Technical Paper Archive

This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.

For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to:

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198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

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Date: October 19, 2020
Location: Virtual

The International Elastomer Conference will be a new and exciting virtual experience this year.

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196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

192nd Technical Meeting - 2017 Fall

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Paper# A06 A06 crosley paper

Online Monitoring of Styrene Butadiene Copolymerization, Including a Final Coupling Reaction

Author: Matthew Crosley
Abstract: A new unique method, ACOMP, of directly monitoring and measuring polymerization processes in real time was tested with SBR. ACOMP yields continuous data on important characteristics of the...

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Paper# A07 A07 desarkar paper

Introduction to New Heat Resistant Acrylic Rubber

Author: Mousumi DeSarker
Abstract: Denka Co., Ltd has recently introduced a new grade of acrylic rubber, bringing a much-elevated level of temperature resistance to its predecessors. The new grade is a fast curing polymer, offering...

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Paper# A14 A14 mittermiller paper

Hydrin (ECO) DP5245 Elastomer for Vibration and Acoustic Damping

Author: Andrew Mittermiller
Abstract: Zeon Chemicals LP has developed a new epichlorohydrin (ECO) elastomer called Hydrin DP5245 for use to dampen and absorb vibration or sound while also being resistant to oils, hydrocarbons, ozone,...

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Paper# A16 A16 cardin multivariate modeling

Using Multivariate Modeling and Optimization for Rapidly Developing New and Improved Elastomers

Author: Marlene Cardin
Abstract: The continual development of new functional polymers with improved properties and of new products for different application areas is an important area for most chemical companies. As manufacturers...

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Paper# A17 A17 saikin designing organic molecules

Towards Designing Small Organic Molecules Using an Autonomous Synthetic Platform

Author: Semion Saikin
Abstract: Rapid discovery of novel molecules with tailored properties is crucial for the chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries. Traditional approaches to the discovery of molecules with...

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Paper# A18 A18 vogiatzis paper

High-throughput Computational Screening of CO2-philic Functional Groups for Selective CO2/N2 Gas Separation

Author: Konstantinos Vogiatzis
Abstract: In post-combustion carbon capture, CO2 is separated from N2, a process that is performed conventionally with aqueous amines to effectively bind CO2. However, these solvents interact strongly with...

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Paper# A19 A19 kim paper

Machine Learning for Formulation Development

Author: Edward Kim
Abstract: Machine learning (ML) has become a widely-used tool across chemistry and materials science. In many applications, a simple ML approach that treats candidate materials as mixtures of a few pure...

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Paper# A21 A21 brahami paper

Study of the factors Influencing the Hygrothermal Ageing of Silicone O-rings and the Evolution of their Compression Set

Author: Haoua Amina Brahami

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Paper# A23 A23 gillen nuclear power cable

Issues with Approaches for Simulating Aging of Nuclear Power Plant Cable Materials Described in IEC and IAEA Documents

Author: Kenneth Gillen; Mathew Celina
Abstract: Over the past 20 years, the IEC and the IAEA have published several Technical Documents describing recommended methods for carrying out accelerated radiation plus temperature aging of safety...

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Paper# A25 A25 zolfagheri paper

Operation Envelope Prediction of Fluoroelastomer Seals for Downhole Operation in Oil & Gas Industry

Author: Alireza Zolfaghari
Abstract: In downhole operation, the oil & gas industry needs a reliable methodology to develop an operation envelope for elastomer seals used in various tools. In most cases, the operation envelope estimate...

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Paper# A26 A26 tucker paper

Examining Performance Changes in Thermally Aged Nitrile and Hydrogenated Nitrile Compounds

Author: Deidre Tucker
Abstract: Previous studies have shown that nitrile rubber materials suffer significant changes in physical and chemical properties upon exposures to heat and oxidizing environments. Our work has shown the...

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Paper# A27 A27 terrill paper

Damage Mechanism in Oil and Gas Formulations during Downhole Testing

Author: Edward R Terrill

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Paper# A28 A28 ghaderi paper

A Physic-Informed Data-Driven Constitutive Model for Thermal-Induced Aging of Elastomers

Author: Aref Ghaderi
Abstract: Nowadays, elastomers, due to excellent work-ability, form-ability, and versatility, play a pivotal role in different industries such as transportation, ship-building, and automotive. During their...

