Technical Paper Archive


This site contains all papers presented at Rubber Division, ACS Technical Meetings from 2000-2018. Meetings prior to 2000 are incomplete and papers are added as they are digitized.


For older papers not listed here, please send your request, including Meeting Year, Title, Author, and Paper # to: cbrady@rubber.org


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190th Technical Meeting - 2016 Fall

Date: October 10, 2016
Location: Pittsburgh, PA

For session schedule, download the Fall 2016 Show Guide: https://www.rubber.org/Data/Sites/22/Assets/pdfs/showguide-iec2016.pdf

Full set price (if using a coupon, choose select all below instead): $800.00

198th Technical Meeting - Fall 2020

196th Technical Meeting - Fall 2019

195th Technical Meeting - 2019 Spring

194th Technical Meeting - Fall 2018

193rd Technical Meeting - 2018 Spring

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Paper# 8 1 mathews t p8 1

Contact Patch Characterization through Finite Element Modeling and Experimental Testing

Author: Thomas Mathews
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present an in-depth analysis of the contact patch behavior of a passenger car tire. A P235/75R15 tire has been adopted for this study. Understanding the way the...


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Paper# 9 2 k a p9 1

Very High Frequency Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Rubbery Compounds in Light of Tyre Application an Assessment Using VHF 104 Analyser

Author: Anas K
Abstract: Rubbery materials undergo deformation at sufficient magnitude and frequency during actual end use condition. In tyre ,the Wet grip is correlated at High frequency range (10 4-10 5 Hz) and Rolling...


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Paper# 11 4 wu g p11 1

Characterization of the Sticky Debris Generated on Rubber Surface during Abrasion

Author: Guangchang Wu and James Busfield
Abstract: Researchers have devoted a lot of time trying to understand the fundamental mechanisms of rubber abrasion based on various laboratory testing and how it determines the final wear performance of...


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Paper# 12 Vadakkeveetil p12

Pressure Dependent Rubber Friction Model

Author: Sunish Vadakkeveetil, Anahita Emami and Saied Taheri,
Abstract: In a study conducted at the Center for Tire Research (CenTiRe), Persson’s friction model was reproduced. Persson’s friction model is a novel approach which develops a contact mechanics model by...


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Paper# 13 Terrill paper no 13

Effect of Filler Type and Mix Method and Filler Type on Abrasion Resistance

Author: Ed Terrill
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to better understand the effect of mix method on abrasion resistance. We varied the mix method, including time and temperature. The scope included two filler types...


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Paper# 14 8 tardiff j p14 1

Effect of Ssbr Composition and Functionality on Tire Tread Compound Performance Characteristics

Author: Janice Tardiff, Madeline Harper, Dan Haakenson, Maria Joandrea and Matthew Knych
Abstract: The polymers selected to create tire tread materials have the largest impact on the performance characteristics of the tire. Compounding studies were conducted on sSBR rubber materials with high...


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Paper# 15 9 kounavis j p15 1

Compound Design Considerations with Silica Masterbatch for Various Tread Performance Requirements

Author: John Kounavis, Julian Maldonado, Luis Fernando Panayeta and Christopher Hardiman
Abstract: The use of silica in tire tread applications has been well known to provide improved benefits in rolling resistance and wet traction performance. The standard method of compounding a tire tread...


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Paper# 16 1 michel f p16 1

Compositional Analysis of Taraxacum kok-saghyz Roots, an Alternative Source of Natural Rubber

Author: David A. Ramirez-Cadavid, Frederick C. Michel Jr.*, and Katrina Cornish
Abstract: Natural rubber (NR) is a critical raw material nearly all of which is produced in Asia from a single plant species. This lack of biological and geographical diversity, coupled with burgeoning...


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Paper# 19 3 vodovotz y p19 1

Fabrication and Improved Performance of Poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) for Packaging By Addition of High Molecular Weight Natural Rubber

Author: Yael Vodovotz, Sunny Modi, Katrina Cornish, Kurt Koelling
Abstract: The packaging industry is searching for alternative materials to attain environmental sustainability. PHBV (poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)) is a semi-crystalline polymer that meets...


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Paper# 20 5 bergmann c p20 1

The Influence of BIO-Based Plasticizers on the Sulfur Vulcanisation of the Tire Compounds

Author: Cristina Bergmann
Abstract: In last few years, the efforts to reduce the environmental footprint of tires have been intensified by moving from fossil based goods to more sustainable products based on biomass. Research...


