lecture

Author: Anil Bhowmick
Abstract: SLIDES ONLY Rubber nanocomposite is a field of extensive research in recent years. This is a class of hybrid materials, where the reinforcing component is uniformly distributed in nanometer scale...

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Paper# A11 A11 corrected paper yuko ikeda  japan

Insights into Vulcanization for Reinforcement of Rubber

Author: Yuko Ikeda
Abstract: The sulfur cross-linking and the reinforcement by filler are the two most important issues governing the vulcanizate properties of rubber. Lots of various studies have been carried out to gain...

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Paper# A12 A12 hardman

Characteristics and Reinforcing Properties of Environmentally Friendly Plasma Carbon Black

Author: Ned Hardman
Abstract: Monolith Materials produces an environmentally friendly carbon black from methane with almost zero emissions of CO2, SOx, and NOx. Monolith’s plasma black has been found to be similar to furnace...

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Paper# A13 A13 l chen

Advanced Carbon Additives for Rubber Compounds

Author: Limeng Chen
Abstract: Conventional reinforcing materials provide well-known benefits to rubber performance by enhancing durability, safety, efficiency, and other functionalities. Cabot continues to innovate in this...

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Paper# A14 A14 gruber

3D Analysis of Carbon Black – Views from the Frontier

Author: Tyler Gruber
Abstract: For over 80 years, 2D transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has enabled connections between carbon black morphology and application properties. In the last few decades, electron tomography-based...

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Paper# A16 A16 robertson and hardman cb reinforcement rubber div iec 2021

Nature of Carbon Black Reinforcement of Rubber: Perspective on the Original Polymer Nanocomposite

Author: Chris Robertson
Abstract: Adding carbon black (CB) particles to elastomeric polymers is essential to the successful industrial use of rubber in many applications, and the mechanical reinforcing effect of CB in rubber has...

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Paper# A19 A19 w xu

Molecular Engineering and Additive Manufacturing of Polyisobutylene-Based Functional Elastomers

Author: Weinan Xu
Abstract: Additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing of elastomers remains challenging due to their inherent mechanical and thermal properties. The types of elastomers that have been explored for 3D printing...

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Paper# A22 A22 neilsen multi purpose

Multi-purpose Products: Additives for Rubber Compounds that can Provide More than One Function

Author: Joel Neilsen
Abstract: The number of additives to improve processability and produce the required physical properties of rubber compounds is vast: processing aids, accelerators, activators, cross linkers, reinforcing...

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Paper# B02 B02 mcmahan

In Vitro Natural Rubber Synthesis in Two Rubber-producing Species

Author: Colleen McMahan
Abstract: Guayule (Parthenium argentatum) is currently under development in the southwestern United States as a source of natural rubber, resins, and biomass to supplement the tropical supply of natural...

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Paper# B03 B03 teertstra adkinson

Functionalized Polymers for Tires

Author: Steve Teertstra
Abstract: Tire tread compounds typically consist of blends of rubbers with SSBR a key component for PCR and LT tires. Global regulations, tire labeling, strict OE requirements, electrification and customer...

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Paper# B04 B04 sjacob slides only

Polyisobutylene-based Elastomer Developments – Status, Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities

Author: Sunny Jacob
Abstract: Developed out of necessity, as a war-born material, butyl rubber and its derivatives became one of the most important man made materials for the progress of modern civilization, especially for the...

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Paper# B12 B12 bacchelli

Improving SSBR Performance for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

Author: Fabio Bacchelli
Abstract: Electric vehicles and low emission hybrid cars are driving the transformation of mobility as we know it. This means it’s time to learn more about new materials, which can help target the rolling of...

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Paper# B13 B13 blume

The Manifold Interactions of ZnO and Stearic Acid in a Modern Silica-filled Tire Tread Compound

Author: Anke Blume
Abstract: Zink oxide and stearic acid are commonly used in typical sulfur-cured rubber compounds. Their role as activator is well recognized. But how manifold the interactions in a silica-filled...

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Paper# B14 B14 grunert

Influence of Functionalized Polymers on the Processing Behavior and In-rubber Properties of Passenger Car Tire Tread Compounds

Author: Fabian Grunert
Abstract: In the last years, the European Union (EU) put a particular focus on the reduction of the greenhouse emissions. Since passenger cars are responsible for roughly 13% of the total CO2 emission in the...

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Paper# B15 B15 krupp

Improving Wet Grip and Hysteresis with Reinforcing and Individual Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes

Author: August Krupp
Abstract: The use of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for significantly improved wear resistant elastomer compounds, such as off-the-road (OTR) tire treads, has been established in previous studies....

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Paper# B17 B17 bhuiyan

3D-Textile-Rubber Composites: Building, Characterization and Potential in Non-Pneumatic Tire Applications

Author: Md Bhuiyan
Abstract: Mechanical behaviors of a new class of composites made up of a 3D textile core enclosed by two rubber layers, either reinforced or unreinforced, are investigated in this study to address the need...

