Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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158th Technical Meeting (Incomplete)

Date: October 17, 2000
Location: Cincinnati, OH

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $900.00

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

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Paper# 9 2000fall9

Liquid EP(D)M Polymers in Mechanical Goods Applications

Author: William Sigworth
Abstract: The uses of liquid EP(D)M as a performance additive in tire compounds and general purpose elastomer applications based on natural rubber and SBR, as the major polymeric component in sealants, and...


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Paper# 14 2000fall14

Keltan® 7341A: A new CLCB Sponge Grade for High Performance and Consistency

Author: Michiel J. Dees*, John H.J.H. Beelen, and Jagdish R. Patel
Abstract: The automotive industry consumes more than 50% of the total EPDM production, making it a very important end market for the EPDM suppliers. This industry segment continues to impose more stringent...


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Paper# 15 2000fall15

Improved Processing Low Temperature Fluorohydrocarbon Elastomers

Author: Steve Bowers* and Eric Thomas
Abstract: Fluorohydrocarbon elastomers (FKM) for low temperature service are typically tetrapolymers comprising the monomers vinylidene fluoride (VF2), tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), a perfluoroalkylvinylether...


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Paper# 21 2000fall21

Polyether Block Amide Resins: Bridging the Gap between Thermoplastics and Rubbers

Author: Gary M. Dennis*, and Greg O'Brien
Abstract: One of the more recent adaitions contributing to the overall growth of the thermoplastic elastomer (TPE's) family of product offerings is a polyether block amide (PEBA) resin commonly called Pebax®...


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Paper# 22 2000fall22

Effect of Polyamide Grafted Compatiblizer on the Adhesion of Thermoplastic Vulcanizates to Polyamide Substrates

Author: Reza Sadeghi*, Edwin Willems, & Ryszard Brzoskowski
Abstract: Addition of polyamide (PA) grafted compatibilizer to Polypropylene (PP) and ethylenepropylene terpolymer (EPDM) was found to increase the adhesion strength significantly in polyamide injection...


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Paper# 30 2000fall30

Nonlinear Modeling of Fiber-Reinforced Elastomers and the Response of a "Rubber Muscle" Actuator

Author: Larry D. Peel* and David W. Jensen
Abstract: Elastomeric composite structures are modeled simply but quite accurately by adding material, geometric and fiber-rotation nonlinear models to CLPT. For the current quasi-static work, nonlinear...


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Paper# 33 2000fall33

Compound Optimization Using a New Low Viscosity EP(D)M Polymer *speaker in Injection Molding Applications

Author: N. Dhannarajan * and R. Liotta
Abstract: A new low viscosity ethylene propylene diene, EP(D)M, terpolymer designated as V5504 has been designed for injection molded goods application. The catalyst used in the synthesis of the EP(D)M...


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Paper# 39 2000fall39

TPV Automotive Weatherseal Design: Glass Run Channel Case Study

Author: Scott D. Schrader* and Viktor Wilhelmy
Abstract: The design of an automotive glass run channel weatherseal is investigated using finite element analysis (FEA) techniques. In particular, the necessary design modifications are determined for...


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Paper# 42 2000fall42

BONDING OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS TO PLASTICS DURING MULTI-COMPONENT INJECTION MOLDING PROCESSES

Author: M. Mehta, G. Verma, C.M.F. Barry and R.G. Stacer
Abstract: An experimental investigation has been conducted to study the development of bond strength between thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) and conventional thermoplastics during multi-component injection...


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Paper# 43 2000fall43

Multi Layer Molding Employing "The Esta Grip TM TPE System"

Author: Gilbert Martello
Abstract: Adhesion between the over-molded polymer and the substrate can be a critical requirement for part performance. We had done only a limited amount of study dedicated to exploring the differences in...


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Paper# 59 2000fall59

Optimising the use of Disulphide Silane in a Silica "Green Tyre" Tread Compound

Author: C.R. Stone*, Dr. K.-H. Menting and M. Hensel
Abstract: When mixing silica reinforced SSBR/BR passenger tread compounds the best silane coupling is achieved by a special mixing procedure. Unfortunately this procedure tends to cause degradation of the...


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Paper# 62 2000fall62

THE IMPACT OF E-BUSINESS IN THE THERMOPLASTICS ELASTOMER INDUSTRY

Author: Garrett Gee and Jay Dwivedi
Abstract: The thermoplastic elastomer {TPE) industry is an intricate network of raw material suppliers, component manufacturers, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), processors, distributors, and other...


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Paper# 63 2000fall63

"NEW TPE BONDING TECHNOLOGY AND VARIOUS OVERMOLDING PROCESSES COMBINE FOR CREATIVE, COST-EFFECTIVE TPV APPLICATIONS

Author: Ostin H.C. Tan and Shaival Mehta
Abstract: Thermoplastic Vulcanizates (TPV s) have been commercially available for nearly twentyyears. Creative industrial design, innovative overmolding techniques and advances in TPVphysical and engineering...


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Paper# 69 2000fall69 muhr

FRACTURE AND STRESS ANALYSIS OF BONDED RUBBER BLOCKS IN SIMPLE SHEAR

Author: Alan Muhr, I.H. Gregory
Abstract: Finite element analysis is used to compare the theoretical simple shear state of strain with the 'nominal simple shear' deformation of a block of rubber two faces of which are stress-free...


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Paper# 75 2000fall75

The Chemistry of Vulcanization of Rubber

Author: Peter R. Dluzneski
Abstract: As an alternative to sulfur for curing elastomers, peroxides usually yield better heat aging and compression set properties. The reason for this is that the chemistry of peroxide curing is very...