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Paper# 21 6 henning s p21 1

The Synthesis and Characterization of Farnesene-Based Oligomers

Author: Steven Henning* and Taejun Yoo
Abstract: A bio-based route to the production of trans-β-farnesene has recently been commercialized. Trans-β-farnesene is capable of being polymerized by both anionic and cationic pathways, creating low...


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Paper# 22 Pugh c p22

Biocomposites Based on Soy

Author: Coleen Pugh*, Paula Watt, Mehta and Abdala Bashir
Abstract: Because of growing environmental concerns and depleting petroleum resources, the quest for renewable plant-based composites has increased recently. Plants are increasingly becoming a major source...


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Paper# 23 1 noordermeer j p23 1

MAIN Governing Factors Influencing Mechanical Properties of Short Aramid-Fibres Reinforced Elastomers

Author: Jacques W.M. Noordermeer*, Nada Vleugels, Wilma K. Dierkes, Dick Schipper and Anke Blume
Abstract: Short fibres are embedded into many types of polymers to raise mechanical properties, in particular the E-modulus, and for reasons of cost reduction of moulded articles. In elastomeric applications...


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Paper# 24 2 vaikuntam s p24 1

In-Situ Generation of Silica Nanoparticles in Solution Styrene Butadiene Rubber -a Possible Material Solution to Improve the Performance of Rubber

Author: Sankar Raman Vaikuntam*, Amit Das, Sven Wiessner and Gert Heinrich
Abstract: From material’s point of view, silica filled tires are a novel solution to improve the fuel efficiency of PC vehicles by reducing the tire rolling resistance. Additionally, they also offer good wet...


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Paper# 25 Unavailable paper 25

Surface Engineering Approach for Enhanced Filler Dispersion and Hysteresis Reduction in Silica/Carbon Black Rubber Compounds

Author: Hamad Albehaijan*, Nicole Swanson, Prasad Raut, Coleen Pugh and Sadhan C. Jana
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE Energy efficient tires have been the focus of the tire industry for the past few decades due to the high fuel prices and more environmental regulations. Different research...


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Paper# 26 4 blume a p26 1

Functionalized SBRs in Silica-Reinforced Tire Tread Compounds: Interactions with Filler and Zinc Oxide

Author: Anke Blume*, Somayeh Maghami, Wilma K. Dierkes, Tanya Tolpekina, Steven Schultz, Louis Reuvekamp and Jacques W.M. Noordermeer
Abstract: Unlike carbon black, silica is polar and naturally not compatible with non-polar hydrocarbon elastomers. This lack of interaction or compatibility between the filler and the elastomer typically...


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Paper# 27 6 subramani bhagavatheswaran e p27 1

Electrical Resistance Assisted Prediction of Stress Relaxation in Rubber Parts

Author: Eshwaran Subramani Bhagavatheswaran*, Sven Wiessner, Amit Das and Gert Heinrich
Abstract: Visco-elastic properties of rubber, namely dynamic storage modulus (E’) and dynamic loss modulus (E”), are influenced immensely by the operating conditions such as duration, temperature, humidity,...


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Paper# 29 1 liang t p29 1

Ultrasonically Extruded SBR, BR and Their Blend Filled with Silica after Extrusion

Author: Tian Liang*, Guodong Deng, Edward Norton, Kevin Cavicchi and Avraam I. Isayev
Abstract: Extrusion of SBR, BR and 50/50 SBR/BR blend without and with ultrasonic treatment at amplitudes 3.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 µm was carried out and their molecular structure was determined. Significant...


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Paper# 37 1 zhang l p37 1

Some Research of Non-Petroleum Based Synthetic Elastomers

Author: Liqun Zhang*, Runguo Wang and Junfeng Chu
Abstract: Because of their unique high elasticity, elastomers, generally acknowledged as strategic materials, find wide applications in industry, national defence, and also in our daily life. However, the...


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Paper# 38 2 d %c2%a6ring c p38 1

Functionalized SSBR - a Key Component for Fuel Efficient Tires

Author: Christian Döring* and Sven Thiele
Abstract: The Schkopau site in Germany has meanwhile a 16 years history of commercial production of SSBR and of low cis BR. Together with the 6th anniversary of Trinseo this represents a good opportunity to...


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Paper# 39 3 moctezuma e. s p39 1

F-SSBR and SSBR for High Performance Tires: Reinforcement and Dynamic Properties of Silica-Based Tire Tread Compounds

Author: Sergio A. Moctezuma E*, Luis Rodriguez-Guadarrama, John Kounavis and Christopher Hardiman
Abstract: Several generations of solution styrene-butadiene rubbers (SSBR) and functionalized solution styrene-butadiene rubbers (F-SSBR) have been developed to improve the balance between otherwise...


