Technical Paper Archive

This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.

For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to:

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192nd Technical Meeting - 2017 Fall

Date: October 09, 2017
Location: Cleveland, OH

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $800.00

200th Technical Meeting - Fall 2021

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

Featured Papers

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Paper# 01 Iec keynote oct 10 2017 sustaining competitive edge in elastomers sep 30

Opportunities and Challenges in Sustaining Our Competitive EDGE in Elastomers

Author: Paul Boulier
Abstract: Keynote Presentation, 192nd Technical Meeting, 2017. Education, Development, Growth, Empowerment. Market Demand, Innovation, Opportunities & Issues, Economic Ecosystem

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Paper# A02 A2gao

Controlling the Conductive Network Formation of Polymer Nanocomposites Filled with Nanorods Through the Electric Field

Author: Yangyang Gao
Abstract: Facilitating the electric field to fabricate high performance polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) is always a great and promising strategy. In this work, the effect of the electric field on the...

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Paper# A03 A3shibulal

Development of Sulphur Cured Chlorobutyl Rubber Compound with Excellent Cure-Reversion Resistance and Low-Compression Set Properties Using a Novel Crosslinking Co-Agent

Abstract: Vulcanization of chlorobutyl rubber (CIIR) with accelerated sulphur generally produces vulcanizates with fewer cross-linking density owing to the low level of unsaturation present in the backbone...

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Paper# A04 A4krupp

Reinforcement of Rubber Compounds Utilizing Functionalized & Discrete Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes

Author: August Krupp
Abstract: The properties of elastomeric compounds are investigated with completely disentangled and surface functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), commercially known as MOLECULAR REBAR® (MR)....

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Paper# A05 A5meissner

Studies on Novel Functionalized SSBR and Different Type of Silica – Silane Systems on Model Tire Tread Compounds Properties

Author: Natalia Meissner
Abstract: Future tire design needs to deliver more challenging performance for cars and customer requirements, revolutionizing tire technologies to be more intelligent and at the same time more safe....

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Paper# A06 A6nah

A Novel Functional Additive for Tailoring the Cure Reversion, Crosslink Density and Set Properties in Polyisoprene and Chlorinated Isobutylene-Isoprene Rubbers

Author: Changwoon Nah
Abstract: It is well known that the vulcanization of polyisoprene rubber (NR) with the conventional accelerated sulfur system at higher temperature is limited due to cure reversion. On the other hand, the...

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Paper# A07 A7pugh

Development of Polymers Based on 1-Functionalized Benzocyclobutene-based Monomers with Controlled Curing Temperatures

Author: Coleen Pugh*, William K. Storms-Miller, Ajay Amrutkar, Isamau Ono and James S. Baker
Abstract: Benzyocyclobutene (BCB) is important in polymer science for crosslinking reactions because the reaction is thermally activated and no small molecule byproduct is released. Although the high thermal...

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Paper# A08 A8mroessle

Increasing the Mileage – New Functionalized SSBR for Fuel Efficient Tires

Author: Michael Roessle, Christian Döring, Sven K. H. Thiele, Sybill Ilisch, Dominique Thielemann and Daniel Heidenreich
Abstract: Low rolling resistance is the result of a reduced hysteresis energy loss of the cured synthetic rubber in the tire. This property is a result of energy dissipation, which occurs especially at...

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Paper# A09 A9thornton irc2017


Author: Matthew Thornton
Abstract: Elastomeric materials have always relied upon the use of carbon based additives, such as carbon black, to impart both mechanical and physical properties to the elastomeric matrix. These materials...

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Paper# A10 A10xintan1

Reinforcement of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber by Supramolecular Fillers

Author: Xin Tan*, Mengsha Qian, Yihong Zhao, Gary Hamed, and Li Jia
Abstract: Elastomers are inherently weak and must be reinforced by particulate fillers for most practical applications. To achieve substantial reinforcement, the filler particles must be small on...

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Paper# A11 A11wangw

Highly Aging-Resistant Elastomers Doped with Antioxidant-Loaded Clay Nanotubes

Author: Wencai Wang*, Ye Fu, Liqun Zhang, Yuri Lvov
Abstract: A novel aging-resistant styrene−butadiene rubber (SBR) composite is prepared using the antioxidant N-isopropyl-N′-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (4010NA) loaded inside of halloysite clay nanotubes and...

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Paper# A13 A13bacchelli

New developments in truck tyres: performance and sustainability

Author: Fabio Bacchelli*, Federico Grasso, Barbara Pellizzari, Piera De Marco, Giovanni Cuder, Thomas Wu and Salvatore Coppola
Abstract: Pneumatic tyres intended for severe service such as truck tyres may be composed of elastomers comprised primarily of natural rubber with a minor amount of polybutadiene rubber to promote resistance...

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Paper# A15 A15bhowmick


Abstract: Rubber industry is facing a stiff challenge in the years to come. There are rising price for fossil fuel and shortage of resources. There is more stringent legislation to protect the environment...

