Technical Paper Archive

This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.

For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to:

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194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

Date: October 09, 2018
Location: Louisville, KY

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $800.00

200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

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Paper# 000 Iec 2018 show guide

Published Schedule - Show Guide

Abstract: To view the Show Guide, add this item to your cart and check out (no charge). Then look in MY LIBRARY to download the file.

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Paper# 001 2018 iec keynote presentation

KEYNOTE - Using Fundamental Polymer Science to Accelerate Elastomer Innovations

Author: Florian Schattenmann
Abstract: The Demand for Unparalleled Innovation The rapid rate of global growth Key megatrends Accelerating Research: Recent Developments High-throughput catalyst research Enhanced analytical...

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Paper# A01 A01henningacs18vfinal

The Spectrum of Ionic Crosslinking with Zinc-based Monomers

Author: Philippe Lodefier and Steven K. Henning
Abstract: This review will discuss the application of zinc-based ionic crosslinks to polymer systems across the wide spectrum of potential crosslink densities, from lightly crosslinked thermoplastics, to...

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Paper# A02 A02acsrubberdivision das

Programmable Rubber Composites

Author: Amit Das*, T. S. Natarajan, Shib Shankar Banerjee, K.W. Stöckelhuber, S. Wießner, G. Heinrich
Abstract: In this present work different non-conventional fillers were incorporated in the soft elastomers to make the composites be able to alter the mechanical performance in response to external stimuli....

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Paper# A03 A03tailoringthepropertiesofhsbcformedicaltubingapplicationsv1

Tailoring the Properties of Hydrogenated Styrenic Block Copolymers for Medical Tubing, including Kink Resistance, Solvent Bonding, and Processability

Author: Aparajita Bhattacharya
Abstract: Hydrogenated styrenic block copolymers (HSBC) have been used in medical tubing for many years due to their high clarity, flexibility, kink resistance and toughness. They do not contain...

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Paper# A05 A05rodrguez

Functionalization: a Key Differential Factor in the Design of SSBRs for High Performance Tires

Author: Luis Rodríguez-Guadarrama*, John Kounavis and Julián Maldonado
Abstract: The design of low rolling resistance tires is an important issue for current and future mobility. Next generation of tires will enable the setting to meet greenhouse effect gases legislation...

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Paper# A07 A07 nasreddine newhnbrwithimprovedfluidresistance

New HNBR Elastomers With Improved Fluid Resistance and Low Temperature Flexibility

Author: Victor Nasreddine*, Sarah David, Andreas Kaiser, Susanna Lieber
Abstract: HNBR is a high performance specialty elastomer with excellent mechanical and dynamic properties, resistance to tear, abrasion, and aging. It is used in demanding automotive,industrial, and oil and...

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Paper# A09 A09manuscriptabstractacs20182

Advances in Vulcanization of Diene Rubber Blends

Author: Thomas Hanel
Abstract: Blends of different rubbers are commonly used in almost every application inside the rubber industry, with the intention to combine the specific characteristics of each single polymer within the...

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Paper# A10 A10papertext kraton drwolfgangpille wolf

Performance Improvements with SYLVATRAXX™ Tread Enhancement Additives - Influence of the Resin Chemistry on Visco-elastic Properties of Binary and Ternary Polymer Blends

Author: Wolfgang Pille-Wolf
Abstract: Numerous polymers with varying macro and micro structures are offered by the rubber industry for a large variety of tire applications. In order to improve the understanding of the achievable...

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Paper# A11 A11mbcaseytotalcrayvalley102018v3

Compatibility of Pure Monomer Resins with Tire Tread Elastomers

Author: Megan Casey
Abstract: The volume of petroleum hydrocarbon resins used in tire formulations is increasing, with pure monomer resins comprising styrene and alpha-methyl styrene being a large part of this growth. Pure...

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Paper# A12 A12acs2018manuscripta12jungminjin

The Origin of Marching Modulus of Silica Filled Tire Tread Compounds

Author: Jungmin Jin, J.W.M. Noordermeer, W.K. Dierkes, A. Blume
Abstract: Silica reinforced S-SBR/BR tire tread compounds often show characteristic vulcanization profiles that do not exhibit a distinct maximum in the cure curve, or a plateau profile within acceptable...