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Paper# 40 4 warasitthinon n p40 1

Modified Styrene-Butadiene Rubber for Enhanced Polymer-Filler Interaction and Reduced Hysteresis

Author: Nuthathai Warasitthinon
Abstract: Styrene-butadiene rubber was chemically modified to introduce polar functional groups along the polymer chain. The influence of degree of polymer functionality on properties of silica-reinforced...


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Paper# 41 Unavailable paper 41

Study on Decrease of Molecular Weight of Low Cis-Polybutadiene Rubber

Author: Mingbo Shao
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE The molecular weight of Low cis-polybutadiene rubber(LCBR) has been decreased in this work by treating silicon coupling LCBR with the elemental iron and iodine. The carbon...


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Paper# 42 7 hogan t p42 1

The Effect of Stereochemistry in Anionic Polymerization Modifiers

Author: Terrence Hogan*, Waruna Kiridena and Laura Kocsis
Abstract: The influence of stereochemistry of polar modifiers on the microstructure of polybutadiene and poly(styrene-co-butadiene) was evaluated for 2,2’-ditetrahydrofurylpropane (DTHFP). The meso and D,L...


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Paper# 43 Unavailable paper 43

Synthesis and Application of Polybutadiene-g-Polypentafluorostyrene in Rubber

Author: Coleen Pugh*, Nicole Swanson, Prasad Raut and Sadhan C. Jana
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE Perfluorinated aromatic rings (electron-deficient) interact with aromatic hydrocarbons (electron-rich) by pi-pi stacking interactions. Since many rubber fillers, such as carbon...


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Paper# 44 9 norton e p44 1

Processability Measurements for Improved Characterization of Synthetic Elastomers By Dynamic Oscillatory Shear and Rotating Shear Viscometers

Author: Edward Norton
Abstract: The base elastomer(s) of a rubber compound has a great effect on every step of the rubber manufacturing process from the mixing operation to the final product performance. Historically, the Mooney...


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Paper# 46 2 chollakup r p46 1

Effects of Carbon Blacks on Mechanical Properties and Heat Build-up of Rubber Compounds

Author: Rungsima Chollakup*, Sukontip Suethoa, Potjanart Suwanruji and Rattana Tantatherdtam
Abstract: This research was studied the effect of carbon black on the properties of rubber composite in order to apply it for energy-saved tire. Carbon black as reinforcement agent with different grades N330...


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Paper# 47 3 cornish k p47 1

Waste-Derived Reinforcing Fillers in Guayule and Hevea Natural Rubber

Author: Katrina Cornish
Abstract: As the world moves toward a sustainable bio-economy, researchers are developing replacement biomaterials for petroleum-derived products, with the goal of achieving comparable or superior...


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Paper# 48 4 mcmahan c p48 1

Effect of Protein Addition on Properties of Guayule Natural Rubber

Author: Colleen M. McMahan
Abstract: Effect of Protein Addition on Properties of Guayule Natural Rubber Parthenium argentatum, commonly known as guayule, is a U.S. native desert shrub cultivated as a domestic source of natural rubber...


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Paper# 49 6 sauty n p49 1

Synthesis and Compounding of Epoxidized Guayule Natural Rubber

Author: Nicolas Sauty
Abstract: In 2012, Cooper Tire & Rubber Company (as part of a consortium) was awarded a $6.9 million Biomass Research and Development Initiative grant to study the Guayule plant as an alternative to Hevea...


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Paper# 50 7 tardiff j p50 1

Investigations into the Use of Guayule in Automotive Rubber Part Formulations

Author: Janice Tardiff*, Mariya Titova and Madeline Harper
Abstract: Guayule has been evaluated as an alternative to hevea natural rubber since the early 1900s. Recent price fluctuations of hevea natural rubber, driven by increased global demand for the material,...


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Paper# 51 8 walters z p51 1

Progress Toward a Guayule Derived Tire

Author: Zachary Walters*, Howard Colvin
Abstract: Cooper Tire & Rubber Company is the lead entity in a consortium that is working under a $6.9 million Biomass Research and Development Initiative (BRDI) grant to advance science in the areas of...


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Paper# 61 2 spelta a p61 1

Development of a New Catalyst System in Slurry Process to Obtain New EP(D)M Grades

Author: Angelo Lucio Spelta
Abstract: A new highly versatile catalyst system was developed at industrial scale to be used in a slurry process to obtain new EP(D)M grades. The new catalyst system is characterized by higher...