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Paper# A16 A16galimberti

Anisotropic Effects And Master Curves For Rubbers With sp2 Carbon Allotropes: Towards Light Weight Materials

Author: Galimberti Maurizio
Abstract: This work presents the preparation of lightweight rubber materials with nanosized sp^2 carbon allotropes and discusses the anisotropic nonlinear mechanical behavior of composites based on these...

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Paper# A17 A17maurizio


Author: Galimberti Maurizio
Abstract: Serinol and serinol derivatives were used to promote the mechanical reinforcement and the sulphur based crosslinking of rubber compounds. Reaction of serinol was performed with aldehydes...

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Paper# A18 A18lguy solvayacsfinal


Author: Laurent Guy *, Thomas Chaussée
Abstract: The use of Very High Surface Silica in Green Tire Treads is a key enabler to be able to reach the new CO2 regulations in Passenger Car and Truck for the coming years. The main challenge for these...

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Paper# A19 A19helt

Breakthrough Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Technology Expands Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Elastomers

Author: Jean-Nicholas Helt
Abstract: TUBALL™ is a new single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) product developed by OCSiAl and produced at an industrial scale. It exhibits unique characteristics making it an excellent candidate to enhance...

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Paper# A20 A20sjana

Trade-off between filler dispersion and hysteresis

Author: Sadhan C. Jana*
Abstract: In the development of tire tread compounds, one often encounters two competing scenarios. First, fillers must be dispersed to the scale of a few hundreds of nanometers to obtain the largest window...

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Paper# A22 A22combs

Novel Approach to Coupling Functionalized Carbon Black in Non-Functionalized Elastomer Systems

Author: Zachary A. Combs
Abstract: Functionalized carbon blacks incorporated into functionalized SBR compounds have previously been shown to provide significantly increase filler-elastomer interaction and reduced rolling resistance...

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Paper# A23 A23dierkes

Plasma modification of polymeric single end cords as an alternative to RFL treatment

Author: A. Louis, J.W.M. Noordermeer, W.K. Dierkes*, A. Blume
Abstract: Adhesion between reinforcing fibers and a matrix is crucial for good performance of a wide variety of elastomeric products. RFL treatment is still and was the most commonly used technology to...

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Paper# A24 A24lahtinen

Evaluation of Rubber Process Oils in Winter Tires

Author: Mika Lahtinen*,
Abstract: Global winter tire market is growing at a 4.4% year-on-year rate. Naphthenic tire oils are commonly used in winter tire compounding. They have a very good compatibility with the low polarity, low...

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Paper# A25 A25nikiel

Advanced Carbon Blacks to Enhance Tire Performance.

Author: Leszek Nikiel* and Wesley Wampler
Abstract: Tires are a complicated composite of materials that increasingly need improved performance to meet customer expectations and demands. One of the key areas of performance requiring enhancement is...

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Paper# A26 A26andjelkovic

Powder Liquid Dispersions of Plasticizers to Increase Throughput and Meet Sustainability Goals for Tire Tread Formulations

Author: Dejan Andjelkovic*, Bradley Pentzien, Stephen O’Rourke
Abstract: Sustainability metrics continue to evolve as businesses strive for reductions in carbon footprint. The addition of liquids to rubber compounds leads to handling, incorporation and dispersion issues...

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Paper# A27 A27pillewolf

Performance Improvements with SYLVATRAXX™ Tread Enhancement Additives - Influence of the Selection of Polymers and Polymer Blends

Author: Wolfgang Pille-Wolf
Abstract: Numerous polymers with varying macro and micro structures are offered by the rubber industry for a large variety of tire applications. There are also various performance additives with different...

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Paper# A28 A28puvanatvattana

Vinyl Cis Rubber (VCR) superior polymer for future trends

Author: Toemphong Puvanatvattana
Abstract: Vinyl Cis Rubber (VCR) is cis-1,4-polybutadiene reinforced by highly crystalline fibrous syndiotactic-1,2-polybutadiene. It has been developed and commercialized by Ube Industries Co.,Ltd. The...

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Paper# A29 A29jmyu

Manipulating SSBR Microstructures for Unique Material Properties and Higher Tire Performance

Author: JM Yu*, Chun Lin Chen, Joseph Chiu
Abstract: For tire industry, it’s well known that silica filled solution styrene-butadiene rubber (SSBR) based tire treads offer good traction and reduced rolling resistance simultaneously safety and for...

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Paper# A31 A31jablonowski

Adhesion of Millable (Solid Rubber) Polyurethanes to General Purpose Rubber

Author: Thomas L. Jablonowski
Abstract: Polyurethanes are known for their outstanding abrasion resistance and strength properties, properties that are important for applications such as conveyor belting for mining, footwear, and other...

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Paper# A32 A32dobrynin

Graphene in Mixed Solvents: A Path towards Graphene Films, Emulsions and Foams

Author: Andrey V. Dobrynin
Abstract: Applications requiring pristine graphene derived from graphite demand a solution stabilization method that utilizes an easily removable media. We use large scale atomistic molecular dynamics...