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Paper# A14 A14comparisonofsilicanrmasterbatches blume

Comparison of Silica-NR Masterbatches with in-situ Silica / Silane Compounds

Author: Anke Blume*, Suyanti Hersanto, Joachim Bertrand, Wisut Kaewsakul, Wilma K. Dierkes
Abstract: In a modern green tire tread compound, silica is added together with silane to the rubber matrix. A suitable mixing process has to be applied to guarantee an efficient coupling reaction between the...

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Paper# A15 A15dierkes180905papera15

Improvement of Natural Rubber - Silica Interaction by Silane-grafting of the Polymer

Author: Karnda Sengloyluan, Jacques W.M. Noordermeer, Kannika Sahakaro, Wilma K. Dierkes*, Anke Blume
Abstract: The silica-silane reinforcing system is widely used for passenger car tire treads based on styrene-butadiene rubber. However, the application in truck tire treads still is a challenge, as...

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Paper# A16 A16anintroductionoftheplanetaryrollerextruder1

Effect of Planetary Roller Extruder on Filler Dispersion

Author: Edward Terrill*, Harald Rust, Michael W. Batton
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to better understand the potential of the planetary roller extruder to affect the filler and polymer dispersion (the potential for improved dispersion and properties)....

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Paper# A17 A17tchausseeandlguy

Benefits of Highly Dispersibile Silica in Truck/Bus Tires & retreads

Author: Thomas Chaussée* & Laurent Guy
Abstract: Understanding how to optimize compound recipes with Highly Dispersible Silica has become critical as the demands of Truck and Bus tires have evolved. New studies by Solvay show how high surface...

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Paper# A18 A18noordermeer1809107jn3

Silica Reinforced Natural Rubber: Synergistic Effects by Addition of Small Amounts of Secondary Fillers to Silica-Reinforced Natural Rubber Tire Tread Compounds

Author: S. Sattayanurak, J.W.M. Noordermeer*, K. Sahakaro, W. Kaewsakul and A. Blume

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Paper# A19 A19iec2018otrmanuscript

Enhancements in Off-the-Road (OTR) Tire Formulations with Discrete Surface Functionalized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes: Wear, Abrasion and Tear Resistance

Author: Sateesh Peddini* & August Krupp
Abstract: Off-the-road tires (OTR) are an important segment of the tire market that heavy industry relies on to maintain continuous operation with low downtime. Lifetime of OTR tires relates to the cutting...

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Paper# A22 A22iec2018papera22rojinbelganehfrontierlab

The Quantitative Analysis of Fatty Acids in Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR) by Thermally Assisted Hydrolysis and Methylation GC/MS

Author: Rojin Belganeh* & Rigoberto Advincula
Abstract: Several additive packages are introduced into the Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR) to vary the chemical and physical properties of the polymer. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of these...

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Paper# A23 A23papera23jdicksilicadispersionpaperforrubberdivloisviille8

Comparison of States of Mix for Silica Loaded Compounds Using New ASTM Methods

Author: John S. Dick* and Edward Norton
Abstract: Compounds based on different base elastomers will breakdown in different ways during the mixing process and have different degrees of interaction with precipitated hydrated silica with differing...

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Paper# A25 A25soybeanoilasareplacementforpetroleumbasedoilsintiretreadcompounds

Soybean Oil as a Replacement for Petroleum-Based Oils in Tire Tread Compounds

Author: Lauren Brace,
Abstract: At least as early as 2011, Goodyear has been investigating the viability of soybean oil (SBO) in automobile tires to replace petroleum-based distillate aromatic extract (DAE) and medium extracted...

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Paper# A27 A27jep2018fallrubberdivisioniec

Filler Interaction in Thermoplastic Elastomer Compositions

Author: Judit E. Puskas,* Gabor Kaszas, Andrew T. McClain, Carin Helfer,
Abstract: Multiphase block copolymer thermoplastic elastomers can be considered to be filled elastic networks. The stress-strain behavior of such polymers can be described using the Guth-Gold equation...