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Paper# 62 Kamyar alavi p62

Embracing the Change: Naphthenic Rubber Process Oils for EPDM Applications

Author: Kamyar Alavi
Abstract: It has been a well-known fact that the base oil landscape has, for some time now, been going through a period of change, where the decline of so called group I refineries has opened up a gap in the...


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Paper# 63 4 piancastelli p p63 1

New Sustainable Solutions for Industrial Tyres

Author: Patrizia Piancastelli*, Fabio Bacchelli and Laura Lanzavecchia
Abstract: Versalis is currently following a long term route in the forefront of chemistry from renewable sources. This business model, based on the environmental sustainability of the entire production...


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Paper# 64 6 dierkes w p64 1

C2C Technology for Passenger CAR Tire Rubber By a Continuous Devulcanization Process

Author: Wilma K. Dierkes*, Sitisaiyidah Saiwari, J.W.M. Noordermeer, Anke Blume, Geert Heideman and Hans van Hoek
Abstract: s a means for decreasing the amount of waste tires and for re-using tire rubber for new tires, devulcanization of ground passenger car tires is a promising approach. Being an established technology...


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Paper# 65 7 jia l p65 1

Particulate Beta-Sheet Nanocrystal-Reinforced Supramolecular Elastomers

Author: Li Jia
Abstract: Many synthetic supramolecular thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are analogs of natural silks in the sense that both types of materials contain b-sheet crystalline domains that serve to crosslink and...


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Paper# 66 8 frenzel u p66 1

New HNBR Compounds to Meet Stringent High Temperature and Media Resistance

Author: Ulrich Frenzel*, Susanna Lieber, Sarah David, Karola Schneiders, Hiyam Salem and Daryl Meyer
Abstract: Advances towards more sustainable automotive technology created challenges for the necessary rubber parts used in seals and hoses. The chemically very aggressive bio-diesels for example have forced...


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Paper# 67 1 chapman a p67 1

Characterization of Silica Modified with Silanes Using Thermogravimetric Analysis Combined with Infrared Detection

Author: Andrew V. Chapman
Abstract: The introduction of tire labelling and legislation in Japan, Europe, Korea and elsewhere is increasing the demand for tires with both reduced rolling resistance and increased wet grip. This can be...


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Paper# 68 2 wolf h p68 1

LSR - Innovations

Author: Hans Peter Wolf* and P. Beyer
Abstract: Since Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) was introduced in the late 1970’s it has made its way into many markets and applications as a result of continued enhancements to the processing technology and...


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Paper# 69 Unavailable paper 69

Properties and Performance of Silicone Rubber

Author: Stephen Clarson* and James Mark
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE Through careful chemistry, siloxane molecules can be chemically crosslinked to give molecular network structures. Such network structures include: silicone rubbers; silicone...


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Paper# 70 4 manek k p70 1

Reality and Simulation: Physical and Virtual Molding of "Ursula"

Author: Kaushik Manek
Abstract: Since their introduction more than 30 years ago, LSRs (liquid silicone rubbers) have been showcasing feasibility of the most complex geometries in flash- and waste-less elastomers molding. The...


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Paper# 71 Olsen p71 new

Formulating with Vinyl Gums for Addition Cure HCR

Author: Charles Olsen*, Hans Haas and Claudio Diaz
Abstract: This paper will provide the formulator with a starting point for understanding and preparing addition cure HCR compounds. We will examine the differences between the more familiar peroxide...


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Paper# 72 7 pisula w p72 1

Synthetic Amorphous Silica for Silicone Rubber Compounding

Author: Wojciech Pisula
Abstract: The silicone industry as we know it would be inconceivable without the use of synthetic silica. The molecular formulas for precipitated [1] and fumed silica [2] are identical: SiO2, their...


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Paper# 73 8 ganachaud f p73 1

Anisotropic Silicone Films

Author: Francois Ganachaud*, Arthur Stricher, Laurent Chazeau, Renaud Rinaldi
Abstract: In elastomer materials, mechanical properties are basically related to their polymer network, so adjusting the crosslinking density will tailor their macroscopic behavior. A simple process was...


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Paper# 74 9 sulaiman s p74 1

Mechanical and Physical Properties of Ultra-High Elongation Silicone Elastomers

Author: Santy Sulaiman*, Jonathan Goff and Barry Arkles
Abstract: Exceptionally high molecular weight polydimethylsiloxane elastomers were formed via step-growth polymerization of heterobifunctional siloxane macromonomers.1 These materials exhibited elastomeric...