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Paper# A33 A33rodriguezpaper

Adhesion and tensile properties of an aged and non-aged SBR rubber blend, analyzed using Multiscale-Contact-Mechanics and a chemical kinetics aging Model

Author: Nestor Rodriguez
Abstract: This study observed the effect of aging on a Styrene Butadiene-Isoprene (80:20) rubber blend. In particular, we investigated the adhesion between smooth glass and both non-aged and aged rubber. In...

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Paper# A34 A34karaagac


Author: Bağdagül Karaağaç
Abstract: Reinforcing materials in tire production are mainly textile cords, steel cords and steel cables. Textile cords are composed of synthetic polymeric fibres such as poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET),...

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Paper# B01 B1chang

The New Concept of Natural Rubber Quality Check

Author: David Chang
Abstract: In this competitive market, cost effective and high quality product is the most essential target that every Rubber & Tire Company is aiming for. How are we going to check to make sure the quality...

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Paper# B02 B2johndick

Comparison of States of Mix Using the New ASTM Payne Effect Method Versus the ASTM Dispersion Method

Author: John S. Dick* and Edward Norton
Abstract: Compounds based on different base elastomers will breakdown in different ways during the mixing process and have different degrees of interaction with carbon black which affects carbon black...

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Paper# B03 B3kunhao

The Effect of Metal Soaps on Extrusion Rheological Properties of Silica Filled SBR/BR Composites

Author: Kunhao Feng
Abstract: Silica has become the important reinforcing filler for green tire because of its high wet skid resistance and low rolling resistance. While the interaction between silanol groups resulted in a poor...

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Paper# B04 B4ho

New Development in Processing Additives for the Modern Rubber Industry

Author: K. P. Ho* and Jens Schwentner
Abstract: Metal fatty acid soaps, predominantly zinc soaps, have been proven to be very effective as lubricants for almost all types of rubber compounds, helping to improve compound flow, filler(s)...

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Paper# B05 B5jana

The Role of Coupling Agents in Dual Dispersion of Silica and Carbon Black

Author: Sadhan Jana*, Hamad Albehaijan,Darnell Wims, Nicole Swanson and Coleen Pugh
Abstract: Reinforcement is critical to achieve desired performance in rubber compounds. It can be accomplished by the use of two most common reinforcing fillers, carbon black and silica. The present study...

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Paper# B06 B6jorkasky

Silica Mixing

Author: Richard Jorkasky
Abstract: Tire companies are looking at higher levels of silica in tires to achieve better properties. This increase in silica has led to more difficult mixing and downstream processing of the rubber. These...

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Paper# B07 B7gregli

New EPDM Molecular Architecture and Its Effect on Processing Characteristics and Compound Properties

Author: Greg (Guangming) Li
Abstract: There is an increasing need for new EDPM products that provide a balance of mixing/processability, improved mechanical properties, and improved product consistency. Dow’s new catalyst and...

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Paper# B08 B8olsen

Addition Cure HCR: Impact of Inhibitors on the Elastomer Cure Profile

Author: Charles Olsen Jr.*, Hans Haas and George Stamper
Abstract: This paper discusses the effect of inhibitor type, level and combinations of the inhibitors on the cure profile of addition cure silicone HCR. The purpose of the paper is to provide assistance to...

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Paper# B09 B9florianopastorejr

Using Vegetal Tannin to Preserve Natural Rubber Latex and to Decrease or Suppress its Allergenic Action

Author: Floriano Pastore*, João Bosco Peres, Júlia Kramer
Abstract: Allergies caused by natural rubber latex (NRL) products are well-known and a complete solution for the problem has not yet been found. In the same field, there is the issue of the latex biological...

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Paper# B10 B10putzig

Examination of Wall Slipping Effects in EPDM Rubbers as a Function of the Molar Mass, the Mixture Composition and Surface Coatings in the High-pressure Capillary Viscosimeter (HCV)

Author: Katja Putzig* and Ulrich Giese
Abstract: The flow behavior is of great importance for the processing of rubber compounds in extrusion processes. This flow behavior is evaluated by a series of tests on a high-pressure capillary viscometer,...

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Paper# B11 B11rosmus

Case Study: Process Optimization for Highly Filled NBR/SBR Compounds

Author: Travis Rosmus
Abstract: The benefits of implementing an automated mixer control system to replace a manually controlled mixing process are well known. Less variability in the mixing process yields more consistent mixed...

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Paper# B12 B12spadone

Improve Banbury Mix Quality

Author: Leighton Spadone
Abstract: A Mix Procedure specifies the sequence, time, temperature, RPM, type and amount of material added, the ram and door position, and the open-drop-door criteria like time, temperature, rotor turns,...

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Paper# B13 B13blakewhite

FKM Material Storage & Performance Analysis

Author: Blake White
Abstract: The intent of this project uses the engineering materials philosophy that “processing” effects “structure” of the material, in return effecting the measurable “properties” and finally influencing...

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Paper# B15 B15ward

Advanced IP Strategy: You Don't Need a Patent if ....

Author: Jacob Ward
Abstract: Intellectual property (IP) in the form of patents can be very useful as business tools. However, patents are not always the most appropriate form of protection for a new product. Indeed, there are...