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Paper# A28 A28technicalpaper

Water Responsive Mechano-adaptive Elastomer Composites based on Active Filler Morphology

Author: Tamil Selvan Natarajan*, Amit Das, Klaus Werner Stöckelhuber, Sven Wießner, Gert Heinrich
Abstract: Mechanically adaptive materials are a class of smart materials which can be used to reversibly change its mechanical properties with stimuli like electricity, water, magnetic field, solvents etc....

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Paper# A29 A29acsfall2018barreratardiff

Characterization of Composites Containing Renewable Fillers for Anti-Vibration Applications

Author: Cindy Barrera* and Janice Tardiff
Abstract: Reduction of noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) is essential to ensure vehicle performance and customer comfort. As the automotive industry moves toward lighter vehicles, performance of NVH...

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Paper# A30 A30yukoikedajapan20180910acsmeetingpresentationpaper

Influence of Strain-Induced Crystallization on Mullins-Like Effect of Sulfur Cross-Linked Guayule and Dandelion Natural Rubbers

Abstract: The increasing global demand for natural rubber (NR) from Hevea brasiliensis, as well as its biosecurity and biodiversity problems, have led to renewed studies on other rubber yielding plants,...

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Paper# A31 A31mcmahanetaliec2018proceedings

Rubber Particle Lipids in Guayule and Hevea: a Study of Structure and Function

Author: Colleen McMahan, Upul Hathwaik, Jiann-Tsyh Lin, Delilah F. Wood, William Hart-Cooper
Abstract: Plants biosynthesize natural rubber in subcellular, spherical organelles called rubber particles, encapsulated by a lipid/protein monolayer. Interactions between lipids and rubber molecules have...

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Paper# A32 A32lushersmpapera32

Guayule Plant Extracts as Binder Modifiers in Flexible (Asphalt) Pavement Mixtures

Author: Steven Lusher
Abstract: The guayule (pronounced, 'why-YOO-lee') plant is a woody perennial shrub that is native to areas of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, and is a well-documented source of...

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Paper# A33 A33 dierig elastomerconfrubberdivtalk

Elucidation of Rubber Biosynthesis and Accumulation in Rubber Producing Shrub, Guayule (Parthenium argenatum Gray)

Author: David Dierig, Hiroyuki Kajiura, Nobuaki Suzuki, Hiroshi Mouri, Norie Watanabe, Yoshihisa Nakazawa
Abstract: Bridgestone Corporation is a leader in guayule (Parthenium argentatum) agriculture and rubber and coproduct extraction technologies. Guayule biosynthesizes and accumulates large quantities of...

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Paper# A34 A34landismanuscriptpapera34

Tools to Evaluate the Sustainability of Natural Rubber Production

Author: Amy Landis*, VeeAnder Mealing, Pragnya Eranki
Abstract: This talk will summarize methods to quantify the sustainability of natural rubber production. Sustainability, according to the EPA, is based on the principle that our health and survival is either...

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Paper# B01 B01iec2019paperrojinbelganehfrontierlabfinal

Failure Analysis of Rubber Materials Using Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography/Mass-Spectrometry and Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector (PY-GC/MS/NPD)

Author: Rojin Belganeh* and Rigoberto Advincula
Abstract: Subtle differences in rubber formulations are common, but they rarely influence the overall performance of the final product. However, there are instances where the product will ‘suddenly’ be...

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Paper# B02 B02 chen paper

Fatigue Performance of Metal Rubber Adhesion

Author: Xuming Chen*, Ray Zonoz, Hamid A Salem
Abstract: With more and more high-pressure, high-temperature (HPHT) oil and gas wells, metal rubber adhesion is becoming increasingly important for oilfield elastomer parts comprising metal components, such...

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Paper# B03 B03 mars cuttingstrength

Why Cutting Strength is an Indicator of Fatigue Threshold

Author: William V. Mars*, Christopher G. Robertson
Abstract: Crack tip fields during crack growth by cutting and by fatigue have been computed via finite element analysis for experiments executed on the Coesfeld Intrinsic Strength Analyser. The results show...