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Paper# 75 1 mott p p75 1

The Thermomechanical Response of a Polyurea

Author: Peter Mott*, Carl Giller, Daniel Fragiadakis, David Rosenberg, and C. M. Roland
Abstract: Infrared thermography was carried out on a polyurea, stretched to failure, over four dec­ades of strain rates (0.026 – 400 s−1). A convective heat transfer correction was developed so that the...


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Paper# 77 Jan meyer p77

Molecular Simulation Approach to the Prediction of Mechanical Properties of Silica Reinforced Rubbers

Author: Jan Meyer*, Jonathan Hager, Reinhard Hentschke, Nils Walter Hojdis and Hossein Ali Karimi Varzaneh
Abstract: Our goal is the calculation of macroscopic viscoelastic properties of filled rubber, in the context of the Payne-effect, using molecular dynamics simulation on the atomistic scale. Filled rubbers...


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Paper# 78 3 toki s p78 1

Stress-Strain Relation and Strain-Induced Crystallization of Natural Rubber

Author: Shigeyuki Toki*, Watcharin Sinumsa
Abstract: Stress-strain relations and strain- induced crystallization of varied crosslink structures, crosslink densities of vulcanized natural rubber, vulcanized synthetic poly-isoprene rubber and...


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Paper# 79 5 mars w p79 1

Intrinsic Strength Tester Based on the Cutting Method

Author: William V. Mars* and Christian Kipscholl
Abstract: Fatigue performance has many aspects and dependencies that may be measured, but the most basic question is whether or not a crack can grow. Crack growth can occur if enough energy is provided to...


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Paper# 80 6 mars w p80 1

Efficient Procedure for Measuring Cyclic Softening in an Elastomer

Author: William V. Mars*
Abstract: Rubber component durability is sometimes limited not by crack growth, but rather by the loss of stiffness that can occur under cyclic loading. We present here an experiment useful for...


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Paper# 81 7 behroozinia p p81 1

Three-Dimensional Modeling of Crack Propagation in Tires

Author: Pooya Behroozinia*, Saied Taheri,and Reza Mirzaeifar
Abstract: The cord-reinforced rubber composite’s life in tire structures can be predicted by a failure analysis based on fracture mechanics. Fatigue life prediction method expressed by Paris is implemented...


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Paper# 82 1 gillen k p82 1

Predicting Polymer Degradation and Mechanical Property Changes for Combined Aging Environments

Author: Kenneth Gillen* and Matthew Celina
Abstract: Accelerated aging models are needed when two environments impact degradation and the current paper considers combined radiation-temperature environments (CRTE). A viable model described in the past...


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Paper# 83 2 ito m p83 1

Relationship Between Amount of Scission and Crosslinking Added to Elastomer and Changes in Mechanical Properties

Author: Masayuki Ito
Abstract: The degradation of mechanical properties of elastomer in an aging process is caused by scission and crosslinking occurred during the aging. In this article the amount of scission and crosslinking...


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Paper# 85 3 tuckner p p85 1

Elastomer Aging Test Considerations: How Do Equipment, Test Conditions, and Configuration Affect Test Results?

Author: Paul Tuckner
Abstract: There are a few different test methods that are suggested to be used to note the extent of degradation of materials, which is often used to estimate service life. There are a range of approaches...


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Paper# 86 5 pazur r p86 1

The Influence of the Rubber Crosslink Structure on the Activation Energy Calculated Under Thermo-Oxidative Conditions

Author: Richard Pazur* and Tesfaldettefer Mengistu
Abstract: Apart from the base elastomer and its chemical structure, the thermo-oxidative resistance of rubber is known to be influenced by a variety of factors (i.e. antioxidant, filler, plasticizers, cure...


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Paper# 87 6 bhowmick p p87 1

Influence of Nanofiller on the Degradation and Aging Resistance of Hydrogenated Nitrile Butadiene Rubber

Author: Professor Anil Bhowmick
Abstract: Studies on degradation of elastomers and their prevention have become increasingly important in recent years because the environmental conditions in many industrial applications have become more...


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Paper# 88 7 halladay j p88 1

A Comparison of Two Different Cure Systems on the Age-Stiffening and Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics in Natural Rubber and Polybutadiene

Author: James R. Halladay
Abstract: Natural rubber (NR) and polybutadiene (BR) elastomers are used in the manufacture of many vibration isolation devices in rotorcraft, including high-capacity laminate (HCL) rotor bearings and...