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Paper# B16 B16duvall

Living With the New Toxic Substances Control Act

Author: Mark Duvall
Abstract: Game-changing amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) became law in June 2017. In the 16 months since enactment, EPA has been hard at work implementing the new TSCA. This presentation...

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Paper# B17 B17 jasonluo

General Legal Considerations for Product Development in Polymer & Material Industries

Author: Jiazhong (Jason) Luo
Abstract: Innovation is imperative for business success, as well as advancement in any industry, but the intricacies of product development present unique challenges and issues, especially in intellectual...

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Paper# B19 B19butuc finalsept13

Proposed Mechanism for a Novelty Interpenetrating Polymer Network

Author: Gina Butuc*, Auke Talma, Wilma K. Dierkes, Louis Reuvekamp, Anke Blume
Abstract: New applications subjecting elastomeric materials to increasingly hostile environments are expediting the quest for new materials or combinations of exiting materials in such configurations leading...

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Paper# B20 B20bhowmick

Visualizing Rubber Molecules and Their Monomers – A Computer Aided Simulation Approach

Abstract: Visualization of rubber molecules down to the molecular level remains an obscure area in polymer science and technology. In our present study, we have explored the computer aided simulation...

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Paper# B21 B21hoover2017fallb21

“Magic Sulfur”, Cyclododecasulfur: A Novel Vulcanizing Agent

Author: Frederick Ignatz-Hoover*, Scott Barnicki, Robert Hembre
Abstract: The rubber industry depends heavily upon insoluble sulfur (IS) for effective manufacturing of the complex composite rubber articles such as hoses, belts and tires. Commercially available insoluble...

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Paper# B22 B22kruzelak

Rubber Magnets Cured with Peroxide Curing Systems

Author: Ján Kruželák*, Rastislav Dosoudil, Ivan Hudec
Abstract: Rubber magnetic composites were prepared by incorporation of strontium ferrite into rubber matrix based on acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber. Dicumyl peroxide as curing agent in combination with zinc...

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Paper# B23 B23marsrct

Rubber Chemistry and Technology: Trends, Opportunities and Getting Published in Your Scientific Journal

Author: William Mars
Abstract: Since 1928, Rubber Chemistry and Technology has been the premier technical journal for rubber science. Join the RC&T editor for a discussion of the journal's mission, how the journal is performing,...

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Paper# B24 B24neilsen

Predispersed Short Fibers: A Cost Effective Way to Reinforce Rubber Compounds

Author: Joel Neilsen* and Steven Monthey
Abstract: It is a given that the performance of rubber products such as tires, automotive components, industrial or technical rubber goods is under continual pressure to be improved. Concurrently the cost of...

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Paper# B26 B26xdpan

Analysis on Partition Behavior of Hydrocarbon Resins in Tire Compounds of an Immiscible Blend

Author: Xiao-Dong Pan
Abstract: Certain tire compounds can be made of an immiscible blend of a few elastomers. Hydrocarbon resins of high glass transition temperature have been added into compound formulations for performance...

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Paper# B27 B27vanduin

Rationalising EPDM Rubber Compound Data via Master Curves: Not Only Practical but also Enhanced Understanding

Author: Martin van Duin*, Pete Spanos
Abstract: Goal of this work is to show that large compound studies as performed in the rubber industry not only provide short-term solutions for current problems or new optima for running product and...

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Paper# B28 B28pan

Determination of PAHs in Tires by GC/MS and NMR - How Well Does the ISO 21461 (NMR) Method Uphold the EU's Original PAH Standards for the Tires?

Author: Joseph Pan* and Robert Legg
Abstract: EU requires that all tires made in or imported into EU countries must be restricted to < 1.0ppm of benzo(a)pyrene, BaP, and <10ppm of “sum of 8 specified PAHs” (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)...

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Paper# B29 B29graham

The Benefits of Laser Mold Cleaning

Author: Timothy Graham
Abstract: For years, the use of laser technology has been growing in all industrial sectors. At the request of numerous actors in the rubber and polymer injection industry, REP has worked with a...

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Paper# B30 B30kepassuwara

Morphology and Nanomechanical Characteristics of NR/SBR Blends

Author: Anna Kepas-Suwara*
Abstract: Tire tread materials are generally blends of two or more rubbers, fillers and other materials resulting in a rubber compound with complex multiphase morphology. The bulk properties of these blends...

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Paper# B31 B31francescairc2017

A New Constitutive Model for the Nonlinear Viscoelastic Behaviour of Carbon-black Reinforced Rubber in Medium Dynamic Strains and Medium Strain Rates

Author: Francesca Carleo*, E. Barbieri, J.J.C. Busfield
Abstract: The research on the viscoelastic properties of rubberlike materials has attracted much attention, particularly in the automotive and biomedical sectors. Typical traits of such properties include...

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Paper# B32 B32tao

Fatigue Behaviour of Cord-rubber Composites Under a Complex Tension and Bending Loading

Author: Y. Tao*, E. Bilotti, J. J. C. Busfield
Abstract: Unidirectional Carbon Cord reinforced HNBR composites (CF-HNBR) were prepared and stress controlled fatigue tests were carried out under non-relaxed tension-tension conditions. In this paper, the...