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Paper# B04 B04acsconferencereport2018hohenberger

The Challenges of Modelling Elastomeric Packer Seals for Oilfield Applications

Author: Travis Hohenberger
Abstract: Completions packers, or more simply packers, are tools that hydraulically isolate annular zones in oilfield completions. They employ elastomeric elements that radially expand to seal between a...

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Paper# B05 B05mithungreenetweedv1

Advanced Cure and Rheology Kinetics Characterization and Modeling to Simulate Manufacturing Processes for HighTemperature Elastomers

Author: Mithun Bhattacharya* and Ronald Campbell
Abstract: Tooling and molding of automated processes such as transfer and injection molding benefit significantly from flow and cure simulation-based computer aided engineering (CAE), particularly for...

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Paper# B06 B06rubbershowpaper2018

The Basics of Fiber Reinforcement in Rubber Compounds

Author: Mike Gmerek
Abstract: Although fiber reinforcement has been used in rubber compounds for many years, the basic science is often misunderstood. This paper will give a basic overview of the science behind fibers in rubber...

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Paper# B08 B08j dickpaperonastmvsisostandardsfallrubberdivmeeting5

ASTM International and ISO TC45 Rubber Standards in Today’s World Economy

Author: John Dick
Abstract: For the Rubber Industry, there are currently 346 ASTM International standards and 441 ISO standards used by the world rubber industry. This paper will review the scope of these ASTM International...

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Paper# B10 B10paperb10

Visualization of Polymer-Filler Interface using Atomic Force Microscopy

Author: Anna Kępas-Suwara* , Paul Brown, Stuart Cook
Abstract: In tire tread formulations rubbers and fillers are blended in order to achieve optimum tread properties. The bulk properties of these composite materials are highly influenced by the properties of...

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Paper# B12 B12titlepage

Energy Dissipation Characteristics of Crosslinks in Natural Rubber – An Assessment Using Low and High-Frequency Analyzer

Author: K Anas
Abstract: This paper was previously published in Journal of Polymer Engineering, v.38, n.8, 2018:

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Paper# B13 B13latshawnaturalrubbermasticationstudiesfallacspaperv2

e Rheological Characterization of Mixing Effects on Natural Rubber using an RPA

Author: Alina Latshaw*, Sandeep Reddy, Thomas Rauschmann
Abstract: The process of mastication for naturally occurring rubbers, such as natural rubber (NR), is an industrial norm. Naturally occurring products will vary in physical and structural properties lot to...

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Paper# B14 B14tnickel1809acspaperonbrhbudmaroughdraft

Dynamic Mechanical Characterization of Butadiene Rubber including Investigation of Mixing Effects

Author: Troy Nickel*, Sandeep Reddy, Sadegh Behdad, Thomas Rauschmann
Abstract: Physical and structural properties of vulcanized rubber can be characterized by dynamic mechanical testing methods, including, but not limited to, Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. These methods can...

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Paper# B15 B15iec2018loiusvilleusabhowmickfullpaper

Recent Studies on Nanofillers for Rubber Reinforcement

Author: Anil Bhowmick
Abstract: Reinforcement of rubber by nanofillers is a topic of great interest in recent years. The reinforcing components, nanofillers, are mostly nanoclay, silica, expanded graphite, carbon nanotubes,...

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Paper# B16 B16acs18paper

Application of Graphene Nano-Platelets in Technical Elastomers

Author: J. Plagge*, M. M. Möwes , A. Lang1 , M. Wunde, F. Fleck, M. Klüppel
Abstract: The physical properties of graphene nano-platelets (GNPs) are investigated both in vitro and dispersed into common elastomer compounds. Advanced static gas adsorption measurements reveal, that...

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Paper# B17 B17manuscriptacsmeetingchgoegelein20180904

Why do Small Additions of Natural Rubber Greatly Improve the Fatigue Lifetime of Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber?

Author: Christoph Gögelein*, John Beelen, Martin van Duin, Niels van der Aar,
Abstract: The latest development of ultrahigh molar mass Ethylene-Propylene-Diene-Monomer (EPDM) polymers enables us to formulate compounds with up to date unseen strong mechanical properties, especially at...