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Paper# 89 1 ziebell r p89 1

Fused Amorphous Silica As a Replacement for Ground Quartz to Reduce Inhalation Exposure to Workers in Silicone Rubber Mixing Operations

Author: Rick Ziebell* and Jose Elias
Abstract: Amorphous fused silica shows promise as a direct replacement for ground quartz and other extending fillers. Fused silica is almost completely amorphous and readily mixes into rubber compounds. The...


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Paper# 90 Erick sharp p90

Evaluation of Peroxide Dispersions in HCR Silicone Compounding

Author: Erick Sharp
Abstract: A multi-factor, general factorial designed experiment was performed to investigate the processing of HCR silicone molding and extrusion compounds with silicone bound peroxide dispersions. The...


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Paper# 91 3 krenceski m p91 1

Understanding Silicone Polymers Using Thermal Analysis

Author: Mary Krenceski*, Sarah Lewis and Donald Pero
Abstract: Silicon-based polymers exhibit unique properties that make them attractive for use in a variety of demanding applications. Many of those applications require them to withstand a broad range of...


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Paper# 92 5 shimakawa m p92 1

Introduction of UV-Curing Silicone Rubber

Author: Masanari Shimakawa
Abstract: Due to its unique characteristics, silicone rubber has been an essential material for growth in many industries. Silicone rubber is able to be adapted to various molding methods such as injection,...


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Paper# 93 6 skov a p93 1

Silicone Elastomers Utilized As Dielectric Elastomers in Various Applications

Author: Anne Skov (presented by F. Ganachaud)
Abstract: Dielectric elastomers with larger strains are heavily pursued in the dielectric elastomer society and here silicone elastomers are a natural choice. However, silicone elastomers suffer from low...


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Paper# 94 Ianni clarson p94

Silicon, Silica and Silicones in Music and Musical Instruments

Author: Stephen Clarson*, and Lauren Ianni
Abstract: The beginning of the twenty first century is a time of innovation and of renewal for music, for musical instruments and for the music industry. In this oral presentation, we will discuss how...


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Paper# 96 7 palys l p96 1

A New Scorch Protected Peroxide for Processing Chlorinated Polyethylene

Author: Leonard H. Palys
Abstract: A standard peroxide and a new scorch retarded peroxide formulation based upon di(t-butylperoxy)diisopropylbenzene were compounded into several different grades of chlorinated polyethylene. The ease...


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Paper# 97 1 basterra beroiz b p97 1

New Insights into Rubber Network Structure By a Combination of Experimental Techniques

Author: Beatriz Basterra-Beroiz*, Robert Rommel, Francois Kayser, Stephan Westermann, Juan L. Valentin and Gert Heinrich
Abstract: Robust quantitative cross-link density characterization becomes necessary for the complete understanding of the structure and optimization of final properties of rubber compounds for industrial...


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Paper# 98 1 hogan m p98 1

Blending Signature® DNA into Silicone Rubber

Author: Michael Hogan
Abstract: Production and sustainment of US Defense infrastructure and systems relies on the procurement and use of authentic elastomer materials and end products. The Office of Secretary of Defense has...


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Paper# 99 2 nahum t p99 1

Electrospun Butyl Rubber for Stretchable Superhydrophobic Coatings

Author: Tehila Nahum*, Jinde Zhang, Hanna Dodiuk, Samuel Kenig, Carol Barry and Joey Mead
Abstract: Electrospinning has been recognized as one effective method to fabricate sub- to nano-scale fibers, and subsequent films, mats and membranes. Compared to films made by other conventional methods...


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Paper# 100 3 bhowmick a p100 1

Structure Development in Thermoplastic Elastomers from Blends of Plastics and Rubber, Interfacial Phenomena and Their Relationship with Properties

Author: Anil Kumar Bhowmick*, Shib Shankar Banerjee and Subhabrata Saha
Abstract: Structure development is an important aspect of thermoplastic elastomers from blends of plastics and rubber, which is guided by the interaction between the components and rheology of the individual...


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Paper# 101 4 lemke f p101 1

Simulation and Energetic Optimization of Continuous Vulcanization Processes

Author: Florian Lemke* and Christian Hopmann
Abstract: Continuous vulcanization of extruded elastomers represents one of the most energy consuming processes during the manufacture of elastomer profiles. Several conflicting objectives have to be...


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Paper# 102 6 clark d p102 1

An Examination of Driveline Seal and Lubricant Interactions in Durability Testing to Better Predict Real World Performance

Author: David Clark*, Chad Bauer, Dave DeGonia, Kristine Durbin, David Edwards and Joe Walker
Abstract: Static and dynamic seal testing under a range of conditions have been historically used to demonstrate the long term durability of radial lip seals in automotive driveline applications. As demands...