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Paper# A30 A30 mphammadi paper

A Micro-Mechanical Model for Constitutive Behavior of Elastomers in Combined Aging Conditions

Author: Hamid Mohammadi
Abstract: In this study, we proposed a micro-mechanical model to describe the effects of temperature and UV radiation on the constitutive behavior of elastomers. Specifically, the focus of this model is on...

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Paper# A31 A31 pazur paperiec2020

Heat Aging of a Bromobutyl Tire Innerliner Under Aerobic and Anaerobic Conditions

Author: Richard Pazur
Abstract: A bromobutyl tire inner liner compound was prepared and subjected to aerobic and anaerobic heat aging at a temperature of 100°C for seven aging times up to 8 weeks. Hardness and mechanical...

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Paper# A32 A32 presto paper

Insights into the Microscopic Origins of Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Filled Rubber Investigated with X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy

Author: Dillon Presto

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Paper# A33 A33 azhong paper

O-Ring Extrusions under Hight Pressure Hight Temperature Conditions

Author: Allan Zhong
Abstract: O-ring sealing systems are ubiquitous in oil/gas field applications and have been extensively tested. The general relationships between O-ring designs and their performances are well known;...

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Paper# A34 A34 jdick astm paper

Comparative Advantages of Different RPA ASTM Methods for Detecting Rubber Compound Quality Differences

Author: John Dick
Abstract: Over the last three decades, the Rubber Process Analyzer has evolved as the processability test instrument of choice for measuring and solving many rubber factory problems. Also a new ASTM...

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Paper# A35 A35 hanzik curekinetics paper

Evaluating Cure Kinetics and Physical Properties in a Model SBR Compound

Author: Paul Pavka; Richard Hanzlik
Abstract: The objective of this study is to determine how attributes of accelerators impact various aspects of cure-activation energy, cure rate, cure time, etc. Six different main accelerators were...

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Paper# A36 A36 tuckner paper

Compression Stress Relaxation (CSR) Testing, Considerations in an Era of ISO 17025 Proficiency Testing

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: Many people perform CSR Testing and often claim they do it in accordance with accepted test methods or standards, such as ASTM D6147, ISO 3384, or SAE J2979, but they often do not get the same...

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Paper# A40 A40 tunnicliffe paper

Microscopy Investigation of Crack Precursors and Fracture Surfaces

Author: Lewis Tunnicliffe
Abstract: Simple tension stress-strain testing was used to investigate fracture behavior of carbon black (CB)-reinforced styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), using 50 replicate specimens to quantify distributions...

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Paper# A41 A41 fa 1

Failure Analysis of Rubber Materials Using Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography/Mass-Spectrometry and Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector (PY-GC/MS/NPD)

Author: Rojin Belganeh and Rigoberto Advincula
Abstract: Subtle differences in rubber formulations are common, but they rarely influence the overall performance of the final product. However, there are instances where the product will ‘suddenly’ be more...

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Paper# A43 A43 behdad ecofriendlyformulations

Understanding Eco-friendly Rubber Formulations by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

Author: Sadegh Behdad
Abstract: During the past decade, increased awareness about climate change has led to more research in development of eco-friendly rubber formulations. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) is an analytical...

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Paper# A44 A44 reddy paper

Exploring the significance of filler system in “Green Tire” tread compounds using Rubber Process Analyzer (RPA)

Author: Sandeep Reddy

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Paper# A45 A45 aowang paper

Quantifying Chemical Composition and Crosslink Effects on EPDM Elastomer Viscoelasticity with Molecular Dynamics

Author: Ao Wang
Abstract: To understand the effect of chemical composition, crosslink density, and microstructure on the linear and non-linear viscoelasticity of ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber (EPDM), we carried...

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Paper# A47 A47 hershberger paper

DMA for Non-Tire Applications

Author: Nicole Hershberger
Abstract: In recent years, rubber manufacturers have turned to modulating thermal and electrical conductivity of fillers for improved performance. Formulation development for improved performance is...

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Paper# A49 A49 j dick on rpa stat test sensitivity

Effects from Variations in Applied Strain in RPA Testing on Statistical Test Sensitivity

Author: John Dick
Abstract: Methods of measuring statistical test sensitivity (signal-to-noise ratio) were published by J. Mandel in1964 and incorporated into ASTM D6600 in the year 2000 mainly to provide a means of...