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Paper# B19 B19highaspectratio mgalimbertietal

Nanometric High Aspect Ratio Fillers: Chemical Reactivity with The Polymer Matrix

Author: Galimberti Maurizio*, Cipolletti Valeria, Peli Giulia, Barbera Vincenzina, Bernardi Andrea, Locatelli Daniele, Giannini Luca
Abstract: The research here reported was aimed at improving the compatibility of a high aspect ratio nanometric filler with an elastomer composite. To achieve this goal, the chemical modification of the...

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Paper# B20 B20papernwarasitthinoncgrobertsonacsrubberdivfall20181

The Payne Effect: Primarily Polymer-Related or Filler-Related Phenomenon?

Author: Nuthathai Warasitthinon and Christopher G. Robertson*
Abstract: About 10% of vehicle fuel energy is wasted to overcome the rolling resistance of tires, and the viscoelastic energy losses from the rubber compounds in tires are a major source of rolling...

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Paper# B21 B21manuscriptb21

Tear Testing of Nano-Reinforced Compounds & Their Relation to Macro-Abrasive Wear Tests

Author: August Krupp* and Sateesh Peddini
Abstract: The improved tear initiation and propagation resistance in rubber materials with discrete, well bonded multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), known as MOLECULAR REBAR®, MR, has been well established...

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Paper# B22 B22 paperb22

Butyl Rubber Cellulose Nanocomposites – Lightweight and Low Permeability

Author: Irina Weilert* and Ulrich Giese
Abstract: Butyl rubber is famous for its high permeability resistance and so it is often used in tire industry e.g. as innerliner material. The relative low achievable crosslink density and the poor swelling...

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Paper# B25 B25 basf   draft for acs paper fiinal

Dispersion of Polyethylene imine-coated chopped fibers in Rubber Matrixq

Author: Charles O. Kerobo*, Prabodh Varanasi, Dennis Berry
Abstract: Fibers used to reinforce polymer composites for technical and tire applications are generally coated with Resorcinol Formaldehyde Latex (RFL). RFL, by the nature of chemical composition, contains...

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Paper# B26 B26effectofnewgenerationblacksonrubbervulcanizates

Kinetics of Formation and Degradation of Elastomer Matrix with New Generation Non ASTM Carbon Black

Author: Soumen Chakraborty*, Sudarshan Daw, Rajdeep Mal, Madhumita Paul
Abstract: With the advent of proliferation of new generation car, the service demand of elastomeric parts in automobile sectors bypasses the properties of elastomer and ASTM composite. The new generation non...

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Paper# B27 B27paperacsoct2018tearandhottearinepdmspanosfinal

Overcoming Tear and Hot Tear Strength Issues in EPDM Compounds.

Author: Pete Spanos
Abstract: Tear strength and in particular, hot tear strength is frequently an issue in EPDM molding and extrusion processing. Scrap in part removal from molds, or tears in extruded profiles during processing...

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Paper# B30 B30 foster evaluation offunctionalizedaluminosilicatemicrospheres

Evaluation of Functionalized Aluminosilicate Microspheres in Elastomer Compounds

Author: Doug Foster
Abstract: Customer trials that showed poor mix quality of natural rubber compounds in the absence of a peptizing agent helped provide a base for the experiment. Utilizing these poor mixes and their peptized...

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Paper# B32 B32newpolymericestersforlowpolarityelastomers

New Polymeric Esters for Low Polarity Elastomers

Author: Erica Anderson*, Sean Neuenfeldt, Dejan Andjelkovic
Abstract: Low polarity elastomers such as SBR, EPDM, IIR, and low-ACN (H)NBR have traditionally been used in applications requiring low temperature performance and strong resistance to highly polar solvents,...

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Paper# B33 B33polymermodifiersforincreasedsurfaceenergyofrubberarticles

Polymer Modifiers for Increased Surface Energy of Rubber Articles

Author: Erica Anderson*, Sean Neuenfeldt, Dejan Andjelkovic
Abstract: Surface modification of NBR rollers and other rubber compound articles has received considerable attention in the last decade. The main driver is the desire for higher surface energy as a way to...