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Paper# 76 2000fall76

Safe use of organic peroxides for crosslinking

Author: J. Peter Wakker* and Jan J. de Groot
Abstract: Organic peroxides are frequently used within industry for the crosslinking of elastomers and thermoplastics. The properties of organic peroxides in relation to the processing techniques have been...


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Paper# 77 2000fall77

COAGENT SELECTION FOR PEROXIDE-CURED ELASTOMERS

Author: Richard Costin, Walter Nagel, and Clay B. McElwee
Abstract: Sulfur-accelerator cure of elastomers has been extensively evaluated in an effort to overcome shortcomings of the sulfur-cure system. These sulfur-cure shortcomings include: poor heat age...


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Paper# 85 2000fall85

Rubber Recycling Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Chandrasekaran R. Pillai* and Harl Chandra
Abstract: Presentation Slides Only! Discusses process and markets for recycling rubber.


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Paper# 87 2000fall87

Compression Molding of Pulverized Rubber

Author: Ecevit Bilgili*, Adam Dybek, Hamid Arastoopour, and Bany Bernstein
Abstract: We employed a two-stage recycling process to reuse a rubber waste. First, the granulates of the waste were pulverized in a single screw extruder using the Solid State Shear Extrusion (SSSE)...


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Paper# 97 2000fall97

Predispersions of Peroxides and Coagents

Author: John Kellgren and Anders H. Johansson
Abstract: Peroxides are finding wider acceptance in the rubber industry as a means to provide products with superior heat aging properties and low compression set. The physical form of the peroxides and the...


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Paper# 99 2000fall99

Optimizing the Heat Resistance of EPDM and NBR

Author: Bob Ohm*, Ralph Annicelli, Tom Jablonowski, Chitta Lahiri and Russ Mazzeo
Abstract: Both ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM) and acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer {NBR) can be crosslinked with sulfur or peroxide cure systems. The heat resistance of each polymer vulcanizate...


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Paper# 100 2000fall100

Techniques for Bonding Rubber to Metal Using Metallic Coagents

Author: Richard Costin * and Walter Nagel
Abstract: We have previously reported on the use of metallic coagents as crosslinkers for peroxide cured elastomers. They are effective crosslinkers for both saturated and unsaturated elastomers and may be...


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Paper# 104 2000fall104

Synthesis, Bromination and Cure of lsobutylene/lsoprene/p-Methylstyrene and lsobutylene/lsoprene/Styrene Terpolymers

Author: Gabor Kaszas* and Binh Tran
Abstract: High molecular weight isobutylene/isoprene/p-methylstyrene and isobutylene/isoprene/styrene terpolymers containing up to 10.6 mol% p-methylstyrene and 3.6 mol% styrene were synthesized using AlCl3...


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Paper# 110 2000fall110

COMPOUNDING WITH REGENERATED RUBBER - Part 1

Author: Marvin J. Myhre and Duncan A. MacKillop
Abstract: Over the past few years a number of companies have developed, patented and marketed technologies that can regenerate scrap crumb rubber referred to in this paper as 'crumb'. The crumb regenerated...


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Paper# 111 2000fall111

Towards Total Recyclability of Tire Derived Materials

Author: Andrzej Kolinski
Abstract: Several years ago NRI Industries Inc. has developed a strategy to integrate of the output from its new Tire Recycling Unit (TRU) into the Company's manufacturing process. The TRU produces rubber...


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Paper# 115 2000fall115a

Increased Cure Rates of Vamac® (AEM) Dipolymers and Terpolymers Using Peroxides

Author: Edward McBride*, Howard J. Barager and Klaus Kammerer
Abstract: Cure systems have been developed for both Vamac® (AEM) terploymers and dipolymers, which significantly reduce mold cycle times. New developments in the use of selected peroxide/coagent systems to...


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Paper# 116 2000fall116

PEROXIDE CROSSLINKING OF SILICONE COMPOUNDS

Author: Nijhof, L and Cubera, M.
Abstract: The discovery of peroxide crosslinking of elastomers by organic peroxides dates from more than eight decades ago, when experiments were described concerning the reaction of polymers with organic...


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Paper# 117 2000fall117

IMPACT OF 42 VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS ON THE ELECTROCHEMICAL RESISTANCE OF PEROXIDE CURED AUTOMOTIVE COOLANT HOSES

Author: Michael C. Bulawa
Abstract: Ethylene-propylene rubber has been used in ground transportation coolant hoses for over 30 years. Over the past 10 years, one primary failure mechanism of EPDM coolant hoses has been identified...


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Paper# 118 2000fall118

Base Resistant Fluoroelastomers

Author: Marco Apostolo*
Abstract: It is well known that vinylidcene fluoride (VDF) based fluoroelastomers, despite their intrinsic chemical resistance due to fluorine, are susceptible to nucleophilic attack by amines. These amines,...


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Paper# 122 2000fall122

Aqueous vs. Solvent Based Coating for Functional and High-Slip Automotive Weatherstrip Applications

Author: Walter C. Wilhelm
Abstract: User friendly, environmentally safe, wide processing parameters and good performance at lower cost: Industry continues to ask for more user-friendly products that offer wider processing...


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Paper# 126 2000fall126

Improved Heat & Compression Set Resistance Polyacrylate Elastomers, Part A: Polymer Development

Author: lsao Kubota* and Hiroshi Kanno
Abstract: Polyacrylate elastomers (ACM) are widely used in the automotive industry because of their excellent resistance to lubricating oils and greases. They can be formulated to resist high temperatures of...


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