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Paper# B33 B33acspaperarlfordfinal

Insights into Material Composition Effects on the Performance of OE Passenger Car Tires

Author: Steve Teertstra
Abstract: This joint paper by Ford Motor Company and ARLANXEO investigates the impact of material composition of original equipment tires (OE) as it relates to their tested performance. This work combines...

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Paper# C07 C7newmarketschallengingopportunitiesascoct171


Author: Inés Alonso Zapirain
Abstract: TPE markets and applications are in a continuous diversification process. New products necessity is a must in the development of raw materials. In this sense Dynasol Group has worked in the...

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Paper# C11 C11kodakuraraycoltd

Liquid Farnesene Rubber for Tire Application

Author: Daisuke Koda
Abstract: Kuraray has developed a series of liquid rubber products with molecular weight ranging from a few thousands to a hundred thousand. These polymers, which consist of isoprene, butadiene, styrene and...

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Paper# C13 C13ignatzhoover

Crystex Cure Pro Insoluble Sulfur – The Next Generation of Insoluble Sulfur

Author: Frederick Ignatz-Hoover
Abstract: Eastman Crystex™ Cure Pro insoluble sulfur is a highly optimized polymeric sulfur specifically engineered for maximum performance characteristics. Crystex Cure Pro demonstrates a combination of...

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Paper# C17 C17palysluperoxairxlperoxide

Luperox® Air-XL™ A New Organic Peroxide for Crosslinking EPDM in Hot Air

Author: Leonard Palys
Abstract: Arkema Inc. is introducing a new organic peroxide Luperox® Air-XL™ for curing EPDM compounds engineered for a wide range of applications including automotive weather seal, profile, gaskets and hose...

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Paper# C21 C21paperc21rubberdivision192

Molecular Modeling for the Design of Novel Functionalised SSBRs for High Performance Tires

Author: Luis Rodriquez-Guadarrama
Abstract: This presentation introduces the Dynasol Group SSBRs porfolio (functionalised and non-functionalised) for high-performance and ultra-high performance tires. It is described the functionalisation...

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Paper# C22 C22sharp

Evaluation of Functionalized Aluminosilicate Microspheres in Elastomer Compounds

Author: Erick Sharp
Abstract: Multi-factor, general factorial designed experiments are performed to investigate the use of functionalized aluminosilicate ceramic microspheres in elastomer compounds. The factors selected for...

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Paper# C27 C27gregli

EPDM Product, Formulation and Process for Making Automotive Sponge Weatherstrip

Author: Greg (Guangming) Li
Abstract: Due to its outstanding UV stability, thermal stability, hot air-aging resistance and excellent polar fluid resistance, EPDM rubber is the material of choice to manufacture various automotive rubber...

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Paper# C28 C28sikora lynch

X-ray Technology for Continuous Online Quality Control and Material Saving during Extrusion of Rubber Hoses

Author: Susan Lynch
Abstract: Since the early 1990’s, SIKORA has been developing and offering X-ray technologies for online quality control of stranded products that continuously assure compliance with product specifications...

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Paper# C29 C29manuscriptc29ndmnondisperisblemattertest

NDM Non-dispersible Matter – a New and Valuable Test for the MRG Industry

Author: Stephan Mueller
Abstract: NDM Non-Dispersible Matter: Value for the rubber industry The quality of the carbon black in a rubber compound directly affects the quality of the extruded profile. Orion Engineered Carbons uses...

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Paper# C30 C30sansalone

Effect of Rubber Viscoelasticity on Seal Dynamic Performance in Rotating Applications

Author: Mickael Sansalone*, Bas Van der Vorst, Michel Organisciak
Abstract: In many applications, the primary task of the seal is to retain the lubricant inside the system. In these cases, a so-called ‘seal life’ ends when the seal starts to leak. When the shaft is out of...

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Paper# C31 C31stevens

Carbon Fiber Cord to Reinforce Rubber Timing Belts – Stress Analysis of Tension with Bending

Author: Ryuichi Tashiro, Shigeki Yonezawa and Christopher A Stevens*
Abstract: Fatigue studies commonly test materials in pure tension, or in three point bending. However, fatigue to failure studies examining the interaction of tension and bending together are not reported....

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Paper# C32 C32ziebellrogers192nd20171

Thermal Carbon Black (N-990) for Processing Performance in Architectural Sealing

Author: Rick Ziebell* and Matt Rogers
Abstract: Synthetic rubber is used in high-rise building architectural sealing and provides superior energy conservation and safety. Extruded rubber architectural seals provide the best in long-term...

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Paper# C33 C33viscoelasticmodellingofextrusiondamageinelastomersealswindslow

Viscoelastic Modelling of Extrusion Damage in Elastomer Seals

Author: Richard Windslow
Abstract: Elastomeric materials are viscoelastic in behaviour which can arise in numerous guises depending on the engineering application. Viscoelastic behaviour in elastomeric seals is quite complex and in...