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Paper# C10 C10paperoleficpossaddition

Olefinic POSS Additive Effects in HNBR Elastomers

Author: Robert Ou* and Joseph D. Lichtenhan
Abstract: HNBR is a widely used elastomer for which properties can be tailored through the percentage of acrylonitrile vs. olefinic groups, as well as percentage of saturation in the olefinic groups. While...

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Paper# C18 C18ziebellescamilla194th2018c

Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing of Liquid Silicone Rubber using Liquid Additive Manufacturing

Author: Rick Ziebell* and Felipe Escamilla
Abstract: A new 3D printer technology using Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) has recently been developed to produce printed components through a new process called Liquid Additive Manufacturing (LAM). LAM 3D...

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Paper# C20 C20mito

Radiation induced degradation of hydrogenated nitrile rubber

Author: Masayuki Ito* and Shohei Okada
Abstract: Four kinds of hydrogenated nitrile rubber (N2, N4, N6, and N8) were prepared without addition of carbon. The iodine number of N2 and N4 is 4. N6 and N8 have iodine value of 14. The multifunctional...

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Paper# C21 C21giesefullpaperacsfall2018

Thermal Oxidative Aging Mechanisms in Single and Two Phase Elastomer Systems – Characterization of Kinetics and Spatial Evolution

Author: Ulrich Giese*, Helena Hahn, Robert Meyer, Aleksandra Maslak, Jens Meier
Abstract: A long lifetime and high suitability of rubber products and high thermal oxidative stability is an important factor concerning sustainability and requirement on modern rubber materials in several...

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Paper# C22 C22louisvillepaperc22

Importance of Synergism for Combined Radiation plus Temperature Environments

Author: Kenneth Gillen
Abstract: Understanding the importance of synergistic effects that occur in combined radiation (dose rate R) plus thermal aging (temperature T) environments has been of interest for many years. Although a...

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Paper# C23 C23paperc23xc

A Chemo-mechanical Model for Predicting the Lifetime of EPDM Rubbers

Author: Xavier Colin*, Mouna Ben Hassine and Moussa Naït-Abdelaziz
Abstract: A chemo-mechanical model has been built for predicting the long-term mechanical behavior of EPDM rubbers under the combined effects of temperature, oxygen partial pressure and mechanical loading....

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Paper# C24 C24paperc24pazur1

Experimental Determination of the Quantity and Distribution of Chemical Crosslinks in Unaged and Aged Natural Rubber, Part 2: A Sulfur Donor System

Author: Samantha Howse, Christopher Porter, Tesfaldet Mengistu, Ivan Petrov and Richard J. Pazur*
Abstract: A series of unfilled and stabilized natural rubber compounds varying in concentration of tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) was analyzed by using rheometry, hardness, dynamic mechanical...

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Paper# C25 C25elastomerdegradationcompositionprocessinganddesignptuckner

Static Sealing Performance in an Application where Environmental Conditions can Result in Degradation; The Effects of Elastomer Compound Composition, Processing and Design

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: When one talks about degradation, one generally refers to an irreversible change in a component’s properties, related to its material composition and performance in an application. The question...

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Paper# C26 C26solventswellandtimedependentnmrcharacterizationofagednitrilecompounds

Solvent Swell and Time Dependent NMR Characterization of Aged Nitrile Compounds

Author: Deidre Tucker *, R. A. Webb
Abstract: Nitrile rubbers that were peroxide cured and thermally aged at temperatures up to 130 °C for 1000hrs showed significant changes in static as well as linear viscoelastic properties. The focus of...

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Paper# C27 C27acsrubberdivisionconference194c27gdshyu

Long-Term Service Performance Assessment of Downhole Elastomeric Seals

Author: Goang-Ding Shyu*, Xiaobin Huang, Wayne Furlan
Abstract: Long-term exposure of elastomeric seals in the severe oil and gas downhole environment inevitably leads to degradation of elastomers. The degradation process involves not only chemical chain...