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Paper# 103 7 dick j p103 1

Comparison of Mixing Breakdown Profiles for Compounds Based on Different Elastomer Systems

Author: John S. Dick,
Abstract: Compounds based on different base elastomers will breakdown in different ways during the mixing process. This affects their downstream factory performance in extrusion, calendering, and...


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Paper# 104 8 dick j p104 1

Effects of Filler Variations on the Rubber Compound Shear Thinning Profiles As Measured By the Capillary Rheometer

Author: John S. Dick
Abstract: The Capillary Rheometer has been used in rubber technology for over 45 years. Capillary Rheometry is a very practical way of studying the effects of increasing shear rate on the rubber compound...


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Paper# 105 9 kaempfer d p105 1

Industrial Implementation of the Integrated Continuoius Mixing iCOM®

Author: Dirk Kaempfer
Abstract: Continuous mixing processes are generally much more cost-efficient than discontinuous processes. Nevertheless the rubber industry mainly uses batch processes utilizing internal mixers or two roll...


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Paper# 106 Nyaaba p106

Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Life Prediction of an Off-Road Mining Truck Tire

Author: Wedam Nyaaba*, Samuel Frimpong and Hamza Mohammed Ahmed Malik Alnasser
Abstract: Mining truck tires are required to support heavy machine loads under rugged terrain and adverse ambient conditions for long operating times. High temperatures resulting from the thermo-viscoelastic...


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Paper# 107 2 schneider k p107 1

Advanced Rubber Testing and Innovative Tear Fatigue Analysis of Elastomers Under Realistic Multiaxial Loading Conditions

Author: Konrad Schneider*, Gert Heinrich, Karsten Bruening, Sofya Dedova and Christian Kipscholl
Abstract: During the last years there are a couple of advanced methods, which became available to characterize the deformation and tear fatigue analysis of elastomers in greater detail. For a complex...


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Paper# 108 3 khalili l p108 1

A Therotical Platform to Predict the Contribution of Parallel Damage Mechanisms in Deformation of Filled Elastomers

Author: Leila Khalili* and Roozbeh Dargazany
Abstract: Owing to unique physical/mechanical properties of elastomeric nano-composites, they are widely used in load-bearing applications. In view of their critical role in many systems, it is important to...


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Paper# 109 5 emami a p109 1

Theoretical Modeling of Tire Wear

Author: Anahita Emami*, Sunish Vadakkeveetil, and Saied Taheri,
Abstract: Wear-rate prediction of rubber is of great practical importance in tire industry, though it is still not well understood theoretically. Few experimental models have been developed in the past to...


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Paper# 111 7 poudyal h p111 1

Numerical Simulations of the Effects of Rotor Speed in Non-Isothermal Partially-Filled Rubber Mixing

Author: Hari Poudyal* and Abhilash Chandy
Abstract: Mixing is one of the initial and critical steps for the industrial process of manufacturing tires. Mixing brings together different materials and results in a homogeneous final product, whose...


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Paper# 112 1 mcbride e p112 1

AEM Compounds with Improved Heat Resistance

Author: Edward McBride
Abstract: AEM compounds meet the needs of many automotive under the hood applications with a combination of good heat resistance, low temperature flexibility and fluid resistance. As engine temperatures and...


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Paper# 113 2 tucker d p113 1

Relating Aging Effects on Physical and Viscoelastic Properties of Rubber to Fundamental Changes in Material Structure

Author: Deidre Tucker* and Richard Webb
Abstract: Material chemists and engineers design elastomeric compounds to meet chemical and physical specifications dictated by the targeted application. There are often concerns for how these properties...


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Paper# 115 3 niyaz m p115 1

A Comparative Study of Chemical Resistant Noxtite® FKM and ACM for Demanding Hose Applications

Author: Mardan Niyaz
Abstract: Innovative development of a group of new high temperature Noxtite ACM (HT-ACM), which has significantly improved heat resistance compared with standard ACMs, allowed Unimatec to take the...


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Paper# 116 5 numata k p116 1

Correlation Between Degradation Behavior and Change in Temperature Dependence of Spin-Spin Relaxation Time for Aged Rubber Parts

Author: Kaori Numata
Abstract: We investigated the applicability of 1H spin-spin relaxation time, T2, as a parameter for quantitative evaluation of degraded rubber diaphragms with thermal aging for long term. We exposed...