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Paper# C34 C34paperc33tunnicliffe

Carbon Black Reinforcement of Rubber for Anti-vibration Applications

Author: Lewis B. Tunnicliffe*
Abstract: The mechanical behavior of carbon black reinforced rubber plays a crucial role in controlling the transmission and attenuation of vibrations through, and resonance frequency of, rubber articles....

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Paper# D1 D1drucker

New Market Opportunities for the Rubber Industry in a Dynamic Landscape of Corporate Sustainability Reporting

Author: Will Drucker
Abstract: Corporate sustainability reporting has gone from cutting edge to commonplace in recent years. Over 82% of S&P 500 companies published their sustainability performance in 2016 and industry leaders...

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Paper# D2 D2kutamanuscript

Rubber Powders Comparison via Compression Molding (Sintering)

Author: Antonin Kuta
Abstract: The recycling of cured rubber is not as easy as the recycling of thermoplastics. However there is known the simple way when rubber powder is compressed at high temperature and pressure without any...

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Paper# D4 D4boevermyhre

Use of Recycled Rubber and its Applications

Author: Howard Boever* and Marvin Myhre
Abstract: It is well and good to produce treated or devulcanized rubber from End-of-Life rubber but where is it going to be used. What will it be put into? It can be used by itself but only for lower end...

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Paper# D5 D5noordermeer

Life-time Recycling Loops for Elastomer Products: State-of-the-Art

Author: Jacques Noordermeer
Abstract: With depletion of natural resources and growing awareness of the limited capabilities of the globe to cope with pollution, the need to design life-time recycling loops for all types of products is...

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Paper# D6 Papers available placeholder

A Novel Continuous and Green Technique for the Desulfurization of Waste Tire Rubber Using Multistage Screw Extruder: From Basic Research to Industrial Application

Author: Liqun Zhang, Wencai Wang
Abstract: With the rapid development of the auto industry, waste tires have been posing significant health and environmental concerns. In China, the main ways for reusing waste rubbers include tire retread,...

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Paper# D7 D7gonzales

An Innovative Identification and Degradation Evaluation of Elastomers Using TDP/DART-MS

Author: Derek Gonzales
Abstract: In recent years, environmental concerns and waste disposal problems have been getting worse. Therefore, materials are recycled and reused for either the original product or for other products in...

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Paper# E01 E1anderson2017final

Development of New Generation of Ester Plasticizers for High Temperature Ethylene Acrylic Elastomers

Author: Erica Anderson
Abstract: Ethylene acrylic elastomers have traditionally been used in applications requiring a high level of performance in extreme temperatures and when exposed to a variety of fluids. They are therefore...

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Paper# E02 E2giese

Aging of Rubbers with Saturated Backbone - Influence of Crosslinking Using Peroxides and Measures

Author: Ulrich Giese and Sabine Thust
Abstract: Elastomers based on peroxide cured rubbers have a wide range of applications, especially because of their chemical resistance and excellent compression set. Observed malfunctions are often the...

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Paper# E03 E3iervolino

Ultimate Tensile Properties of Rubber Compounds: Effect of Strain Rate and Temperature

Author: Rossana Lervolino
Abstract: Rubber mechanical properties show strong dependence on the rate at which stresses are applied and on the temperature of measurement, reflecting the change in mobility of molecular chains. Such...

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Paper# E04 E4e4ito

Temperature Dependence of Radiation Induced Degradation of Chlorosulfonyl Polyethylene and Chloroprene Elastomer

Author: Masayuki Ito
Abstract: Two kinds of chlorosulfonyl polyethylene elastomer and two kinds of chloroprene elastomer, both of which have different compounding formula, were investigated. The samples were irradiated with...

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Paper# E05 E5fall 2017 pazur  revised

Activation Energies of Thermo-Oxidized Nitrile Rubber Compounds Of Varying Acrylonitrile Content

Author: Richard Pazur
Abstract: A series of six sulfur cured carbon black reinforced nitrile (NBR) rubber compounds with varying acrylonitrile (ACN) content (18 -49 wt%) was chosen for this investigation. Accelerated heat aging...

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Paper# E06 E6ziebellgonzalezacs192nd2017

In-Mold Bonding of Fluorinated Liquid Silicone Rubber to Thermoplastics and Metals

Author: Rick Ziebell and Jose Gonzalez
Abstract: Dow Performance Silicones has recently released an innovative product line in Fluorinated Liquid Silicone Rubber (FLSR) that offers all the processing advantages of typical LSR and the fluid...

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Paper# E07 E7barnabasshawacsreport

Characterisation of the Cyclic Fatigue Performance of HNBR for use in Dynamic Rubber Seals After Ageing in High Temperatures and Organic Solvents

Author: Barnabas Shaw
Abstract: In many industries including the oil and gas sector, organic solvents are used extensively and come into contact with elastomeric materials. NBR and the more highly saturated HNBR are often...