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Paper# C28 C28impactofbiooilonthermalstability

Impact of Bio Processing Oils on the Degradation of Automotive Natural Rubber

Author: Alex Perkins and Janice Tardiff
Abstract: The aging of natural rubber results in a loss of mechanical properties. This phenomenon accelerates with exposure to elevated temperatures. Combustion engines continue to have higher operating...

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Paper# C30 C30acsconferencereport2018busfield

Characterisation of the Sticky Debris Generated During Smearing Wear

Author: Guanchang Wu & James Busfield*
Abstract: Smearing wear has often been reported during rubber abrasion especially at milder test severities. In the laboratory researchers often try to avoid it using various methods such as using a drying...

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Paper# C32 C32eduardoyanes

A Chemo-mechanical Model for Predicting the Lifetime of EPDM Rubbers

Author: Eduardo Yanes Nunez* and J.J.C. Busfield
Abstract: There are various methods and specialized equipment to test rubber friction. Because of the unique behavior of rubbers in terms of friction, typical tests need to resemble working conditions in...

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Paper# C33 C33terrillacstractionenhancers2018v1

Effect of Traction Enhancers

Author: Edward R Terrill*, Abdala Bashir, and Renee Meser
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to better understand the potential three routes (compound changes) to improve wet and dry traction of a model tire tread compound. The first, examined the influence of...

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Paper# D01 D01 final low temp elastomer phenyl

Novel Means to Improving Low Temperature Mechanical Properties in a Silicone Elastomer

Author: Brian Thornburg*, Charles Olsen, Erick Sharp
Abstract: Historically, phenyl substituted dimethyl siloxane polymers have been used to achieve good low temperature mechanical properties in silicone elastomers. We have found that improved low temperature...

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Paper# D02 D02 esharp evaluationoflpbdinsiliconecompounds

Evaluation of LPB Modified Silicone

Author: Erick Sharp
Abstract: A multi-factor, general factorial designed experiment was performed to investigate the modification of silicone elastomer compounds with liquid polybutadiene. The factors selected for experiments...

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Paper# D03 D03rd2018cicerchi

Effects of Polymer Structure and Functionality on Final Compounded Properties

Author: Jeffrey A. Cicerchi*, Terrence E. Hogan, Jennifer C. Pekar, Allison J. Balloon
Abstract: Polymerization techniques and technologies can play a key role in the final compounding properties achieved. Polymers with similar monomer ratios and even structures can produce very different...

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Paper# D05 D05advantagesofnewdevelopmentalcariflexelastomerv1

Advantages of New Developmental Cariflex™ Elastomer in Healthcare and Industrial Applications

Author: Aparajita Bhattacharya
Abstract: Cariflex polyisoprene rubber has been in use in the healthcare industry for many years now. Owing to its extreme purity, consistent quality and excellent properties like elasticity, resealability...

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Paper# D06 D06iecdenseswu

NORDEL™ EPDM Technical Solution for Automotive Dense Weatherstrip

Author: Xiaosong Wu
Abstract: Due to its outstanding UV stability, thermal stability, hot air-aging, ozone and excellent polar fluid resistance, EPDM rubber is the material of choice for manufacturers of various automotive...

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Paper# D07 D07paperiec2018

Introduction of New Oil-Resistant Elastomer for Industrial Applications

Author: Mousumi De Sarkar*
Abstract: Denka Company Ltd. has recently developed a new elastomer with outstanding performance balance. The new elastomer, synthesized through controlled polymerization technology, demonstrates excellent...

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Paper# D09 D09acs2018fullpaperbacchellid091

SSBR and Bio-sourced Plasticizers for Sustainable Performance in Conveyor Belt Application

Author: Fabio Bacchelli*, Federico Grasso, Barbara Pellizzari, Mauro Da Via
Abstract: Conveyor belts are commonly used for transporting a wide variety of materials. However, market drivers are progressively demanding larger size, higher strength and total length up to several...

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Paper# D10 D10mariapina

Characterization and Potential Commercial Uses of Pyrolytic Carbon Black Obtained in an Industrial Scale Waste Tire Recycling Process

Author: Maria Pina*, Alejandro Boyaca
Abstract: Pyrolytic carbon black was produced using a rotary kiln oven with a daily batch capacity of 5 tons and potential commercial uses were evaluated. The Pyrolysis was performed in an inert atmosphere...