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Paper# B20 B20 khusidman

G3C Process – New Approach to Circular Economy for Tires

Author: Vitaly Khusidman
Abstract: This presentation will discuss Three generations of tire conversion technologies “In-rubber performance shift” – what prevents rCB from performing well in rubber? Upgrading rCB as an approach to...

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Paper# B22 B22 kumbalek new sustainable tire innerliner

New Sustainable Tire Innerliner Using BolderBlack

Author: Mike Kumbalek
Abstract: Automotive manufacturers, governments and consumers are demanding sustainable products and a circular economy. End of life tires have been an environmental concern due to risk of fires, leaching of...

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Paper# C01 C01 pazur

The Accelerated Heat Aging of Aircraft Inner Tubes for Shelf life Determination. Part 1: Butyl Rubber

Author: Richard Pazur
Abstract: Butyl rubber inner tubes used in military aircraft must meet the property specification requirements of Aerospace Standard AS50141. Their nominal shelf life is 10 years from the date of...

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Paper# C02 C02 mechanical and dynamic properties nasreddine

Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of Peroxide Cured HNBR Compounds

Author: Victor Nasreddine
Abstract: Therban® HNBR, ARLANXEO’s hydrogenated nitrile rubber, is a high performance specialty elastomer with excellent mechanical, dynamic, and sealing properties combined with resistance to tear,...

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Paper# C03 C03 j yun

The Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide on NBR/HNBR in Downhole Application for Oil and Gas Industry

Author: Jay Yun
Abstract: For downhole sealing application in the oil and gas industry. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Rubber (NBR) and Hydrogenated Acrylonitrile Butadiene Rubber (HNBR) have been widely used in many products. The...

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Paper# C04 C04 tuckner

In Defense of CSR Testing, Principles of Material Science, Misunderstanding, and Misinformation

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: In working in the area of CSR Testing, I have had the opportunity to see the advantages and limitations of this Test Method. This past year, I watched a NOVA show on PBS called “Picture a...

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Paper# C05 C05 tuckner

Precision CSR Testing - Background Details of a Procedure

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: CSR Testing has been performed for over 50 years as a Standard Rubber Test Method based on ASTM D6147 or previous test guidelines. In the 2000 era, I developed some new CSR Jigs and Fixtures that...

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Paper# C06 C06 terrill

Evaluation of Superior Graphite in a Lipseal Formulation

Author: Edward Terrill
Abstract: The potential of Superior Graphite (RGC39A graphite) in a model lipseal formulation was evaluated for abrasion resistance for a wide range of loads. The coefficient of friction tester is based on...

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Paper# C08 C08 j dick measuring rrp pittsburgh iec21 edition 4

Most Effective Tests for Measuring Quality of Mix when Using Recycled Rubber Powders

Author: John Dick
Abstract: The consumption of recycled rubber powder (RRP) for use in factory rubber compounds has been increasing greatly to improve the sustainability of today’s rubber industry worldwide. In the last...

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Paper# C12 C12 robin

An Original Approach to Determine Cross-link Densities in Rubber Blends Using Solid-state NMR Experiments

Author: Clement Robin
Abstract: The final properties of rubber compounds are highly related to their cross-link density. Several analytical methods have been developed throughout the years to determine this key parameter. Among...

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Paper# C13 C13 bernal ortega

Comparison Between SBR Compounds Filled with In-situ and Ex-situ Silanized Silica

Author: Pilar Bernal Ortega
Abstract: silica has become along with carbon black, the most important filler in the rubber industry. The use of silica instead of carbon black in passenger car tire tread compounds leads to lower rolling...

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Paper# C14 C14 kollar

Contrasting the Rheology of Particle Reinforced Rubbers Versus Particle Reinforced Newtonian Fluids

Author: James Kollar
Abstract: The complex rheological behavior of particle reinforced green rubbers plays a key role in determining final rubber product dynamic mechanical performance. Despite this significance, several...

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Paper# C15 C15 low temperature properties nasreddine

Low Temperature Properties of Therban® HNBR

Author: Victor Nasreddine
Abstract: Therban® hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR) is a specialty elastomer used in demanding applications in the mobility, industrial, and oil and gas markets. It has a combination of very good heat, oil...

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Paper# C17 C17 terrill

Effect of Polymer Type on Vibration Isolator Performance

Author: Edward Terrill
Abstract: To understand the role of polymer type on vibration isolators, three polymer types were examined. The three polymer types were: butyl, chloroprene, and a natural rubber/ polybutadiene blend. The...

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Paper# C18 C18 sasmaz

Development and Characterization of Nitrosamine-Free Rubber Compounds Using Bio-Based Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber

Author: Semih Sasmaz
Abstract: This study aimed to expand the use of materials obtained from renewable resources and to reduce the dependence on petroleum-based resources. Thus, the reduction of the carbon footprint that will...