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Paper# E08 E8chludzinskilordiecpapersubmissiondocumentsfinal09082017

Application Engineering: Adding Value Beyond the Product

Author: Erin Chludzinski
Abstract: From new part design to fully ramped-up production, it is prudent to scrutinize what actually impacts business and the bottom line. Throughout the lifecycle of a manufacturing process, technology...

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Paper# E13 E13aoyagi

Characterization of the Aging Process of EPDM Using NMR and Stress Relaxation

Author: Yuichi Aoyagi*, Ulrich Giese, Juliane Jung ,Rainer Kreisemaier, Klaus Beck
Abstract: With regard of the long term stability of seals, it is well known that the “stress relaxation“-test delivers important information. However, the mechanism of stress relaxation is difficult to...

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Paper# E14 E14influenceofnetworkstructureonelastomerpropertiesblumeoctober112017

Influence of Network Structure on Elastomer Properties

Author: Anke Blume*, Katarzyna S. Bandzierz, Louis A.E.M. Reuvekamp, Jerzy Dryzek, Wilma K. Dierkes, Dariusz M. Bielinski
Abstract: Considerable attention is paid to the influence of crosslink density and crosslink structures on behavior of polymer chains and properties of elastomers. However, a very important parameter seems...

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Paper# E15 E15ramachandran

Critical Plane Selection Under Non-relaxing Simple Tension with Strain Crystallization

Author: Anantharaman Ramachandran*, Ross P. Wietharn, Sunil I. Mathew and William V. Mars, Mark A. Bauman
Abstract: The orientation of cracks initiating under cyclic loading is normally set by the maximum principal direction of the applied stress. In simple tension, this causes cracks to appear perpendicular to...

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Paper# E16 E16nakajima2017

Nanorheological Properties of Filled Rubber Systems

Author: Ken Nakajima
Abstract: We have developed atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based nanomechanical measurement, which offers quantitative mechanical property mapping at nano-scale especially for rubbery materials. The technique...

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Paper# E17 E17poisson

Effect of Time History on Crack Growth of Crystallisable and Non-crystallisable Rubbers

Author: Jean-Louis Poisson*, V. Orlando, A.H. Muhr
Abstract: An automatic method has been developed at TARRC to record the trajectory and growth rate of cracks in stressed rubber-like materials. This method consists of cyclic testing of a flat and...

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Paper# E18 E18characterisationofrubberpolymersandcompounds

Characterisation of Rubber Polymers and Compounds

Author: Thomas Rauschmann
Abstract: With the ever increasing market demand for rubber products, those in compounding and manufacturing are tasked with the challenge of increasing output without sacrificing efficiencies. This...

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Paper# E19 E19sbeswja

Ageing Study and Electrical Resistance Based Stress-monitoring of Rubber Seals

Author: Eshwaran Subramani Bhagavatheswaran
Abstract: In the present study, specific materials are investigated to study the structure-property and seal performance-correlation. Fluoro-elastomer (FKM), silicone rubber (VMQ) and ethylene propylene...

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Paper# E20 E20 chip and cut fall 2017 acs rubber div prl endurica coesfeld new

Characterizing Rubber’s Resistance Against Chip & Cut Behaviour

Author: Radek Stoček, William V. Mars, Reinhold Kipscholl, and Christopher G. Robertson*
Abstract: Tires in service - especially in rough terrain - show a behavior which is well known as the cut and chip (CC) effect. This work describes unique analytical methods to characterize the fracture in...

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Paper# E21 E21takenaka

Scattering Studies on Payne Effects

Author: Mikihito Takenaka
Abstract: Recently, from the point of global warming countermeasures, the reduction of the energy loss in cars has been one of the most important issues. To reduce the loss energy in car driving, it is...

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Paper# E23 E23tuberquia

Rheology of EPDM Compounds Made of Equal Mooney, Equal Composition Polymers: Differentiation Beyond Typical EPDM Parameters

Author: Juan Tuberquia
Abstract: EPDM rubber goods have a proven track record of more than 50 years with Ziegler-Natta (ZN) catalyzed polymers in the center of these developments. However, since 1997, a paradigm shift with single...

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Paper# E24 E24papere24paultuckner2017sealingforceresponseattemperature

Sealing Force Response Characterization Over a Full Temperature Range and its Relationship to Leakage

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: People evaluate the sealing force response of materials to try to estimate when leakage might occur. This is often based on correlated relationships between sealing force responses and actual...

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Paper# E25 E25manuscript

Loss Tangent Mapping in Silica Filled SBR by Nanorheological Atomic Force Microscope

Author: Eijun Ueda and Ken Nakajima
Abstract: Recently, ecology tires have become increasingly popular in order to reduce greenhouse gases. These tires are made from polymer nano-composites (PNCs) which are often composed of styrene-butadiene...

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Paper# E26 E26mukhopadhyay

Factors Influencing Tyre Force and Moment (F & M) Characteristics

Author: Rabindra Mukhopadhyay
Abstract: In an automobile, tyre has to play very crucial role in ensuring dynamic stability of the vehicle which includes cornering, traction, braking, driving and steering effort, providing lateral and...