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Paper# A50 A50 o'farrell paper

A Proficiency Program for Rubber Testing

Author: Kimberly O'Farrell

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Paper# A51 A51 giese

Aging of Specialty Elastomers Exposed to Lubricants and Additives

Author: Ulrich Giese
Abstract: In a broad spectrum of applications, elastomers have shown themselves to be principally suitable for providing reliable seals in engines, brake systems, exhaust systems, transmissions (radial shaft...

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Paper# B01 B01 li paper

Solutions to Produce Porosity-Free Extruded Dense Profiles with NORDEL EPDM

Author: Greg (Guangming) Li
Abstract: The fully saturated hydrocarbon backbone of EPDM rubber results in outstanding weatherability, UV stability, and low/high temperature resistance. Therefore EPDM rubber has been established as the...

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Paper# B02 B02 wu paper

New Ultra-High Mooney Branched EPDM: Easy to Process High Filler Loading Compounds

Author: Xiaosong Wu
Abstract: Designing EPDM compounds with balanced properties and processability for various applications is of key interest and poses many fundamental challenges to rubber chemists. An ultrahigh Mooney...

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Paper# B03 B03 abney paper

How to Select the Best Process Oil Chemistry for EPDM Rubber Roofing

Author: Mary Ann Abney
Abstract: How do you select the best process oil for your EPDM application? It is important to match the chemistry of the plasticizer with both the elastomer system and the end application performance...

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Paper# B04 B04 boerger paper

New Struktol Plasticizers for an Improved Service-Life of Tire Curing Bladders

Author: Volker Boerger

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Paper# B05 B05 upasani paper

Formulating Fluoroelastomer (FKM) with Varying Levels of Metal Oxides

Author: Tejas Upasani
Abstract: Curing of fluoroelastomers (FKM) can be accomplished commercially by three separate systems. The first curing system was developed using hexamethylene diamine. Although cured articles with diamines...

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Paper# B06 B06 neilsen paper

Processing Promotors: Additives for Rubber Compounds that Improve Mixing and Processing by Increasing the Level of Dispersion, Reducing Viscosity and Speeding the Flow of the Compound Through the Production Process

Author: Joel Neilsen

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Paper# B08 Iec paper b08 fall 2020

Examples of BolderBlack Recovered Carbon Black in Various Rubber Formulations

Author: Mike Kumbalek
Abstract: An overwhelming majority of publicly traded companies publish their sustainability performance annually. Increasingly, these companies are turning to their supply chains to achieve additional...

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Paper# B11 B11 dierkes paper

Sensitivity of Marching Modulus of Silica-filled SBR/BR Compounds to Filler Type and Polymer Ratio

Author: Wilma Dierkes
Abstract: Silica-silane filler systems are very successful in passenger car tire treads as they considerably improve tire performance, mainly rolling resistance. However, this technology has its drawbacks in...

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Paper# B12 B12 alicia rul paper

Author: Alicia Rul

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Paper# B12 B12 alicia rul paper

Use of NC7000(TM) Carbon Nanotubes into Rubber Product and HSE Aspects from Matrix Containing-MWCNT

Author: Alicia Rul

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Paper# B13 B13 krupp paper

Optimization of Natural Rubber OTR Tread Compound with Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes and Oil

Author: August Krupp
Abstract: Previous studies demonstrated tailored multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), Molecular Rebar® (MR), significantly improved the wear resistance of elastomer compounds, such as off-the-road (OTR)...

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Paper# B14 B14 mcafee talburt 25sep20

The Effects of Multiple Repurposed Materials as Reinforcements for Standard Rubber Compounds

Author: Carl McAfee
Abstract: This paper will study the effects of multiple repurposed raw materials for reinforcement in a standard carbon black based thermoset rubber formulation. The materials will be: a) carbon black as the...

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Paper# B15 B15 kerobo paper cok

Dispersion of Polyethyelenimine-coated Pulp in Rubber Matrix

Author: Charles Kerobo
Abstract: Rubber is normally reinforced with a variety of fillers to improve their physical properties, such as stiffness and modulus. Inorganic particles like carbon black and/or silica are often augmented...