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Paper# D11 D11 5 reasons to celebrate tool cleaning

5 Reasons to Celebrate Tool Cleaning in Rubber Molding

Author: Steve Wilson
Abstract: For injection and compression rubber molders there is a great demand to increase the productivity of equipment and the quality of parts, while maintaining healthy margins. This can be a balancing...

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Paper# D12 D12 nasreddine newdevelopmentsinevmrubber

New Developments in Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Rubber

Author: Victor Nasreddine
Abstract: EVM/ Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Rubber, a copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate (VA), is a heat and oil resistant elastomer with Mooney viscosities from 20 to 60 and vinyl acetate contents from 40 to...

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Paper# D14 D14processingofaemcompoundsscorchissuesseptember2018

Processing of AEM Compounds – Scorch Issues

Author: Edward McBride
Abstract: AEM compounds meet the needs of many automotive under the hood applications with a combination of heat resistance, low temperature flexibility, fluid resistance and compression set. A key to this...

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Paper# D15 D15paperd15oct2018iecroncampbell

FKM and FFKM Cross Linking Methods and their Effect on Upper Use Temperature of Seals

Author: Ronald R. Campbell* & Thomas S. Reger
Abstract: Different cross linking methods used for FKM and FFKM elastomers will be compared and the different ways of establishing an upper temperature limit will be discussed.Graphs of long term compression...

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Paper# D16 D16 stripe iec 2018 10 1 18

Evaluating Peroxide Blends in HNBR and How this Impacts Cure Speed and Compound Aging Properties

Author: Dana Stripe
Abstract: There are several different classes of organic peroxides used in crosslinking HNBR. The most used are diakyl, alkyl-arakyl, and diaralkyl peroxides. These peroxides offer high activity and good...

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Paper# D17 D17hytemp harber

New Generation HT-ACM Technologies for Highly Demanding Automotive Applications

Author: Samuel Harber
Abstract: As environmental regulations targeting reduced emissions and improved performance are incorporated into new automotive under-the-hood, higher efficiency designs, the functional performance that...

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Paper# D18 D18htfkmcmpdingtoolboxecole3m091018

High Temperature FFKM Compounding Toolbox

Author: Ed Cole
Abstract: Perfluoroelastomers (FFKM) continually find increased usage in aggressive application industries, such as semiconductor, aerospace, chemical processing, and oil & gas, with each passing year....

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Paper# D19 D19gregli

High Heat Resistant EPDM Solution

Author: Greg Li*, Ray Laakso, Yuming Lai, Wenzhao Yang, Sharon Wu, Lena Nguyen
Abstract: Excellent mechanical performance and long-term heat resistance have been key requirements for many automotive Under the Hood applications. The continuous upper temperature resistance (CUTR) of a...

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Paper# D20 D20 abstract zeon hp zetpol final

High Performance HNBR (Zetpol®): New Opportunities for Sealing Applications – Improvements in Compression Set, Long Term Aging and Processability

Author: Paul Ruscoe, Björn Nelson, Kai Kremer*
Abstract: High-Performance HNBR (HP-Zetpol®), developed by ZEON, is a new hydrogenated nitrile rubber based on next-generation technology. HP-Zetpol® HNBR contains unique polymer architecture and a specific...

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Paper# D21 D21albrechtbeckerd21rev2

Understanding and Winning the Market for Heavy Duty Oil Bath Seals

Author: Albrecht Becker
Abstract: The market volume for the US and Canada for wheel end seals for the truck market is ca. $130 MUSD. The major trends in this market are higher temperatures through shorter truck stopping distances,...

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Paper# D22 D22anewfluoroelastomerforhighphenvironments

A New Fluoroelastomer for High pH Environments

Author: Kyle Brundin
Abstract: For some applications, the base resistance of fluoroelastomer (FKM) products is not sufficient. FEPM rubber has excellent base and amine resistance but has poor low temperature flexibility, poor...

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