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Paper# 117 Unavailable paper 117

Ageing and Thermal Degradation of Rubber Nanocomposites

Author: Ajesh K Zachariah
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE The rubber based nanocomposites have been an emerging area of research for developing the materials in the last few decades. The incorporation of nanomaterials in rubbers mainly...


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Paper# 118 1 ziebell r p118 1

In-Mold Bonding of Fluorosilicone Onto Thermoplastic Substrates

Author: Rick Ziebell*, Jose Gonzalez, and Gerardo Ramirez Jr.
Abstract: Fluorosilicone (FVMQ) is used in sealing many automotive and aerospace applications. With light weighting of components so critical to fuel savings, many designs seek to integrate the FVMQ seal to...


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Paper# 119 2 smitthipong w p119 1

Effect of Furfural on the Properties of Natural Latex: Possibility for Adhesive Industry

Author: Wirasak Smitthipong
Abstract: Normally, the properties of natural latex are not stable due to the nonrubber components which affect the quality of latex. The objective of this study is to develop and compare the adhesive...


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Paper# 120 Unavailable paper 120

A New Non-Toxic, Environmentally Friendly Replacement for Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Latex Dip

Author: Bernhard Mueller
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE For decades Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Latex (RFL) dip has been the industry standard to promote binding of reinforcement materials to rubber. In June 2014 formaldehyde was...


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Paper# 122 5 heidenreich a p122 1

Film Adhesives for Improving Safety and Reducing Cost in Tank Lining Applications

Author: Andrew Heidenreich
Abstract: LORD Corporation has developed Chemlok®-brand film adhesives for bonding unvulcanized rubber to metal, specifically for tank lining applications, which eliminates the need for solvent-borne...


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Paper# 123 Unavailable paper 123

Experimental Study of Adhesion, Friction and Aging for a SBR-PBD Rubber Blend, Analyzed Using Multiscale-Contact-Mechanics and a Multi-modal Aging Model

Author: Nestor Rodriguez
Abstract: PAPER UNAVAILABLE Rubber blends have a complex behavior and it had been the subject of theoretical modeling from long time. Seminal works by Han, Cole-Parmer, Cole-Cole, and others have been...


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Paper# C-1 Jindal a pc 1 1

ELECTROSPINNING POLYISOBUTYLENE-BASED RUBBERY FIBER MATS

Author: Aditya Jindal*, Andrew McClain, Kolos Molnar, Bruno Paiva, Melissa Camassola, and Judit E. Puskas
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper Polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomers, AIBA {poly(alloocimene-b-isobutylene-b-alloocimene) triblocks), synthesized by carbocationic polymerization were...


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Paper# C-2 Britton e pc 2 1

The Effect of Thiuram Variations when used as Primary Accelerators in Sulfur-Cured EPDM Compounds

Author: Eric Britton
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper Thiurams are a family of organic accelerators known for high rate of cure and ability to create high crosslink densities in natural and synthetic elastomers. As sulfur...


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Paper# C-3 Rathi a pc 3 1

EFFECT OF AROMATIC OIL ON PHASE DYNAMICS OF S-SBR/BR BLENDS FOR PASSENGER CAR TIRE TREADS

Author: A. Rathi
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper S-SBR (solution styrene-butadiene copolymer rubber) / BR (polybutadiene rubber) blends are used in applications like tires, but little is known about the phase dynamics...


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Paper# C-4 Sarkar p pc 4 1

Sustainable Rubbers from Terpene: Synthesis, Characterization and Properties

Author: Preetom Sarkar* and Anil K. Bhowmick
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper Development of sustainable rubber entails not only inclusion of renewable synthons, but also a judicious choice of green manufacturing methodology. The acyclic...


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Paper# C-5 Li j pc 5 1

Comparative Study of CB, Silica and CB/Silica Filled SBR Extended by Norbornylized Soybean Oil

Author: Jiaxi Li*, Avraam I. Isayev, Xiaofeng Ren, Mark D. Soucek
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper Carbon black (CB) and precipitated silica are two major reinforcing fillers in rubbers. CB/silica hybrid filler is also widely used in rubbers to provide balanced...


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Paper# C-6 Hosseinmardi a pc 6 1

Mechanical Reinforcement of Natural Rubber Latex with Cellulose Nanofibers from Triodoa Pungens

Author: Alireza Hosseinmardi
Abstract: Student Colloquium Paper This study investigates the effect of residual hemicellulose, lignin and surface modification of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) in order to strengthen natural rubber (NR)...


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