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Paper# B16 B16 zhong paper

Silica Masterbatches Produced with Liquid Phase Mixing Part III. Quasi-static Stress-softening

Author: Liang Zhong

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Paper# B17 B17 zhang paper

Silica Masterbatches Produced with Liquid Phase Mixing Part IV. Volume Variation and SEM Observation upon stretching

Author: Hao Zhang

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Paper# B19 B19 tunniciffe paper

Reinforcement of Rubber by Lignin Coated Nanocellulose Fibrils

Author: Lewis Tunnicliffe

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Paper# B20 B20 defrain paper

Damping Materials Based on Liquid Poly(butadiene)s: Structure-Property Relationships

Author: Olivier Defrain; Steven K. Henning
Abstract: Damping materials are used to reduce or eliminate vibrations and noises mainly in industrial, transportation and structural applications. Several noise and vibration sources exist, such as ambient...

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Paper# B23 B23 bacchelli

From Low-cis to High-cis, to High Vinyl Architecture: an Insight into Polybutadiene Rubber

Author: Fabio Bacchelli
Abstract: Butadiene Rubber (BR) is commercially available in two main forms, one containing 1,4-cis repeating unit levels around 40%, which is called low-cis BR, and one with levels that range from 92 to...

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Paper# B25 B25 lin paper

High Sulfur Compounding for Highly Durable Components in Severe Service Applications

Author: C. Jeffrey Lin
Abstract: Compounders combine insoluble sulfur, accelerators, bonding/hardening resins and fillers to develop high modulus compounds useful as structural components in plied rubber articles such as tires,...

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Paper# B27 B27 silica tread mixing batton

Silica Tread Mixing and Optimization Studies Using ENTEX Planetary Roller Extruder

Author: Michael W. Batton; Ed Terrill

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Paper# B29 B29 abney paper

Using Heavy Naphthenic Process Oil to Increase Process Safety and Life of Tire Tread: Balancing the Magic Triangle

Author: Mary Ann Abney

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Paper# B30 B30 yoneji liquid rubber

Functionalized Liquid Rubber for Tire Formulations

Author: Osamu Yoneji; Erich Klein

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Paper# B36 B36 helfer paper

Ring Polymers: A Topology to Control Properties of Elastomeric Materials

Author: Carin Helfer
Abstract: The ability to synthesize polymers with various architectures enables properties to be tailored for numerous product applications. Polymer macrocycles, also known as ring polymers or circular...

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Paper# B37 B37 molnar ringsornot paper

Rings or Not? Analysis of Disulfide Polymers with Liquid Chromatography at Critical Conditions (LCCC)

Author: Kristof Molnar

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Paper# B39 B39 erhan paper

Use of Vegetable Oils in High Polarity Tire & Rubber Formulations to Achieve Unique Performance Properties

Author: Selim Erhan

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Paper# B41 B41 shafranksa soybeanoils paper

Effect of Soybean Oils with Various Unsaturation Level on Carbon Black-Filled EPDM Rubber

Author: Olena Shafranska

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Paper# B42 B42 perevosnik paper

The Use of Tire-Derived and Scrap-Derived Polymer in Tire and Non-tire Applications

Author: Kathy Perevosnik
Abstract: Tire-derived polymer (TDP) and scrap-derived polymer (SDP) are re-engineered polymer masterbatch compounds that are thermo-mechanically devulcanized using patented technology that offers a...

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Paper# B43 B43 manoharan crumb rubber

Crumb Rubber: Benefits and its Optimization in Tire Compounding

Author: Partheban Manoharan
Abstract: The recycling of tires after their intended use continues to be an important subject from an ecological perspective. Rubber crumb is of prime interest in sustainable materials and reduces the...

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Paper# B45 B45 leineweber paper

Additive Manufacturing of Rubber Based Cured Elastomer Components

Author: Sebastian Leineweber
Abstract: Additive manufacturing of thermoplastics or metals is a well approved sustainable process for obtaining rapidly precise and individual technical components. Except for crosslinked silicone rubber...

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Paper# B49 B49 robertson paper   predicting durability of 3d printed elastomers

Predicting Durability of 3D Printed Elastomeric Lattice Structures

Author: Christopher Robertson

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Paper# B51 B51 paul smith b51 acs 2020 paper

Diamine-cured HNBR for Improved Long-Term Compression Set on Thin Sectioned Articles

Author: Paul Smith

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