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Paper# E27 E27terrillacscleveland2017101217v1

Effect of Filler Type on Abrasion Resistance in Natural Rubber Compounds

Author: Edward Terrill
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to better understand the effect of filler type on abrasion resistance of natural rubber compounds. By way of background, silica mixing of natural rubber compounds...

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Paper# E28 E28terrillacsclevelandfall2017101217

Review of Dynamic Mechanical Techniques for Compound Performance Prediction

Author: Edward R Terrill*, Barry Palmer, and Jonathan Martens
Abstract: The purpose of this review is discuss techniques to better understand (and predict) compound performance. The scope of the paper will include: (1) Tire performance prediction (2) Lissajou...

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Paper# E29 E29paperwarasitthinonandrobertsonfinal

Influence of Dynamic Modulus in the Rubbery State on tan[delta] Peak Height with Relevance to Tire Tread Performance Balance

Author: Nuthathai Warasitthinon and Chris Robertson
Abstract: Filler, oil, and curative loadings were systematically varied in a model styrene-butadiene rubber formulation with carbon black as the reinforcing filler. The dynamic mechanical responses of these...

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Paper# E32 E32ellerrobert

Prospects for TPE's in a Shifting Marketplace

Author: Robert Eller
Abstract: This paper will examine current and future status of TPEs with respect to: -maturity -commoditization -a shifting supply chain -globalization -intra-TPE competition -rubber replacement -new...

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Paper# P10 P10 2017iecbyungkyuahn

The Effect of the Type of Organosilane Agents on the Vulcanizate Structure of SSBR/Silica Vulcanizates

Author: Byungkyu Ahn, Nam Park, Jongyeop Lee and Wonho Kim
Abstract: Student Poster Session At present, rubber compounds for tire using silica as a reinforcing filler for better viscoelastic properties. Silica wet masterbatch (WMB) technology has been developed for...

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Paper# P17 P17taeyoungyoon

Study on the effect of fatty acid ester on the ozone resistance of Chloroprene Rubber

Author: T.Y.Yoon
Abstract: Student, colloquium Fatty acid esters were synthesized by the combination of one type of fatty acid with three types of alcohols, and effect of fatty acid ester on mechanical properties and ozone...

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Paper# P2 P2 2017iec

Absorption and Fusion Behaviors of Pseudo-Elastomeric PVC Blends Using Nontoxic Ultra-Small-Branched Star Poly(ε-caprolactone)s

Author: Woohyuk Choi
Abstract: Student Poster Session Development of USB-SPCLs as Nontoxic Alternative Plasticizers for Pseudo-Elastomeric PVC

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Paper# P3 P3cruz

Comparative Rheological and Simulated Aging Study of Technically Specified Rubber (TSR) 20 from the Philippines

Author: Audric Zuriel C. Cruz
Abstract: Student Colloquium Local rubber manufacturers commented that technically specified rubber 20 (TSR 20) from the Philippines (i.e. SPR 20) have significantly varying processability characteristics...

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Paper# P7 P7 2017iec

Elastomeric and Leathery Characteristics of Hyperbranched-Polyglycerol-Functionalized Poly(vinyl chloride)

Author: Kyu Won Lee
Abstract: Student Poster Session Development of Highly Flexible and Migration-Free Poly(vinyl chloride) Graft Copolymer

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Paper# S10 S10schulze2017investigationofcrackpropagationinfilledrubberblends

Investigation of crack propagation in filled rubber blends by combining tear fatigue tests with new image processing algorithms and crack surface evaluations

Author: Annegret Schulze
Abstract: Student Colloquium Tear Fatigue Analysis: cyclic testing of NR and different NR + synthetic rubbers Determination of crack length and crack tip coordinates using a new image processing algorithm...

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Paper# S12 S12ircs12

Leakage of HNBR Seals at Low Temperatures

Author: Anton G. Akulichev
Abstract: Objectives: to understand the phenomena governing the leakage of static HNBR seals in flange-type joints at sub-ambient temperatures; study the effects of material composition, surface roughness...

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Paper# S5 S5tuhinsaha


Abstract: Molecular dynamics simulation (MD) was executed on butadiene based model elastomers to understand their thermal decomposition characteristics. The simulation was carried out on 40 monomer units...

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Paper# S6 S6sahaetal


Abstract: Student Colloquium In the need of soft and reprocessable dielectric material for electronic applications, a novel thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) was developed from Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)...

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Paper# S7 S7galvanenhancingthereinforcingeffectofphilippinekaoliniteclayfinal

Enhancing the Reinforcing Effect of Philippine Kaolin Clay via Simple Treatment Process

Abstract: Student Colloquium. Enhancing and Increasing Local Content in Rubber for Motorcycle Tire Application. Objectives: to improve the quality of kaolin clay mined in the Philippines via simple...

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Paper# S9 S9acsclevelandteich

Investigation of a multi-component injection molding process and its influence on the adhesion between PA and EPDM

Author: Sebastian Teich
Abstract: Student Colloquium In technical products, e.g. of the automotive sector, the use of a glass fiber reinforced thermoplastic like PA and crosslinked elastomers such as EPDM or NR is an common chosen...

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