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Paper# C19 C19 j dick most effective viscoelastic properties

Most Effective Viscoelastic Properties from the Rubber Process Analyzer for Measuring Factory Quality of Mix

Author: John Dick
Abstract: Over the last three decades, the Rubber Process Analyzer has evolved as the processability test instrument of choice for measuring and solving many rubber factory problems. Now there are several...

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Paper# C20 C20 bartlett hashimoto

Properties of Products Cured by Crosslinking of Alkyl Vinyl Group of 1,2-Polybutadiene and 1,2-SBS

Author: Bruce Bartlett; Hiroki Hashimoto
Abstract: In recent years, thermosetting resins have been used in various applications because of the ease in controlling viscosity before hardening, as well as their superior handling, compared with...

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Paper# C21 C21 hwang

Solvent Selection and Dilution Process to Distinguish Particle Size and Surface Treatment

Author: Margaret Hwang
Abstract: Fumed silica provides mechanical reinforcement to the silicone matrix in silicone elastomers. Thus, the incorporation of fumed silica and its dispersion quality determines the product properties....

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Paper# C22 C22 kyei manu

Thermal and Strain-induced Crystallization Characterization of Carbon Black Filled Natural Rubber Compounds During Rapid Adiabatic Straining

Author: William Kyei-Manu
Abstract: Carbon black is used as a reinforcing filler in many rubber products to enhance the compound’s mechanical properties such as crack growth resistance, tear strength and tensile properties....

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Paper# D10 D10 oshita

Performance Elastomers from Renewable Resources

Author: Shinya Oshita
Abstract: Kuraray is producing a variety of elastomer products normally consisting of isoprene, butadiene, and styrene. Utilizing a new renewable monomer called ß-farnesene, Kuraray has developed unique...

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Paper# D15 D15 desarkar

Effect of Curing Systems and Carbon Black on Properties of Evolmer®: A New Copolymer of Chloroprene and Acrylonitrile

Author: Mousumi De Sarkar
Abstract: Evolmer® (Acrylonitrile-co-chloroprene rubber) is a brand-new polymer, offering good resistance to oil and common chemicals, high heat and ozone resistance, outstanding flex fatigue resistance, and...

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Paper# D18 D18 saha bhowmick

Understanding Polyvinylidene Fluoride based Thermoplastic Elastomeric Blends: A Combined Simulation and Experimental Study

Author: Subhabrata Saha
Abstract: The choice of constituent polymers depending on their compatibility is crucial in developing a thermoplastic elastomeric blend (TPE). Computer-aided simulation could be an attractive tool for the...

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Paper# D22 D22 afzal

Using Molecular Simulation to Assess the Impact of Additives and Macrocyclic Structures on Vestenamer® Rubber

Author: Mohammad Atif Faiz Afzal
Abstract: In recent decades, economic and environmental factors have shifted industrial focus from landfill or thermal utilization of end-of-life tires to instead recovering the material in the form of...

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Paper# D24 D24 backenstos

Using AI for Dynamic Reduction of Rheological Measurement Frequency

Author: Maximilian Backenstos
Abstract: Variations in input raw materials or deviations in the mixing processes can strongly influence the quality of a rubber compound. Today, this can only be determined after it has passed through the...

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Paper# E01 E01 torkelson

Transforming Rubber and Rubber Composite Thermosets into Themoplastics: Dynamic Covalent Bonds Enable Sustainable Recycling of Traditionally Non-Recyclable Polymer Materials

Author: John Torkelson
Abstract: The production of conventional crosslinked polymers and their composites has been estimated at ~100 billion lb annually. Unfortunately, thermosets cannot be melt-reprocessed into moderate- to...

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Paper# E02 E02 schneider slides only

Sustainable Solutions for the Global Elastomer-to-Substrate Industry

Author: Christopher Schneider
Abstract: The world is evolving. Sustainability is the new buzzword. A loose definition of sustainability is meeting the needs of today without compromising the needs of the future. It revolves around...

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Paper# E04 E04 yurovska

Opportunities and Threats for Rubber Products

Author: Irene Yurovska
Abstract: Rubber technology played substantial role in global technical progress for over 170 years, and today there is still no substitute for rubber. But rubber industry is in maturity stage of the life...

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Paper# E07 E07 kumbalek developing new sustainable weatherstrips

Developing New Sustainable Weather-strips With BolderBlack

Author: Mike Kumbalek
Abstract: Automotive manufacturers, governments and consumers are demanding sustainable products and a circular economy. Every year 2-3 billion tires are disposed of thus creating an environmental concern...

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Paper# E08 E08 maier

The Next Generation of Carbon Black: Plasma Black from Renewable Energy and Methane

Author: Thomas Maier
Abstract: Carbon black has been made through the millennia via a variety of different processes. Monolith’s new plasma process to produce carbon black via methane pyrolysis is far more environmentally...

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